Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Help guide our efforts to modernize ClinicalTrials.gov.
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020.

Glibentek in Patients With Neonatal Diabetes Secondary to Mutations in K+-ATP Channels (NEOGLI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02375828
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:
The understanding of the molecular mechanisms of neonatal diabetes has deeply changed the therapy of patients carrying mutations in the K-ATP channel. Indeed, those patients are not treated anymore by insulin injections but by glibenclamide an oral anti-diabetic drug widely used in type 2 diabetes. Anyway, its galenic form (pills of 5 mg) is not suitable for children and difficult to administrate to infants or young children. The purpose of this study is to determine if a new galenic form of this durg is more suitable and as efficient as pills in children with neonatal diabetes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neonatal Diabetes Secondary to Mutation in the Potassium Channel Drug: Glibenclamide Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM), characterized by hyperglycaemia requiring exogenous insulin therapy, is a rare condition that appears during the first months of life with an estimated incidence of 1 in 12000 newborns. We recently published that in our large cohort, the origin of the disease is an heterozygous activating mutation of the coding sequence of KCNJ11 or ABCC8 genes in 42% of patients. These genes encode for the Kir 6.2 subunit (KCNJ11 gene) and for the SUR1 subunit (ABCC8 gene) of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel (KATP) whom function in the beta cell is to induce a membrane depolarization triggering the exocytosis of insulin-containing granules. The understanding of the molecular substrate of the disease has deeply changed the therapy, allowing the switch from insulin injections to an oral medication with sulfonylureas. Indeed, these drugs specifically bind to SUR1 subunit increasing the closing ability of the KATP by an ATP-independent mechanisms stimulating insulin secretion. Together with others we demonstrated that these drugs were efficient in replacement of subcutaneous injected insulin in children or adults with a Kir6.2 or a SUR1 activating mutation allowing an excellent metabolic control of the disease without the side effects of insulin (hypoglycemia).

Anyway, in most countries, glibenclamide has not been approved for use in children by heath authorities in france and its use is then only temporary tolerated in this specific indication.

Furthermore its galenic form (pills) is not suitable for children and especially for infants. The dosage is too high for most infants and young children or children wih neurologic defects (frequently associated to this kind of neonatal diabetes) can't swallow pills. Chewing the pill can't be an alternative as sulfamides are known induce alterations of tooth enamel color.

Most patients parents have to crush the pills and dilute the powder in water before administrating it to their child. Such process doesn't follow recommendations of administration of and medicine contradiction. It can also alter the drug cinetic.as glibenclamide is not completely soluble in water.

After our successful clinical trial, we decided then to be a part in the development of a galenice form suitable for children. The AMMtek company has created a new galenic dedicated to pediatric patients. This new oral solution has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in a phase 1 study. Its pediatric investigation plan has been validated in july 2013 by the European medicine agency. The French drug and food agency (ANSM) has asked for a tolerance and acceptability study before giving its approval for use in children and infants with neonatal diabetes.

The aim of this study is then to determine the tolerance and acceptability of an oral solution of glibenclamide (Glinbentek) developed and dedicated to pediatric patients with neonatal diabetes secondary to mutation in potassium channels.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tolerance and Acceptability of Glibentek in Patients With Neonatale Diabetes Secondary to Mutations in K+-ATP Channels
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 4, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 22, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Potassium
Drug Information available for: Glyburide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Patients with neonatal diabetes
Patients with neonatal diabetes
Drug: Glibenclamide
Glibenclamide pills will be administrated during one month at the previously used dosage. During the first month of the study we wwil record pharmacokinetic data, number of hypoglycaemia and the administration problems associated to this galenic form. At the end of the first month of enrolment, patients will be given oral solution of glibenclamide for the 4 remaining months. Pharmacocinetic data, number of hypoglycaemia and parents and children feeling about pratictability of administration will be then recorded.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acceptability of an oral solution of glibenclamide (Hedonic visual scale) [ Time Frame: 2 months after the change from pills to oral solution. ]
    Hedonic visual scale

  2. Acceptability of an oral solution of glibenclamide (Hedonic visual scale) [ Time Frame: 3 months after the change from pills to oral solution. ]
    Hedonic visual scale


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tolerance of an oral solution of glibenclamide (Self administrated questionnaries) [ Time Frame: 2 months after the change from pills to oral solution. ]
    Self administrated questionnaries, liver and renal biology

  2. Tolerance of an oral solution of glibenclamide (Self administrated questionnaries) [ Time Frame: 3 months after the change from pills to oral solution. ]
    Self administrated questionnaries, liver and renal biology

  3. Recording pharmaceutical data on pills and oral solution of glibenclamide (Blood drug dosage) [ Time Frame: At inclusion ]
    Blood drug dosage

  4. Recording pharmaceutical data on pills and oral solution of glibenclamide (Blood drug dosage) [ Time Frame: 2 months after the switch from pills to oral solution ]
    Blood drug dosage

  5. No alteration in metabolic control of the disease [ Time Frame: During the first month of administration ]
    HbA1C at month 3, fructosamine at month 2 and 3, self record of hypoglycaemia during month 1, 2 and 3, glycemia before and after meals during 2 consecutive days at introduction of oral solution and during 2 meals at month 2 and month 3

  6. No alteration in metabolic control of the disease [ Time Frame: 2 months after the change from pills to oral solution ]
    HbA1C at month 3, fructosamine at month 2 and 3, self record of hypoglycaemia during month 1, 2 and 3, glycemia before and after meals during 2 consecutive days at introduction of oral solution and during 2 meals at month 2 and month 3

  7. No alteration in metabolic control of the disease [ Time Frame: 3 months after the change from pills to oral solution ]
    HbA1C at month 3, fructosamine at month 2 and 3, self record of hypoglycaemia during month 1, 2 and 3, glycemia before and after meals during 2 consecutive days at introduction of oral solution and during 2 meals at month 2 and month 3



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age below 18 years
  • Neonatal diabetes secondary to documented mutation in one of the 2 sub units of potassium channels
  • Patients already treated by glibenclamide pills
  • Signed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Families unable to fill in the questionnaries
  • Patients unable to answer to the visual hedonic squale
  • Patients unable to take the oral solution
  • Known allergy to sulfonylureas or to other antidiabetic or antibiotic sulfamides
  • Insulin therapy associated to glibenclamide
  • Miconazole therapy
  • Porphyria
  • Breast feeding
  • Severe renal failure (creatinine clearance below 30 ml/mn)
  • Liver failure (prothombine time below 70)
  • Not affiliated to the health care system

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02375828


Locations
Layout table for location information
France
Hôpital Universitaire Necker Enfants Malades
Paris, France, 7501
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Michel Polak, MD, PhD Hopital Universitaire Necker Enfants Malades, Assistance publique - hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de medicine Paris Descartes, Université Sorbonne Paris cité

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02375828    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-003436-39
First Posted: March 3, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 30, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
Acceptability
Phase 3
Neonatal diabetes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Neoplasms
Pathologic Processes
Glyburide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs