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Use of Prokinetics During Inpatient Bowel Care for SCI Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02370433
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2017 by Dr. Mark Korsten, James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : February 25, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Mark Korsten, James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Bowel care (BC) is a time-consuming and cumbersome activity of daily living for most individuals with SCI. Previous studies have reported that the average time to complete a BC routine is 45 minutes; 10-20% of SCI individuals report BC routines lasting for more than 1 hour. In past studies, the investigators have shown that a medication called neostigmine can increase bowel activity and thus, promote bowel movement. The investigators have successfully used this medication with traditional and novel methods of colonoscopic preparations, and have shown that it improves the quality of these preparations. In this study, we would like to test the applicability of this medication to bowel care routines.

The investigators believe that the addition of this medication to the beginning of regular bowel regiments will significantly decrease the time and effort needed to complete BC, thus improving patient perception of their BC routines and quality of life. SCI individuals followed by the James J Peters VA Medical Center (JJPVAMC) SCI Medical Service are admitted on a routine basis for inpatient respite care, therapy, and/or annual physicals. Such inpatient stays typically range in duration from 1 week to 3 weeks, during which the patient undergo BC routines assisted by the inpatient care team. BC routines are typically performed every other day, or thrice weekly (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) in "Blue Rooms" located on the inpatient SCI wards (IE and ID). The bowel care routine, including duration of procedure, use of assistive medications or devices, and completeness of bowel care are documented in the patients' electronic medical chart (CPRS) by care providers. The investigators propose to perform the described protocol in individuals who have been admitted to the hospital for routine care and are otherwise healthy. In doing so, the investigators can ensure that patients are vigilantly monitored during each BC session, and that any changes in BC pattern are accurately observed and documented. Furthermore, by performing these procedures on an inpatient basis, study investigators can ensure the consistency of care and daily routine, allowing for better control of study conditions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Cord Injury Neurogenic Bowel Drug: Intravenous Neostigmine and Glycopyrrolate Drug: Transdermal Neostigmine and Glycopyrrolate Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Part 1: IV Screening Twenty subjects with chronic SCI (>1 year) and difficulty with evacuation (DWE) managed by a regular, thrice weekly BC routines will be recruited for study participation. In order to determine eligibility for the study, the subject will have to undergo an IV screening to test whether or not they are responsive to the drug treatment (neostigmine-glycopyrrolate). If the subject responds (bowel movement) to the IV treatment, they will be allowed to continue on to part 2 of the study. If patient does not have a successful bowel movement, then they will be considered a non-responder and study participation will be discontinued.

Part 2: Baseline and Dose Titration Once eligibility has been determined, and subject consent has been obtained, each subject will undergo 1 week of baseline observation after admission. An abdominal x-ray (KUB) will be performed, the SCI Bowel Survey and Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (TSQM) will be administered, and the subject's weight determined. Each subject will continue with regular bowel care as an inpatient, and after 1 week, all of the baseline measurements (KUB, weight and surveys) will be repeated. This will be followed by a 2 visit- dose titration study of concomitantly administered, transcutaneous neostigmine methylsulfate (NEO) and glycopyrrolate (GLY). Each visit will be scheduled on a BC day. All procedures will take place in the "Blue Room" located in the SCI inpatient ward. Subjects will be prone throughout the duration of the study, in a stretcher routinely used during bowel care. As part of the setup, subjects will be instrumented with blood pressure cuff; intravenous access will be obtained at a peripheral vein (if one is not available), as a precautionary measure, since the drug will be administered via an Iontophoresis transdermal patch. Heart rate will be continuously monitored throughout the procedure through finger oximetry. Symptoms will be assessed every 5 minutes for the first 30 minutes, and then at 1 hour post drug administration. Once the subject has a positive response to one of the two doses, or the higher dose has been performed, the dose titration will be stopped. If the subject has a positive response (bowel movement within 60 minutes of drug administration) he/she will be eligible to continue to the third study phase. If the subject does not respond to either dose, the subject will be considered a non-responder and study participation will be discontinued. We expect that about 1/3rd of the subjects will be non-responders, or will be lost to attrition; therefore, we are prepared to over-recruit by 5 subjects in order to ensure that at least 15 subjects will be eligible to complete the second part of the study.

The study will be stopped once the patient experiences a bowel movement within 30 minutes of administering ION NEO because the protocol objective will have been achieved. If the patient should experience cardiopulmonary side effects when receiving the ION NEO on the lower doses that are not effectively reversed by the ION GLY, the study will be stopped. In addition, the study investigators reserve the right to stop the study should they have any other safety concerns.

Part 3: 2 Week Treatment Each subject will be assessed for their perception of their current BC routine using the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-Appendix 1), and their bowel habits using the bowel survey (Appendix 2).The subject will then be asked to continue with their normal BC routine for two weeks during their inpatient stay, with the exception that NEO and GLY will be administered at the beginning of each BC session as an adjunct to each subject's normal routine. Each BC session will be documented by a study team member including the time needed to complete BC, methods used (i.e. number of enemas used, oral laxatives, suppositories, digital stimulation, abdominal massage) and the quality and completeness of the bowel movement. Heart rate, oxygenation and blood pressure will be monitored continuously. Subjects will be weighed at baseline, once after each week of treatment and once at the post treatment follow-up visit. After two weeks of treatment, each subject will undergo a final KUB and be reassessed for their perception of the BC routine for the past two weeks using the TSQM and their bowel habits (bowel survey).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : December 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bowel Evacuation via IV
The study design will consist of an intravenous (IV) screening visit to determine each individual's response to neostigmine and glycopyrrolate (NG).
Drug: Intravenous Neostigmine and Glycopyrrolate
Experimental: Bowel Evacuation Titration
This design will consist of a dose titration for those subjects who respond positively to IV. These subjects will receive either a low dose and/or a high dose of NG via iontophoresis to determine their responsiveness.
Drug: Transdermal Neostigmine and Glycopyrrolate
Experimental: Bowel Evacuation Iontophoresis
This design will consist of the incorporation of iontophoresis administration into clinical bowel care. The subject will receive the exact dose they responded to during the titration 3x per week for 2weeks.
Drug: Transdermal Neostigmine and Glycopyrrolate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Biological Response to Study Medication (Changes in BC habits (time to complete BC, reductions/ increases in secondary methods (enemas, suppositories, oral supplements) needed to complete BC will be assessed) [ Time Frame: 24months ]
    We aim to evaluate the effect of treatment with NG through Iontophoresis during routine bowel care (BC) during inpatient visits. Changes in BC habits (time to complete BC, reductions/ increases in secondary methods (enemas, suppositories, oral supplements) needed to complete BC will be assessed

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effect of Medication on Impaction (changes in fecal impaction and constipation by documenting weekly weight and pre to post treatment plain abdominal x-ray) [ Time Frame: 24months ]
    We aim to To evaluate changes in fecal impaction and constipation by documenting weekly weight and pre to post treatment plain abdominal x-ray

  2. Subjective Feedback from Inpatients (Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM) [ Time Frame: 24months ]
    We aim To compare patient perception of the proposed treatment using the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM) before and after the inpatient treatment period.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: 18-75 years
  • Spinal Cord Injury (SCI):
  • greater than 1 year duration
  • excess time for bowel evacuation (> 60minutes per session)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous Adverse Reaction or Hypersensitivity to Electrical Stimulation
  • Do not require additional bowel care or have "normal bowel function"
  • Known sensitivity to Neostigmine and Glycopyrrolate
  • Blockage in Bowel and/or Bladder
  • Myocardial Infarction in the past 6months
  • Blood Pressure ≥160/100 mmHg with/without being on 3 or more different classes of antihypertensive medications
  • Organ Damage (heart & kidney) and/or transient ischemic attack (TIA)- cerebrovascular accident (CVA) as a result of hypertension
  • Known past history of coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure, bradyarrythmia
  • Slow Heart Rate (<45bpm)
  • Active respiratory diseases
  • Known history of asthma during lifetime
  • Recent (within 3months) respiratory infections
  • Adrenal Insufficiency
  • Pregnancy or potential for pregnancy
  • Lactating/nursing females
  • Use of any antibiotics in past 7days
  • Use of medications known to affect respiratory system
  • Concurrent participation in other clinical trials (within 30days)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02370433

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Contact: Mark A Korsten, MD 718-584-9000 ext 6753
Contact: Tradd Cummings, MS 718-584-9000 ext 3107

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United States, New York
James J. Peters VA Medical Center Recruiting
The Bronx, New York, United States, 10468
Contact: Brian Lyons    718-584-9000 ext 3128   
Contact: Joshua Hobson    718-584-9000 ext 3129   
Principal Investigator: Mark A. Korsten, MD         
Sub-Investigator: William A. Bauman, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Miroslav Radulovic, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Marinella D. Galea, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Ann M. Spungen, EdD         
Sub-Investigator: Gregory Schilero, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Dr. Mark Korsten, Chief of Gastroneterology, James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center Identifier: NCT02370433    
Other Study ID Numbers: KOR-12-035
First Posted: February 25, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 29, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Keywords provided by Dr. Mark Korsten, James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center:
Spinal Cord Injury
Neurogenic Bowel
Bowel Evacuation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neurogenic Bowel
Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Colonic Diseases, Functional
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists