Bicalutamide as A Treatment in AR-positive Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (mTNBC) Patients
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02348281
Recruitment Status :
(it's too slow to enroll suitable patients into this study)
This prospective, single center, phase II study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bicalutamide as a treatment in androgen receptor (AR)-positive metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) patients.
Condition or disease
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined as the absence of estrogen and progesterone receptor expression as well as ERBB2 amplification. It has no response to endocrine or anti-ERBB2 therapies. Recent studies have found some potential therapeutic targets for TNBC. However, it still has a poor outcome. It was reported that TNBC has six subtypes, including 2 basal-like (BL1 and BL2), an immunomodulatory (IM), a mesenchymal (M), a mesenchymal stem-like (MSL), and a luminal androgen receptor (LAR) subtype. Different subtype may be sensitive to different treatment. Bicalutamide is an oral, non-steroidal, androgen receptor (AR) antagonist. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer. Recently, a study explored the efficacy of bicalutamide in AR positive, estrogen receptor negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC), which showed a high clinical benefit rate (CBR) and a good safety profile. Based on the above reasons, we initiate this phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bicalutamide in AR positive metastatic triple-negative breast cancer patients.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 70 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Females elder than 18
Histological proven unresectable or metastatic breast cancer patients who underwent at least one chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease
Patients with androgen Receptor (AR) positive (IHC >10% nuclear staining) either for primary tumor or metastatic lesion
Triple-negative for estrogen receptor (ER), progestogen receptor (PR), and human epithelial receptor-2 (HER2) by IHC (ER <1%, PR <1% and Her2 negative). A negative Her2 gene amplification should be verified by FISH test for those patients with Her2 (2+). For those with Her2 (1+), FISH test might be considered by the investigator.
At least one measurable disease according to the response evaluation criteria in solid tumor (RECIST 1.1)
Performance status no more than 2
All patients enrolled are required to have adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function
Life expectancy longer than 12 weeks
No serious medical history of heart, lung, liver and kidney
Be able to understand the study procedures and sign informed consent.
Patients with good compliance
Pregnant or lactating women
Women of child-bearing potential, unwilling to use adequate contraceptive protection during the process of the study
Patients treated with an investigational product within 4 weeks before the enrollment
Patients who received chemotherapy within 4 weeks before the enrollment
Patients with symptomatic central nervous system metastases are not permitted, except for those with stable and asymptomatic brain metastases who have completed cranial irradiation, and have at least one measurable lesion outside the brain. Radiotherapy should be completed within 4 weeks prior to the registration
Other active malignancies (including other hematologic malignancies) or other malignancies within the last 5 years, except for cured nonmelanoma skin cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
Patients having a history of clinically significant cardiovascular, hepatic, respiratory or renal diseases, clinically significant hematological and endocrinal abnormalities, clinically significant neurological or psychiatric conditions