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Efficacy and Safety Trial of 12 Weeks of Treatment With Nebulized SUN-101 in Patients With COPD (GOLDEN-3)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02347761
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2015
Results First Posted : March 22, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sunovion Respiratory Development Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a trial of 12 weeks of treatment with nebulized SUN-101 using an Investigational eFlow® Closed System (CS) nebulizer in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD 2014) guidelines.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COPD Drug: SUN-101 50 mcg BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer Drug: SUN-101 25 mcg BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer Drug: Placebo BID eFlow Closed System (CS) nebulizer Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter, efficacy and safety trial of 12 weeks of treatment with nebulized SUN-101 using an Investigational eFlow® Closed System (CS) nebulizer in approximately 645 subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD 2014) guidelines.

SUN-101 or placebo will be administered twice daily as an oral inhalation using the investigational eFlow CS nebulizer. Approximately 150 subjects will be enrolled in the substudy (at selected sites only). These subjects will be required to participate in serial spirometry, vital signs, ECGs, and an additional Holter monitor assessment at Visit 6 (Week 12). This subset of subjects will be referred to as the Substudy Population.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 653 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group, Multicenter, Efficacy and Safety Trial of 12 Weeks of Treatment With Nebulized SUN-101 in Patients With COPD: GOLDEN-3 (Glycopyrrolate for Obstructive Lung Disease Via Electronic Nebulizer)
Study Start Date : February 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SUN-101 50 mcg BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer
SUN-101 50 mcg twice daily (BID) eFlow (R) Closed System (CR) nebulizer
Drug: SUN-101 50 mcg BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer
SUN-101 50 mcg twice daily (BID) eFlow Closed System (CS) nebulizer

Experimental: SUN-101 25 mcg BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer
SUN-101 25 mcg twice daily (BID) eFlow (R) Closed System (CR) nebulizer
Drug: SUN-101 25 mcg BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer
SUN-101 25 mcg twice daily (BID) eFlow Closed System (CS) nebulizer

Placebo Comparator: Placebo BID eFlow (CS) nebulizer
Placebo twice daily (BID) eFlow (R) Closed System (CR) nebulizer
Drug: Placebo BID eFlow Closed System (CS) nebulizer
Placebo twice daily (BID) eFlow Closed System (CS) nebulizer




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    ALL COLLECTED-Spirometry was performed according to internationally accepted standards.Trough FEV1 at Week 12 was defined as the mean of the values collected at two time points 30 minutes apart at approximately 24 hours (± 1 hour) after the previous morning dose.Change from baseline in trough FEV1 was calculated as the trough FEV1 value at Week 12 minus the morning trough FEV1 at baseline (mean of the two pre-dose values at 45 and 15 minutes prior to the first dose). All collected values were used in this analyses, regardless if the subject remained on randomized treatment or not, and regardless if the values might potentially be affected by other therapies or not Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR) "ALL COLLECTED" and "ON TREATMENT" data are the same. The only difference is in the number of visits included for those participants who may have discontinued randomized treatment but remained in the study." for all endpoints

  2. Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1) Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    ON TEATMENT-Spirometry was performed according to internationally accepted standards.Trough FEV1 at Week 12 was defined as the mean of the values collected at two time points 30 minutes apart at approximately 24 hours (± 1 hour) after the previous morning dose.Change from baseline in trough FEV1 was calculated as the trough FEV1 value at Week 12 minus the morning trough FEV1 at baseline (mean of the two pre-dose values at 45 and 15 minutes prior to the first dose).Only on-treatment values (which included only data collected while subjects were taking study drug) are used for this analysis. Values affected by other medication use were set to missing. Non-collected or missing data were not imputed for this analysis. Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Standardized Change From Baseline at Week 12 in FEV1 Area Under the Curve (AUC) (0-12) in the Substudy Population [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    ALL COLLECTED The standardized FEV1 AUC(0-12) was calculated at weeks 0 and 12 for the Substudy Population with extended spirometry measurements. The trapezoidal rule was used to calculate FEV1 AUC and then normalized to the length of time. Intermittent missing spirometry measurements were ignored and the trapezoidal rule would simply span the missing time point(s). If the Hour 12 time point was missing, then the AUC(0-12) calculation was based on the time interval up to the last non-missing time point prior to Hour 12. If a subject has a missing baseline FEV1, then that subject had a missing AUC. All collected values were used in the analyses, regardless if the subject remained on randomized treatment or not, and regardless if the values might potentially be affected by other therapies or not Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).

  2. Standardized Change From Baseline at Week 12 in FEV1 Area Under the Curve (AUC) (0-12) in Substudy Population [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    ON TREATMENT The standardized FEV1 AUC(0-12) was calculated at weeks 0 and 12 for the Substudy Population with extended spirometry measurements. The trapezoidal rule was used to calculate FEV1 AUC and then normalized to the length of time. Intermittent missing spirometry measurements were ignored and the trapezoidal rule would simply span the missing time points. If the Hour 12 time point was missing, then the AUC(0-12) calculation was based on the time interval up to the last non-missing time point prior to Hour 12. If a subject has a missing baseline FEV1, then that subject had a missing AUC.Only on-treatment values (which included only data collected while subjects were taking study drug) are used for this analysis. Values affected by other medication use were set to missing. Non-collected or missing data were not imputed for this analysis. Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).

  3. Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    ALL COLLECTED Spirometry was performed according to internationally accepted standards. Trough FVC at Week 12 was defined as the mean of the values collected at two time points 30 minutes apart at approximately 24 hours (± 1 hour) after the previous morning dose.

    All collected values were used in the analyses, regardless if the subject remained on randomized treatment or not, and regardless if the values might potentially be affected by other therapies or not Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random


  4. Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    ON TREATMENT Spirometry was performed according to internationally accepted standards. Trough FVC at Week 12 was defined as the mean of the values collected at two time points 30 minutes apart at approximately 24 hours (± 1 hour) after the previous morning dose. Change from baseline in trough FVC was calculated as the trough FVC value at Week 12 minus the morning trough FVC at baseline (mean of the two pre-dose values at 45 and 15 minutes prior to the first dose).Only on-treatment values (which included only data collected while subjects were taking study drug) are used for this analysis. Values affected by other medication use were set to missing. Non-collected or missing data were not imputed for this analysis. Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).

  5. Change From Baseline in Health Status Measured by St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) at Week 12/End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    ALL COLLECTED Participants reported change in health status by using the SGRQ. The SGRQ contains 50 items divided into 2 parts covering 3 aspects of health related to COPD: symptoms, activity, and impacts. A score was calculated for each of these 3 subscales and a "Total" score was calculated. In each case the lowest possible value is 0 and the highest 100. Higher values correspond to greater impairment of health status.

    All collected values were used in the analyses, regardless if the subject remained on randomized treatment or not. Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).


  6. Change From Baseline in Health Status Measured by St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Week 12/End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    ON TREATMENT Participants reported change in health status by using the SGRQ. The SGRQ contains 50 items divided into 2 parts covering 3 aspects of health related to COPD: symptoms, activity, and impacts. A score was calculated for each of these 3 subscales and a "Total" score was calculated. In each case the lowest possible value is 0 and the highest 100. Higher values correspond to greater impairment of health status.

    Only on-treatment values (which included only data collected while subjects were taking study drug) are used for this analysis. Values affected by other medication use were set to missing. Non-collected or missing data were not imputed for this analysis. Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).


  7. Change in Number of Rescue Medication Puffs Per Day Over the 12-week Double-blind Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]

    ALL COLLECTED Participants completed an electronic diary (eDiary) daily (night time) to record the number of puffs of rescue medication inhaled in the previous 24 hours. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

    All collected values were used in the analyses, regardless if the subject remained on randomized treatment or not. Values not collected remained as missing values and were assumed to be missing at random (MAR).


  8. Number of Subjects With Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ALL COLLECTED All deaths and any other findings suggestive of a potential MACE (including clinically relevant information and SAEs, and all PTs form the SMQs "myocardial infarction", "other ischemic heart disease", "central nervous system hemorrhages and cerebrovascular conditions") were sent to an adjudication committee for review and categorized as CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke. The MACE score was defined as the total number of subjects with CV deaths, nonfatal MIs, and nonfatal strokes. These events were collected for the double-blind period (from the first date of study medication until the date of last contact)

  9. Percentage of Subjects With Major Cardiac Events (MACE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ALL COLLECTED All deaths and any other findings suggestive of a potential MACE (including clinically relevant information and SAEs, and all PTs form the SMQs "myocardial infarction", "other ischemic heart disease", "central nervous system hemorrhages and cerebrovascular conditions") were sent to an adjudication committee for review and categorized as CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke. The MACE score was defined as the total number of subjects with CV deaths, nonfatal MIs, and nonfatal strokes. These events were collected for the double-blind period (from the first date of study medication until the date of last contact)

  10. Number of Subjects With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ON TREATMENT A TEAE is defined as any non-serious AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 7 days after the last dose of study medication, or any serious AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 30 days after the last dose of study medication. A treatment emergent AE is an on-treatment AE.

  11. Percent of Subjects With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ON TREATMENT A TEAE is defined as any non-serious AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 7 days after the last dose of study medication, or any serious AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 30 days after the last dose of study medication. A treatment emergent AE is an on-treatment AE.

  12. Number of Subjects With Treatment Emergent Serious Adverse Events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ON TREATMENT A treatment emergent SAE is defined as any SAE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 30 days after the last dose of study medication. A treatment emergent SAE is an on-treatment SAE

  13. Percent of Subjects With Treatment Emergent Serious Adverse Events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ON TREATMENT A treatment emergent SAE is defined as any SAE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 30 days after the last dose of study medication. A treatment emergent SAE is an on-treatment SAE

  14. Number of Subjects Who Discontinue Treatment Due to TEAE [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ON TREATMENT A TEAE is defined as any AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 7 days after the last dose of study medication, or any serious AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 30 days after the last dose of study medication. A treatment emergent AE is an on-treatment AE.

  15. Percent of Subjects Who Discontinue Treatment Due to TEAE [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ON TREATMENT A TEAE is defined as any AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 7 days after the last dose of study medication, or any serious AE that occurred on or after the first dose of study medication and within 30 days after the last dose of study medication. A treatment emergent AE is an on-treatment AE.

  16. Incidence Rate Per 100 Person-years of Subjects With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Week 0-12 ]
    ALL COLLECTED All deaths and any other findings suggestive of a potential MACE (including clinically relevant information and SAEs, and all PTs form the SMQs "myocardial infarction", "other ischemic heart disease", "central nervous system hemorrhages and cerebrovascular conditions") were sent to an adjudication committee for review and categorized as CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke. The MACE score was defined as the total number of subjects with CV deaths, nonfatal MIs, and nonfatal strokes. These events were collected for the double-blind period (from the first date of study medication until the date of last contact)I ncidence rate: TT= Total Time in years. Total Time (TT) is defined as the time from the first date of study drug until the latter of the date of last contact or 30 days after the date of last dose. Incidence Rate (per 1000 person-years) = n/TT x 1000.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients age ≥ 40 years, inclusive
  2. A clinical diagnosis of COPD according to the GOLD 2014 guidelines
  3. Current smokers or ex-smokers with at least 10 pack-year smoking history (eg, at least 1 pack/day for 10 years, or equivalent)
  4. Post-bronchodilator (following inhalation of ipratropium bromide) FEV1 < 80% of predicted normal and > 0.7 L during Screening (Visit 1)
  5. Post-bronchodilator (following inhalation of ipratropium bromide) FEV1/FVC ratio < 0.70 during Screening (Visit 1)
  6. Ability to perform reproducible spirometry according to the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines (2005)
  7. Subject, if female ≤ 65 years of age and of child bearing potential, must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Visit 1. Females of childbearing potential must be instructed to and agree to avoid pregnancy during the study and must use an acceptable method of birth control: a) an oral contraceptive, an intrauterine device (IUD), implantable contraceptive, transdermal or injectable contraceptive for at least 1 month prior to entering the study with continued use throughout the study and for thirty days following participation; b) barrier method of contraception, eg, condom and /or diaphragm with spermicide while participating in the study; and/or c) abstinence
  8. Willing and able to provide written informed consent
  9. Willing and able to attend all study visits and adhere to all study assessments and procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Severe comorbidities including unstable cardiac or pulmonary disease or any other medical conditions that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, preclude the subject from safely completing the required tests or the study, or is likely to result in disease progression that would require withdrawal of the subject
  2. Concomitant clinically significant respiratory disease other than COPD (eg, asthma, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis or other non-specific pulmonary disease).
  3. Recent history of COPD exacerbation requiring hospitalization or need for increased treatments for COPD within 6 weeks prior to Screening (Visit 1)
  4. Use of daily oxygen therapy > 12 hours per day
  5. Respiratory tract infection within 6 weeks prior to Screening (Visit 1)
  6. Use of oral, intravenous, or intramuscular steroids within 3 months prior to Screening (Visit 1)
  7. History of malignancy of any organ system, treated or untreated within the past 5 years, with the exception of localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  8. Prolonged QTcF (> 450 msec for males and > 470 msec for females) during Screening (Visit 1) as determined from the report provided by the central laboratory, or history of long QT syndrome
  9. History of or clinically significant ongoing bladder outflow obstruction or history of catheterization for relief of bladder outflow obstruction within the previous 6 months.
  10. History of narrow angle glaucoma
  11. History of hypersensitivity or intolerance to aerosol medications
  12. Recent documented history (within the previous 3 months) of substance abuse
  13. Significant psychiatric disease that would likely result in the subject not being able to complete the study, in the opinion of the Investigator
  14. Participation in another investigational drug study where drug was received within 30 days prior to Screening (Visit 1) or current participation in another investigational drug trial, including a SUN-101 study
  15. Previously received SUN-101 (active treatment; formerly known as EP-101).
  16. Contraindicated for treatment with, or having a history of reactions/hypersensitivity to anticholinergic agents, beta2 agonists, or sympathomimetic amines

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02347761


  Show 44 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sunovion Respiratory Development Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Respiratory Medical Director, MD Sunovion Respiratory Director

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Sunovion Respiratory Development Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02347761     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SUN101-301
First Posted: January 27, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 22, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018

Keywords provided by Sunovion Respiratory Development Inc.:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease