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An Open Label Phase 2 Study of ManNAc in Subjects With GNE Myopathy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02346461
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2015
Results First Posted : April 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

Patients with GNE myopathy have progressive muscle weakness and can have difficulty walking and decreased mobility. The disease is a rare genetic disorder that results from a gene mutation in a key step in the body's production of a sugar called sialic acid, (also called N-acetylneuraminic acid, Neu5Ac). Researchers think decreased sialic acid bound to muscle proteins may be the cause of muscle wasting in GNE myopathy. Researchers are testing the drug ManNAc which is a precursor in the production of sialic acid within cells. ManNAc is provided as a powder dissolved in water to be administered orally.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
GNE Myopathy Drug: ManNAc Phase 2

Detailed Description:

GNE myopathy is a rare genetic (autosomal recessive) disorder that causes progressive skeletal muscle atrophy and weakness. The disease presents in young adults typically between the ages of 20 and 40 years, and includes foot drop and difficulty walking. The disease progresses to involve all skeletal muscles, eventually leading to the use of a wheelchair and, in some cases, dependence on a caregiver. The causative gene, GNE, encodes the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of CMP-sialic acid. While the exact pathophysiology of GNE myopathy remains unknown, decreased sialic acid production and subsequent hyposialylation of muscle glycoproteins are thought to be key factors leading to muscle deterioration in GNE myopathy. This hypothesis is supported by prevention of disease after administration of oral N-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc) in mouse models of GNE myopathy. A first-in-human, Phase 1 single ascending dose study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of a single dose of 3, 6, or 10 g of oral ManNAc in subjects with GNE myopathy (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01634750; IND No.78,091). ManNAc was safe and well-tolerated in all subjects who participated in this study.

In this Phase 2, open-label, single-center study ManNAc will be administered orally to 12 subjects. The objectives of the study are to assess the long-term safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and biochemical efficacy of oral ManNAc in GNE myopathy subjects. In the first phase of pharmacokinetic assessment, two cohorts of 6 subjects will receive ManNAc at doses of 3 g twice a day (6 g per day) or 6 g twice a day (12 g per day) for 7 days to assess safety and PK. In the second phase of the study, all subjects will receive treatment with ManNAc at a dose of 6 g twice daily (12 g per day) for the remainder of the study. The study was extended to include follow-up evaluations at 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 months. During the 30 month visit, PK of 4 g three times daily was assessed. Biochemical efficacy was assessed by change in the sialylation of proteins at 3 months compared to baseline. To evaluate the effect of ManNAc on clinical measures of GNE myopathy, a battery of clinical assessments was performed at every visit to identify clinical endpoints suitable for subsequent clinical trials.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Phase 2 Study of ManNAc in Subjects With GNE Myopathy
Actual Study Start Date : February 5, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 15, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Cohort A
6 subjects on Cohort A will receive oral ManNAc 3 g twice daily (6 g/day) for 7 days and, if safe, continue on 6 g twice daily (12 g/day) for the remainder of the study.
Drug: ManNAc
At doses of 3 g and 6 g twice daily for a total dose of 6 and 12 g per day.

Active Comparator: Cohort B
6 subjects on Cohort B will receive oral ManNAc 6 g twice daily (12 g/day) for the duration of the study.
Drug: ManNAc
At doses of 6 g twice daily (12 g per day).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Area Under the Curve (AUClast) of Plasma ManNAc (Baseline-adjusted) [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The mean area under the plasma ManNAc concentration-versus time curve from time 0 (dosing) to the time of last quantifiable concentration.

  2. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of ManNAc (Baseline-adjusted) [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The maximum (or peak) plasma ManNAc concentration that the drug achieves in the body after the drug has been administrated.

  3. The Time to Cmax (Tmax) for ManNAc [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The time taken to achieve the maximum observed plasma concentration for ManNAc .

  4. Half-life (t ½) for ManNAc [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The amount of time it takes for plasma ManNAc concentration to decline by half.

  5. Mean Area Under the Curve (AUClast) of Plasma Neu5Ac (Baseline-adjusted) [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The mean area under the plasma Neu5Ac concentration-versus time curve from time 0 (dosing) to the time of last quantifiable concentration.

  6. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Neu5Ac (Baseline-adjusted) [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The maximum (or peak) plasma Neu5Ac concentration that the drug achieves in the body after the drug has been administrated.

  7. The Time to Cmax (Tmax) for Neu5Ac [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The time taken to achieve the maximum observed plasma concentration for Neu5Ac.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Subject is age 18-60 years, inclusive, and of either gender.
  • Subject has a diagnosis of GNE myopathy based upon a consistent clinical course and identification of two GNE gene mutations.
  • Subject must be willing to stop any treatment with ManNAc, sialic acid, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and/or other supplements containing sialic acid (e.g. St. John s wort, sialyllactose) 90 days prior to dosing and remain off such treatment for the duration of the trial.
  • Subjects must have a body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 30 kg/m2, with a bodyweight of >50 kg.
  • Subjects must have 20-75% of predicted strength measured by QMA at baseline on at least one of the following: 1) ankle dorsiflexion, 2) knee flexion, 3) hip extension, 4) grip, 5) elbow flexion, shoulder abduction

    • 20-75% of predicted strength measures by OMA at baseline, or
    • If predicted muscle strength above 75%, a documented change of at least 10% per year.
  • Subject has the ability to travel to the NIH Clinical Center for admissions.
  • Subject has an INR less than or equal to 1.5 and must have stopped warfarin and other anticoagulants 2 weeks prior and after muscle biopsy procedures. Aspirin and clopidogrel should be stopped 3 days and 5 days before the procedure, respectively.
  • Subject must be able to comply with requirements of the protocol, including blood collection, drug administration, muscle MRI/MRS, muscle biopsy and muscle strength assessments.
  • If a woman of reproductive age, subject must be willing to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial.
  • Subject must be able to provide informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Subject had a clinical significant infection or medical illness 30 days prior to the first protocol visit.
  • Subject has a psychiatric illness or neurological disease that would interfere with the ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol. This includes, but is not limited to, uncontrolled/untreated psychotic depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, substance abuse or dependence, antisocial personality disorder, panic disorder, or behavioral problems, which interfere with effective communication.
  • Subject has hepatic laboratory parameters (AST, ALT, GGTP) or renal laboratory parameters (creatinine, BUN) greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Subject has known adverse reactions to anesthetic or sedatives utilized for muscle biopsy.
  • Subject is anemic (defined as Hematocrit <30%) or has platelets <100,000 or white blood cell count less than 3,000.
  • Subject shows evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematological, metabolic, or gastrointestinal disease, or has a condition that requires immediate surgical intervention.
  • Subject is pregnant or breastfeeding at any time during the study.
  • Subject has received treatment with another investigational drug, investigational device, or approved therapy for investigational use less than 90 days prior to the first protocol visit.
  • Subject has hypersensitivity to ManNAc or in the judgment of the investigator, has a condition that places the subject at increased risk for adverse effects.
  • Subject has received ManNAc, sialic acid, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and/or other supplements containing sialic acid (e.g. St. John s wort, sialyllactose) less than 90 days prior to the first protocol visit.
  • The presence of persistent diarrhea or malabsorption that could interfere with the subject s ability to absorb drugs or to tolerate ManNAc therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02346461


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nuria Carrillo, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):

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Responsible Party: National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02346461    
Other Study ID Numbers: 150068
15-HG-0068
First Posted: January 27, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 16, 2019
Last Update Posted: April 16, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):
Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)
Sialic Acid (N-acetylneuraminic acid, Neu5Ac)
GNE Myopathy
N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc)
GNE Gene
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Diseases
Distal Myopathies
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Muscular Dystrophies
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn