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Preoperative Folfirinox for Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma - A Phase II Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02345460
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Competing studies)
First Posted : January 26, 2015
Results First Posted : July 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with pancreatic cancer before undergoing surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride, oxaliplatin, leucovorin calcium, and fluorouracil (FOLFIRINOX), work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Poorly Differentiated Malignant Neoplasm Resectable Pancreatic Cancer Stage IA Pancreatic Cancer Stage IB Pancreatic Cancer Stage IIA Pancreatic Cancer Stage IIB Pancreatic Cancer Stage III Pancreatic Cancer Undifferentiated Pancreatic Carcinoma Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Drug: Oxaliplatin Drug: Leucovorin Calcium Drug: Fluorouracil Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine feasibility of preoperative FOLFIRINOX for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine safety and toxicity of preoperative FOLFIRINOX. II. To determine response rate. III. To determine proportion achieving major pathologic response - per College of American Pathologists (CAP) criteria.

IV. To determine proportion achieving R0 resection. V. To determine perioperative (30-day) mortality. VI. To determine the role of cancer antigen (CA)19.9 as potential prognostic and/or predictive biomarker.

VII. To determine progression-free survival. VIII. To determine overall survival.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive FOLFIRINOX regimen comprising irinotecan hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes, oxaliplatin IV over 120 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV over 120 minutes, and fluorouracil IV over 1-2 minutes and then continuously over 46 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Preoperative Folfirinox for Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma - A Phase II Study
Study Start Date : September 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (FOLFIRINOX)
Patients receive FOLFIRINOX regimen comprising irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes, oxaliplatin IV over 120 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV over 120 minutes, and fluorouracil IV over 1-2 minutes and then continuously over 46 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Given IV

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV
Other Name: CF

Drug: Fluorouracil
Given IV

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients Undergoing Surgical Resection After Receiving at Least 4 of the 6 Courses of Preoperative Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Proportion will be estimated using a binomial test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time from enrollment to the earlier of death or disease progression. Will be estimated with Kaplan Meier curves.

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time from enrollment to death from any cause. Will be estimated with Kaplan Meier curves.

  3. Incidence of Toxicities Greater Than Grade 2, Using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after end of treatment or to the day prior to surgery ]
    Toxicity evaluation will be enumeration of all major toxicities, with proportions calculated for each.

  4. Response Rate Assessed Using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be calculated as a binary outcome. Exact 95% confidence intervals will be calculated for binary outcomes.

  5. Number of Participants Achieving Major Pathologic Response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be calculated as a binary outcome. Exact 95% confidence intervals will be calculated for binary outcomes.

  6. Number of Participants Achieving R0 Resection [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be calculated as a binary outcome. Exact 95% confidence intervals will be calculated for binary outcomes.

  7. Number of Participants Experiencing Perioperative (30-day) Mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Will be calculated as a binary outcome. Exact 95% confidence intervals will be calculated for binary outcomes.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed carcinoma of the pancreas; most cases will be adenocarcinoma; cases with "undifferentiated" or "poorly differentiated" carcinoma will also be eligible
  • There should be no evidence of metastatic disease on imaging of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis; this imaging should be either a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan, or a contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan; positron emission tomography (PET) scans alone will not be adequate alternatives; there should be no evidence of occult metastatic disease in the abdomen, confirmed by laparoscopic examination
  • The primary tumor must be resectable, defined as no involvement (abutment or encasement) of the major arteries (celiac, common hepatic, superior mesenteric) and interface between tumor and vessel (portal, superior mesenteric veins) wall to be less than 180 degrees of the circumference of the vessel wall; this should be confirmed by imaging of the abdomen, either by a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan, or a contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan; PET scans will not be adequate alternatives; for each patient, the resectability must be reviewed by one of the study surgeons
  • Patient must not have received any cancer-directed therapy (e.g., surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologic therapy) for the index diagnosis
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  • Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dl
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine within normal institutional limits, or creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (double-barrier method of birth control or abstinence) for the duration of study participation and for 6 months after completing chemotherapy; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform the treating physician immediately
  • Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Pre-existing peripheral neuropathy (grade I or higher)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02345460


Locations
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United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Davendra Sohal Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02345460     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE4214
NCI-2014-02277 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CASE4214 ( Other Identifier: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA043703 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 26, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 13, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Oxaliplatin
Irinotecan
Fluorouracil
Calcium
Levoleucovorin
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antidotes
Protective Agents