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A Comparison Study Between the Fixed Dose Triple Combination of Fluticasone Furoate/ Umeclidinium/ Vilanterol Trifenatate (FF/UMEC/VI) With Budesonide/Formoterol in Subjects With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02345161
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 26, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 15, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

This is a phase IIIa, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel group multicenter study evaluating once daily FF/UMEC/VI (100 microgram [mcg]/62.5 mcg/25 mcg) inhalation powder versus twice daily budesonide/formoterol (400 mcg/12 mcg). The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate improvements in lung function and health status for subjects treated with FF/UMEC/VI compared with budesonide/formoterol for 24 weeks. Once-daily 'closed' triple therapy of a Inhaled Corticosteroid/ Long-acting Muscarinic Receptor Antagonists/ Long Acting Beta-Agonist (ICS/LAMA/LABA) combination FF/UMEC/VI (100 mcg/62.5 mcg/25 mcg) in a single device is being developed with the aim of providing a new treatment option for the management of advanced (GOLD Group D) COPD which will reduce the exacerbation frequency, allow for a reduced burden of polypharmacy, convenience, and increase the potential for improvement in lung function, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and symptom control over established dual/monotherapies.

Subjects meeting all inclusion/exclusion criteria and who have successfully completed all protocol procedures at the Screening Visit will enter the two-week run-in period. Following the run-in period, eligible subjects will be randomised (1:1) to one of the following double-blind treatment groups: FF/UMEC/VI 100 mcg/62.5 mcg/25 mcg via the ELLIPTA™ dry powder inhaler (DPI) once daily in the morning and placebo via reservoir inhaler twice daily OR Budesonide/formoterol 400 mcg/12 mcg via reservoir inhaler twice daily and placebo via the ELLIPTA DPI once daily in the morning.

The target enrollment is 1800 randomised subjects at approximately 200 study centers globally. The total duration of subject participation will be approximately 27 weeks, consisting of a 2-week run-in period, 24-week treatment period and a 1-week follow-up period. Subjects will run-in on their existing COPD medications for 2 weeks and in addition will be provided with short acting albuterol/salbutamol to be used on an as-needed basis (rescue medication) throughout the study. Subjects will discontinue all existing COPD medications during the randomised treatment period but may continue their study supplied rescue albuterol/salbutamol. A sub-set of approximately 400 subjects will remain on blinded study treatment for up to a total of 52 weeks to provide additional long term safety data.

ELLIPTA and NUBULES are a trade marks of the GlaxoSmithKline Group of Companies. Other company or product names mentioned herein may be the property of their respective owners

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Drug: Triple FF/UMEC/VI Drug: Placebo to match FF/UMEC/VI Drug: Budesonide/Formoterol Drug: Placebo to match Budesonide/Formoterol combination Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1811 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, 24 Week, Randomized, Double Blind, Double Dummy, Parallel Group Study (With an Extension to 52 Weeks in a Subset of Subjects) Comparing the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of the Fixed Dose Triple Combination FF/UMEC/VI Administered Once Daily in the Morning Via a Dry Powder Inhaler With Budesonide/Formoterol 400mcg/12mcg Administered Twice-Daily Via a Reservoir Inhaler in Subjects With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Study Start Date : January 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: COPD Lung Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FF/UMEC/VI (100 mcg/62.5 mcg/25 mcg)
Each subject will inhale once from their ELLIPTA DPI and once from the reservoir inhaler in the morning and once from the reservoir inhaler in the evening, for 24 weeks (or 52 weeks for subjects participating in the extension part of the study). Subjects will receive FF/UMEC/VI (100mcg/62.5mcg/25mcg) via the ELLIPTA DPI and placebo via reservoir inhaler.
Drug: Triple FF/UMEC/VI
The combination will be provided as inhalation via an ELLIPTA DPI having 30 doses (2 strips with 30 blisters per strip). It will have 100 mcg of FF (blended with lactose) per blister, 62.5 mcg of UMEC (blended with lactose and magnesium stearate) per blister and 25 mcg of VI (blended with lactose) per blister.

Drug: Placebo to match FF/UMEC/VI
The placebo (Lactose) will be provided as inhalation via an ELLIPTA DPI having 30 doses (2 strips with 30 blisters per strip).

Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol
Albuterol/salbutamol will be available as an inhalation via metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with a spacer and will be issued for reversibility testing at Visit 1 Albuterol/salbutamol MDI or NEBULES™ for as needed (prn) use throughout the study will be provided starting at Visit 1.

Experimental: Budesonide/formoterol (400 mcg/12 mcg)
Each subject will inhale once from their ELLIPTA DPI and once from the reservoir inhaler in the morning and once from the reservoir inhaler in the evening, for 24 weeks (or 52 weeks for subjects participating in the extension part of the study). Subjects will receive Budesonide/formoterol (400mcg/12mcg) via reservoir inhaler and placebo via the ELLIPTA DPI.
Drug: Budesonide/Formoterol
The combination (400 mcg Budesonide/12 mcg Formoterol) will be provided as inhalation via TURBOHALER with 60 doses.

Drug: Placebo to match Budesonide/Formoterol combination
The placebo (Lactose) will be provided as inhalation via TURBOHALER with 60 doses.

Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol
Albuterol/salbutamol will be available as an inhalation via metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with a spacer and will be issued for reversibility testing at Visit 1 Albuterol/salbutamol MDI or NEBULES™ for as needed (prn) use throughout the study will be provided starting at Visit 1.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in trough Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV)1 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) and Week 24 ]
    FEV1 is a measure of lung function and is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. At least 3 acceptable spirometry efforts (with no more than 8) may be obtained. The largest FEV1 value among the 3 acceptable efforts will be recorded. Trough FEV1 on treatment at Week 24 is defined as the FEV1 values obtained prior to morning dose of investigational product. The Mixed Models Repeated Measures (MMRM) analysis for trough FEV1 will include. FEV1 measurements at Treatment Day 1 (baseline) and Treatment 24.

  2. Change from baseline St George's Respiratory Questionnaire-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (SGRQ-C) Total Score at Week 24. [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) and Week 24 ]
    The SGRQ-C is a disease-specific questionnaire designed to measure the impact of respiratory disease and its treatment on a COPD patient's HRQoL. The analysis for SGRQ total score will be done using MMRM and will include SGRQ total scores at Treatment Day 1 (baseline) and Treatment Day 24.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of on-treatment moderate and/or severe COPD exacerbations [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ]
    Annual rate of on-treatment moderate and severe exacerbations will be compared between FF/UMEC/VI and budesonide/formoterol. Moderate exacerbation is defined as worsening symptoms of COPD that require treatment with oral/systemic corticosteroids and/or antibiotics. Severe exacerbation will be defined as worsening symptoms of COPD that require treatment with in-patient hospitalization.

  2. Respiratory symptoms using Exacerbations of Chronic Pulmonary Disease Tool (EXACT) Respiratory Symptoms (RS) PRO and its subscales (breathlessness, cough and sputum and chest symptoms) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ]
    The EXACT-PRO is a 14 item patient reported outcome instrument designed to capture information on the occurrence, frequency, severity, and duration of exacerbations of disease in patients with COPD. The total score for EXACT-PRO ranges from 0-100. EXACT-RS consists of 11 items from the 14 item EXACT-PRO instrument. The EXACT-RS has a scoring range of 0-40. Three subscales of the EXACT-RS are used to describe different symptoms; dyspnoea, cough and sputum and chest symptoms.

  3. Transitional Dyspnea Index (TDI) focal score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 4 and Week 24 ]
    BDI is used to measure the severity of dyspnoea in patients at baseline. The TDI measures change in the patient's dyspnoea from baseline. The scores in both indexes depend on ratings for three different categories: functional impairment; magnitude of task; and magnitude of effort.

  4. Daily Activity Question [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ]
    Subjects will complete a question on daily activity limitation

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed Consent: A signed and dated written informed consent prior to study participation.
  • Type of subject: Outpatient.
  • Age: Subjects 40 years of age or older at Screening (Visit 1).
  • Gender: Male or female subjects. A female is eligible to enter and participate in the study if she is of: Non-child bearing potential (i.e. physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant, including any female who is post-menopausal or surgically sterile). Surgically sterile females are defined as those with a documented hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy or tubal ligation. Post-menopausal females are defined as being amenorrhoeic for greater than 1 year with an appropriate clinical profile, e.g. age appropriate, >45 years, in the absence of hormone replacement therapy. OR Child bearing potential, has a negative pregnancy test at screening, and agrees to one of the following acceptable contraceptive methods used consistently and correctly (i.e. in accordance with the approved product label and the instructions of the physician for the duration of the study - screening to safety follow-up contact): Abstinence, Oral Contraceptive, either combined or progestogen alone, Injectable progestogen, Implants of levonorgestrel, Estrogenic vaginal ring, Percutaneous contraceptive patches, Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS), Male partner sterilization (vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia) prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and this male is the sole partner for that subject. For this definition, "documented" refers to the outcome of the investigator's/designee's medical examination of the subject or review of the subject's medical history for study eligibility, as obtained via a verbal interview with the subject or from the subject's medical records.; Double barrier method: condom and an occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with a vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository)
  • COPD Diagnosis: An established clinical history of COPD in accordance with the definition by the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society.
  • Smoking History: Current or former cigarette smokers with a history of cigarette smoking of >10 pack-years at Screening (Visit 1) [number of pack years = (number of cigarettes per day / 20) x number of years smoked (e.g., 20 cigarettes per day for 10 years, or 10 cigarettes per day for 20 years)]. Previous smokers are defined as those who have stopped smoking for at least 6 months prior to Visit 1. Note: Pipe and/or cigar use cannot be used to calculate pack-year history.
  • Severity of COPD symptoms: A score of >=10 on the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) at Screening (Visit 1).
  • Severity of Disease: Subjects must demonstrate at Screening: <a post-bronchodilator FEV1 <50% predicted normal OR a post-bronchodilator FEV1 <80% predicted normal and a documented history of >=2 moderate exacerbations or one severe (hospitalized) exacerbation in the previous 12 months. Subjects must also have a measured post albuterol/salbutamol FEV1/FVC ratio of <0.70 at screening. Note: Percent predicted will be calculated using the European Respiratory Society Global Lung Function Initiative reference equations. Note: A documented history of a COPD exacerbation (e.g., medical record verification) is a medical record of worsening COPD symptoms that required systemic/oral corticosteroids and/or antibiotics (for a moderate exacerbation) or hospitalization (for a severe exacerbation). Prior use of antibiotics alone does not qualify as an exacerbation history unless the use was associated with treatment of worsening symptoms of COPD, such as increased dyspnoea, sputum volume, or sputum purulence (colour). Subject verbal reports are not acceptable.
  • Existing COPD maintenance treatment: Subject must be receiving daily maintenance treatment for their COPD for at least 3 months prior to Screening. Note: Subjects receiving only as required (PRN) COPD medications are not eligible.
  • Liver function tests: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <2x upper limit of normal (ULN); alkaline phosphatase <=1.5xULN; bilirubin <=1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5 x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy: Women who are pregnant or lactating or are planning on becoming pregnant during the study.
  • Asthma: Subjects with a current diagnosis of asthma. (Subjects with a prior history of asthma are eligible if they have a current diagnosis of COPD). Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency: Subjects with alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency as the underlying cause of COPD.
  • Other respiratory disorders: Subjects with active tuberculosis, lung cancer, significant bronchiectasis, sarcoidosis, lung fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, interstitial lung diseases or other active pulmonary diseases.
  • Lung resection: Subjects with lung volume reduction surgery within the 12 months prior to Screening.
  • Risk Factors for Pneumonia: immune suppression (e.g. Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], Lupus) or other risk factors for pneumonia (e.g. neurological disorders affecting control of the upper airway, such as Parkinson's Disease, Myasthenia Gravis). Subjects at potentially high risk (e.g. very low Body mass index [BMI], severely malnourished, or very low FEV1) will only be included at the discretion of the investigator.
  • Pneumonia and/or moderate or severe COPD exacerbation that has not resolved at least 14 days prior to Screening and at least 30 days following the last dose of oral/systemic corticosteroids (if applicable). In addition, any subject that experiences pneumonia and/or moderate or severe COPD exacerbation during the run-in period will be excluded.
  • Respiratory tract infection that has not resolved at least 7 days prior to Screening.
  • Abnormal Chest X-ray (CXR): Chest X-ray (posteroanterior and lateral) reveals evidence of pneumonia or a clinically significant abnormality not believed to be due to the presence of COPD, or another condition that would hinder the ability to detect an infiltrate on CXR (e.g. significant cardiomegaly, pleural effusion or scarring). All subjects will have a CXR at Screening Visit 1) (or historical radiograph or Computed Tomography [CT] scan obtained within 3 months prior to screening) that will be over-read by a central vendor. Note: Subjects who have experienced pneumonia and/or moderate or severe COPD exacerbation within 3 months of screening must provide a post pneumonia/exacerbation CXR to be over-read by the central vendor or have a CXR conducted at Screening. For sites in Germany: If a chest x-ray (or CT scan) within 3 months prior to Screening (Visit 1) is not available, approval to conduct a diagnostic CXR will need to be obtained from the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS).
  • Other diseases/abnormalities: Subjects with historical or current evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, renal, hepatic, immunological, gastrointestinal, urogenital, nervous system, musculoskeletal, skin, sensory, endocrine (including uncontrolled diabetes or thyroid disease) or haematological abnormalities that are uncontrolled. Significant is defined as any disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would put the safety of the subject at risk through participation, or which would affect the efficacy or safety analysis if the disease/condition exacerbated during the study. For subjects taking part in the physical activity monitor subset: Orthopaedic, neurological or other complaints that significantly impair normal biomechanical movement patterns and limit the ability to walk/cycle, as judged by the Investigator.
  • Unstable liver disease as defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminaemia, esophageal or gastric varices or persistent jaundice, cirrhosis, known biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones). Note: Chronic stable hepatitis B and C are acceptable if the subject otherwise meets entry criteria.
  • Unstable or life threatening cardiac disease: subjects with any of the following at Screening (Visit 1) would be excluded: Myocardial infarction or unstable angina in the last 6 months; Unstable or life threatening cardiac arrhythmia requiring intervention in the last 3 months; New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV Heart failure
  • Abnormal and clinically significant 12-Lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) finding: Investigators will be provided with ECG reviews conducted by a centralized independent cardiologist to assist in evaluation of subject eligibility. The Principal Investigator (PI) will determine the clinical significance of each abnormal ECG finding in relation to the subject's medical history and exclude subjects who would be at undue risk by participating in the trial. An abnormal and clinically significant finding that would preclude a subject from entering the trial is defined as a 12-lead tracing that is interpreted as, but not limited to, any of the following: Atrial fibrillation (AF) with rapid ventricular rate >120 Beats Per Minute (BPM); sustained or non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT); Second degree heart block Mobitz type II and third degree heart block (unless pacemaker or defibrillator had been inserted); QT interval corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >=500 milliseconds (msec) in subjects with QRS <120 msec and QTcF >=530 msec in subjects with QRS >=120 msec.
  • Contraindications: A history of allergy or hypersensitivity to any corticosteroid, anticholinergic/muscarinic receptor antagonist, beta2-agonist, lactose/milk protein or magnesium stearate or a medical condition such as narrow-angle glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy or bladder neck obstruction that, in the opinion of the Investigator, contraindicates study participation.
  • Cancer: Subjects with carcinoma that has not been in complete remission for at least 5 years. Subjects who have had carcinoma in situ of the cervix, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma of the skin would not be excluded based on the 5 year waiting period if the subject has been considered cured by treatment.
  • Oxygen therapy: Use of long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) described as resting oxygen therapy >3litres/minute (L/min) (Oxygen use <=3L/min flow is not exclusionary.)
  • Medication prior to spirometry: Subjects who are medically unable to withhold their albuterol/salbutamol for the 4-hour period required prior to spirometry testing at each study visit.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation: Subjects who have participated in the acute phase of a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program within 4 weeks prior to Screening or subjects who plan to enter the acute phase of a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program during the study. Subjects who are in the maintenance phase of a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program are not excluded.
  • Drug/alcohol abuse: Subjects with a known or suspected history of alcohol or drug abuse within the last 2 years.
  • Non-compliance: Subjects at risk of non-compliance, or unable to comply with the study procedures. Any infirmity, disability, or geographic location that would limit compliance for scheduled visits.
  • Questionable validity of consent: Subjects with a history of psychiatric disease, intellectual deficiency, poor motivation or other conditions that will limit the validity of informed consent to participate in the study.
  • Affiliation with investigator site: study investigators, sub-investigators, study coordinators, employees of a participating investigator or study site, or immediate family members of the aforementioned that is involved with this study.
  • Inability to read: In the opinion of the investigator, any subject who is unable to read and/or would not be able to complete study related materials.
  • Medication prior to screening: No use of the following medications within the following time intervals prior to Screening or during the study. Long term antibiotic therapy: Subjects receiving antibiotics for long term therapy are not eligible for the study (Antibiotics are allowed for the short term treatment of an exacerbation or for short term treatment of other acute infections); Systemic, Oral, parenteral corticosteroids: 30 days (Except during the study oral/systemic corticosteroids may be used to treat COPD exacerbations/pneumonia). Intra-articular injections are allowed. Any other investigational drug: 30 days or 5 half lives whichever is longer.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02345161

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline Identifier: NCT02345161     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 116853
First Posted: January 26, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 15, 2016
Last Verified: November 2016

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Triple Therapy
Fluticasone Furoate
Lung Function

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Chronic Disease
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Formoterol Fumarate
Budesonide, Formoterol Fumarate Drug Combination
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Anti-Allergic Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists