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Trial record 26 of 35 for:    "sudden infant death"

Optimizing Technology-Delivered Interventions for Smoking in Pregnancy: The Mommy Check-Up Study.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02340624
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2015 by Elena Bronshtein, Wayne State University.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 16, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 16, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elena Bronshtein, Wayne State University

Brief Summary:

Tobacco smoking in pregnancy remains one of the most important and preventable cause of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Data from National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) suggests, that the annual average rates of current cigarette use among women aged 15 to 44 who were not pregnant decreased from 30.7 percent in 2002-2003 to 24.0 percent in 2012-2013. However, the prevalence of cigarette use among pregnant women in this age range did not change significantly during the same time period (18.0 percent in 2002-2003 and 15.4 percent in 2012-2013)Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy and nursing causes considerable health damage to the fetus and to the infant during the initial growth phase. An estimated 19.8 million women in the United States smoke. Nationally, 23 percent of women report smoking in the 3 months before pregnancy, while 13 percent report smoking in the last 3 months of pregnancy. Overwhelming evidence suggests that maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with an adverse pregnancy outcomes including IUGR, placenta previa, abruption placentae, preterm premature rupture of membranes, low birth weight, perinatal mortality, intrapartum stillbirth and ectopic pregnancy. Moreover, prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke also increases risk of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the offspring.Children born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy are at increased risk of asthma, infantile colic, and childhood obesity.

Brief interventions are shown to be associated with small but clear increases in smoking cessation in pregnancy, but are rarely used. Technology may fill this void. For the present study, pregnant women reporting smoking during pregnancy will be recruited and randomly assigned to one of eight combinations of three technology-delivered intervention approaches: Brief intervention, Quitline referral, and "SmokeFreeMoms" text messages (http://women.smokefree.gov/smokefreemom.aspx).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tobacco Use Cessation Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The study will be introduced to pregnant smokers age 18-45 by clinic staff at the DMC prenatal care clinic located at the University Health Center, or at a UPG prenatal care clinic. Medical staff will give potential participants a flyer briefly describing the study and providing a link to a website (www.mommycheckup.net). Participants who meet all inclusions and exclusion criteria and pass the quiz will be randomized to one of the eight possible combinations of the three different interventions: Brief intervention, SmokeFreeMoms texting, or Quitline referral. This use of a factorial design to examine the relative efficacy of various intervention components is consistent with the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (the MOST) approach. Follow-up evaluation will take place at 4 weeks, and will have two elements, one computer- or mobile device-based and the other involving provision of a saliva/urine and breath sample. These will be done separately (if the participant does the online version remotely) or together (if the participant does the online component while providing the samples). Online follow-up: Participants will be sent a link to the online system, through which they will be asked about smoking. The clinic follow-up assessment will be performed at the next clinic visit. All participants will be asked to provide a urine sample (to be tested for cotinine, a biomarker of cigarette smoking) and a breath sample (to be tested for carbon monoxide level).

Data will be analyzed using a 2 (brief intervention yes vs. no)) X 2 (texting referral yes-no) X 2 (quitline referral yes-no) ANCOVA (controlling for baseline smoking) test with a power of 75%, α=0.05, and 200 patients will be required for this study. The information will be analyzed using SPSS. We will examine main effects for each of the three factors. Based on an incidence of tobacco smoke in pregnancy, the total recruitment will take 3-4 months.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Optimizing Technology-Delivered Interventions for Smoking in Pregnancy: The Mommy Check-Up Study.
Study Start Date : January 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Smoking

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control group
No intervention(control group)
Experimental: condition 2
Intervention:Smokefreemoms texting
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.

Experimental: condition 3
Intervention: Quitline referral
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.

Experimental: condition 4
Intervention:Smokefreemoms texting and quitline referral
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.

Experimental: condition 5
Intervention: Brief intervention
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.

Experimental: condition 6
Intervention:Smokefreemoms texting and Brief intervention
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.

Experimental: condition 7
Intervention: Quitline referral and Brief intervention
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.

Experimental: condition 8
Intervention:Smokefreemoms texting, Quitline referral and Brief intervention
Behavioral: Referral to SmokeFreeMoms, Quitline or Brief intervention
  1. SmokeFreeMom is a mobile text messaging service designed for pregnant women across the United States to help them quit smoking. The program provides 24/7 encouragement, advice, and tips to help pregnant women and mothers quit smoking and stay quit.
  2. The 1-800 QuitLine provides smoking cessation services to Michigan residents who want to quit using tobacco. The Quit Line offers a personal health coach and participant toolkits to help tobacco users gain confidence and motivation they need to quit for good.
  3. Computer-delivered 5As (CD-5As) brief intervention The software platform to be used for this study features an interactive three-dimensional narrator, clear and relevant graphics, and aura;Participants use headphones for privacy while working with the computer.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Abstinence from smoking [ Time Frame: Seven-day point-prevalence ]
    To compare the effects on smoking of an online brief intervention to those of referral to a free online text messaging intervention, and to those of free phone counseling through the Michigan Quitline.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women age 18-45, at less than 30 weeks gestation, who smoke daily, have access to a mobile device and are willing to accept text messages.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • not having access to a mobile device with a texting plan.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02340624


Contacts
Contact: Elena Bronshtein, MD 313-577-4021 ebronsht@med.wayne.edu
Contact: Steven Ondersma, PhD 313-444-9797 s.ondersma@wayne.edu

Locations
United States, Michigan
DMC
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wayne State University
Investigators
Study Director: Robert Sokol, MD WSU

Publications:
Kleijer ME, Dekker GA, Heard AR. Risk factors for intrauterine growth restriction in a socio-economically disadvantaged region. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstet. 2005;18(1):23-30. Epub 2005/08/18. Hammoud AO, Bujold E, Sorokin Y, Schild C, Krapp M, Baumann P. Smoking in pregnancy revisited: findings from a large population-based study. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2005;192(6):1856-62; discussion 62-3. Epub 2005/06/23.

Responsible Party: Elena Bronshtein, MFM Fellow, Wayne State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02340624     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WayneSU
First Posted: January 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2015
Last Verified: January 2015