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Selinexor Treatment of Refractory Myeloma (STORM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02336815
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 13, 2015
Results First Posted : August 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 2b, single-arm, open-label, multicenter study of selinexor 80 mg plus dexamethasone 20 mg (Sd) dosed twice weekly in four-week cycles, in patients with penta-refractory MM (Parts 1 and 2) or quad refractory MM (Part 1 only).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Selinexor Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 2b, single-arm, open-label, multicenter study of selinexor 80 mg plus dexamethasone 20 mg (Sd), both dosed twice weekly in each four-week cycle, in patients with MM previously treated with lenalidomide, pomalidomide, bortezomib, carfilzomib, and daratumumab and refractory to prior treatment with glucocorticoids, an immunomodulatory agent (IMiD), a proteasome inhibitor (PI), and daratumumab.

This study consists of two parts:

  • Part 1 enrolled patients with both quad-refractory MM and penta-refractory MM.
  • Part 2 will enroll patients with penta-refractory MM only.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 202 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2b, Open-Label, Single-Arm Study of Selinexor (KPT-330) Plus Low-Dose Dexamethasone (Sd) in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Previously Treated With Lenalidomide, Pomalidomide, Bortezomib, Carfilzomib, and an Anti-CD38 Monoclonal Antibody (mAb) Daratumumab, and Refractory to Prior Treatment With Glucocorticoids, an Immunomodulatory Agent, a Proteasome Inhibitor, and an the Anti-CD38 mAb Daratumumab
Actual Study Start Date : May 26, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 26, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 26, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1
Participants with quad-exposed, double-class-refractory (i.e. previously treated with lenalidomide, pomalidomide, bortezomib, carfilzomib, but not an anti-CD38 mab) and penta-exposed, triple-class-refractory multiple myeloma (MM) (i.e. previously treated with lenalidomide, pomalidomide, bortezomib, carfilzomib, and daratumumab, and refractory to prior treatment with glucocorticoids, an immunomodulatory agent (IMiD), a proteasome inhibitor (PI), and the anti-CD38 mAb daratumumab) received, two dosing schedules (1) Selinexor 80 milligrams (mg) plus low-dose dexamethasone 20 mg (Sd) twice-weekly on Days 1 and 3 for 3 weeks of each 4-week cycle (2) Selinexor 80 mg plus low-dose dexamethasone 20 mg (Sd) twice-weekly continuously in 4-week cycles; until disease progression, death, or unacceptable toxicity (maximum duration of approximately 13 months).
Drug: Selinexor
Fixed oral dose of 80 mg twice weekly (e.g., Monday and Wednesday or Tuesday and Thursday, etc.)
Other Name: KPT-330

Drug: Dexamethasone
20 mg was given with each dose of Selinexor.

Experimental: Part 2
Participants who previously had received more than 3 anti-MM regimens and had penta-exposed, triple class-refractory MM (i.e. previously treated with lenalidomide, pomalidomide, bortezomib, carfilzomib, and daratumumab, and refractory to prior treatment with glucocorticoids, an IMiD, a PI, and the anti-CD38 mAb daratumumab) received, Selinexor 80 mg post oral (PO) plus low-dose dexamethasone 20 mg Sd twice-weekly on Days 1 and 3 until disease progression, death, or unacceptable toxicity (maximum duration of approximately 17 months).
Drug: Selinexor
Fixed oral dose of 80 mg twice weekly (e.g., Monday and Wednesday or Tuesday and Thursday, etc.)
Other Name: KPT-330

Drug: Dexamethasone
20 mg was given with each dose of Selinexor.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With Overall Response Rate (ORR) Per International MyelomaWorking Group (IMWG) as Assessed by an Independent Review Committee (IRC) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression/discontinuation from the study, or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    IRC assessed ORR per 2016 IMWG criteria: Percentage of participants who experienced Partial response (PR): greater than or equal to (>=) 50 percent (%) reduction of serum M-Protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >= 90% or to lesser than (<) 200 mg per 24 hours; Very good partial response (VGPR): Serum and urine M-protein detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis or 90% or greater reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level < 100 mg per 24 hours; Complete response (CR): Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and lesser than or equal to (<=) 5% plasma cells in bone marrow; or stringent complete response (sCR): CR as defined+Normal free light chain (FLC) ratio+Absence of clonal cells in bone marrow biopsy by immunohistochemistry).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 1: Duration of Response (DoR) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: First response subsequently confirmed to disease progression/discontinuation from the study, or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 13 months) ]
    IRC assessed DoR per 2016 IMWG criteria: time (in months) from the first documentation of objective response (confirmed CR or PR) to the date of first documentation of progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause. Partial response (PR): >= 50% reduction of serum M-Protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >= 90% or to < 200 mg per 24 hours; Complete response (CR): Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <= 5% plasma cells in bone marrow; Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 gram per deciliter (g/dL); Serum M-protein increase >= 1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >=5 g/dL; Urine M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg per 24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  2. Part 2: Duration of Response (DoR) Per IMWG as Assessed by an IRC [ Time Frame: First response subsequently confirmed to disease progression/discontinuation from the study, or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    IRC assessed DoR per 2016 IMWG criteria: time (in months) from the first documentation of objective response (confirmed CR or PR) to the date of first documentation of progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause. Partial response (PR): >= 50% reduction of serum M-Protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >= 90% or to < 200 mg per 24 hours; Complete response (CR): Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <= 5% plasma cells in bone marrow; Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >= 1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >= 5 g/dL; Urine M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg per 24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Part 1: Percentage of Participants With Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) ) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: Baseline up to a maximum of 13 months ]
    IRC assessed CBR per 2016 IMWG criteria: Percentage of participants with a confirmed minimal response (MR) or better (PR, VGPR, CR or sCR) before confirmed disease progression or initiating new MM treatment. Minimal response (MR): >= 25% but < 49% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by 50-89%. Partial response (PR): >= 50% reduction of serum M-Protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >= 90% or to < 200 mg per 24 hours; Very good partial response (VGPR): Serum and urine M-protein detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis or 90% or greater reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level < 100 mg per 24 hours; Complete response (CR): Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <= 5% plasma cells in bone marrow; or stringent complete response (sCR): CR as defined+Normal free light chain (FLC) ratio+Absence of clonal cells by immunohistochemistry).

  4. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: Baseline up to a maximum of 17 months ]
    IRC assessed CBR per 2016 IMWG criteria: Percentage of participants with a confirmed minimal response (MR) or better (PR, VGPR, CR or sCR) before confirmed disease progression or initiating new MM treatment. Minimal response (MR): >= 25% but < 49% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by 50-89%. Partial response (PR): >= 50% reduction of serum M-Protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >= 90% or to < 200 mg per 24 hours; Very good partial response (VGPR): Serum and urine M-protein detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis or 90% or greater reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level < 100 mg per 24 hours; Complete response (CR): Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <= 5% plasma cells in bone marrow; or stringent complete response (sCR): CR as defined+Normal free light chain (FLC) ratio+Absence of clonal cells by immunohistochemistry).

  5. Part 1: Duration of Clinical Benefit Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: First response subsequently confirmed to disease progression, or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 13 months) ]
    IRC assessed duration of clinical benefit per 2016 IMWG criteria: Duration from first response (at least MR) to time of IRC-determined PD or death due to disease progression, whichever occurs first. Minimal response (MR): >= 25% but < 49% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by 50-89%. Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >= 1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >=5 g/dL; Urinary M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg per 24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  6. Part 2: Duration of Clinical Benefit Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: First response subsequently confirmed to disease progression, or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    IRC assessed duration of clinical benefit per 2016 IMWG criteria: Duration from first response (at least MR) to time of IRC-determined PD or death due to disease progression, whichever occurs first. Minimal response (MR): >= 25% but < 49% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by 50-89%. Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >= 1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >=5 g/dL; Urinary M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg per 24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  7. Part 2: Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Every 12 weeks until progressive disease or death due to any cause, up to 17 months ]
    DCR was defined as the percentage of participants who achieved stable disease (SD) or better (MR, PR, VGPR, CR, sCR) for a minimum of 12 weeks. Stable disease (SD): Not recommended for use as an indicator of response; stability of disease was best described by providing the time to progression (TTP) estimates. MR: >= 25% but < 49% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by 50-89%. PR: >=50% reduction of serum M-Protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >= 90% or to < 200 mg per 24 hours; VGPR: Serum and urine M-protein detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis or 90% or greater reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level < 100 mg per 24 hours; CR: Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <= 5% plasma cells in bone marrow; or sCR: CR as defined+Normal FLC ratio+Absence of clonal cells by immunohistochemistry).

  8. Part 1: Progression Free Survival (PFS) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to progression of disease or discontinuation from the study or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 13 months) ]
    IRC assessed PFS per 2016 IMWG criteria: Duration from start of study treatment until IRC-determined progressive disease (PD) or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >=1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >= 5 g/dL; Urinary M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg/24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  9. Part 2: Progression Free Survival (PFS) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to progression of disease or discontinuation from the study or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    IRC assessed PFS per 2016 IMWG criteria: Duration from start of study treatment until IRC-determined progressive disease (PD) or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >=1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >= 5 g/dL; Urinary M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg/24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  10. Part 1: Time to Progression (TTP) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to progression of disease or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 13 months) ]
    IRC assessed TTP per 2016 IMWG criteria: Duration from start of study treatment until PD or death due to PD (per IRC), whichever occurred first. Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >=1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >= 5 g/dL; Urinary M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg/24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  11. Part 2: Time to Progression (TTP) Per IMWG as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to progression of disease or death, whichever occurred first (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    IRC assessed TTP per 2016 IMWG criteria: Duration from start of study treatment until PD or death due to PD (per IRC), whichever occurred first. Progressive disease (PD): Increase of 25% from lowest confirmed response value in 1 or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein with absolute increase of >= 0.5 g/dL; Serum M-protein increase >=1 g/dL if the lowest M-component was >= 5 g/dL; Urinary M-protein (absolute increase must be >= 200 mg/24 hours). Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  12. Part 1: Time to Next Treatment (TTNT) [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to start of next anti-MM treatment or death due to disease progression, whichever occurs first (maximum duration of 13 months) ]
    TTNT was defined as the duration from start of study treatment to start of next anti-MM treatment or death due to disease progression, whichever occurred first. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  13. Part 2: Time to Next Treatment (TTNT) [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to start of next anti-MM treatment or death due to disease progression, whichever occurs first (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    TTNT was defined as the duration from start of study treatment to start of next anti-MM treatment or death due to disease progression, whichever occurred first. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  14. Part 1: Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to death (maximum duration of 13 months) ]
    OS was defined as the duration (in months) from start of study treatment to death from any cause. Participants last known to be alive were censored at the date of discontinuation from the study, or database cut date, whichever was earlier. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  15. Part 2: Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to death (maximum duration of 17 months) ]
    OS was defined as the duration (in months) from start of study treatment to death from any cause. Participants last known to be alive were censored at the date of discontinuation from the study, or database cut date, whichever was earlier. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  16. Part 2: Change From Baseline in Health-related Quality of Life (HRQL) Score Based on Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Multiple Myeloma (FACT-MM) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycle 2 to Cycle 20 (up to a maximum of 17 months) ]
    FACT-MM combines the general version of the FACT (FACT-G) with a MM-specific sub-scale (14 items). The sub-scales for the FACT-G are Physical Well-Being (7 items), Social/Family Well-Being (7 items), Emotional Well-Being (6 items), and Functional Well-Being (7 items). The trial outcomes index (TOI); total of 41 items) is the primary measurement of interest, comprised of the Physical and Functional sub-scales plus the MM-specific sub-scale. Each item is rated on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 0 ("Not at all") to 4 ("Very much"), therefore the TOI has a score ranging from 0 to 120. Higher scores indicated improvement in well being.

  17. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) of Grade 3/4, Graded Based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria (NCI-CTCAE), Version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Baseline to 30 days after last dose of study treatment (maximum duration of 18 months) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. As per NCI-CTCAE version 4.03, Grade 1: asymptomatic or mild symptoms, clinical or diagnostic observations only, intervention not indicated; Grade 2: moderate, minimal, local or noninvasive intervention indicated, limiting age-appropriate instrumental activities of daily life (ADL); Grade 3: severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening, hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization indicated, disabling, limiting self-care ADL; Grade 4: life-threatening consequence, urgent intervention indicated; Grade 5: death related to AE. Treatment-emergent events are events between first dose of study drug and up to last dose of study treatment + 30 days (inclusive) that were absent before treatment or that worsened relative to pre-treatment state.

  18. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Treatment-Related Adverse Events (TEAEs) of Grade 3/4, Graded Based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria (NCI-CTCAE), Version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Baseline to 30 days after last dose of study treatment (maximum duration of 18 months) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. As per NCI-CTCAE version 4.03, Grade 1: asymptomatic or mild symptoms, clinical or diagnostic observations only, intervention not indicated; Grade 2: moderate, minimal, local or noninvasive intervention indicated, limiting age-appropriate instrumental activities of daily life (ADL); Grade 3: severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening, hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization indicated, disabling, limiting self-care ADL; Grade 4: life-threatening consequence, urgent intervention indicated; Grade 5: death related to AE. A treatment related AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a product or medical device; the event had a causal relationship with the treatment or usage.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Measurable MM based on modified IMWG guidelines. Defined by at least one of the following:

  1. Serum M-protein ≥ 0.5 g/dL by serum electrophoresis (SPEP) or for IgA myeloma, by quantitative IgA
  2. Urinary M-protein excretion ≥ 200 mg/24 hours
  3. Free Light Chain (FLC) ≥ 100 mg/L, provided that the FLC ratio is abnormal
  4. If serum protein electrophoresis is felt to be unreliable for routine M-protein measurement, then quantitative Ig levels by nephelometry or turbidimetry are acceptable

    • Must have previously received ≥ 3 anti-MM regimens including: an alkylating agent, lenalidomide, pomalidomide, bortezomib, carfilzomib, daratumumab, and a glucocorticoid. There is no upper limit on the number of prior therapies provided that all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met.
    • MM refractory to previous treatment with one or more glucocorticoids, parenteral PI (i.e., bortezomib and/or carfilzomib), IMiD (i.e., lenalidomide and/or pomalidomide), and the anti-CD38 mAb, daratumumab. Refractory is defined as ≤ 25% response to therapy, or progression during therapy or progression within 60 days after completion of therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active smoldering MM.
  • Active plasma cell leukemia.
  • Documented systemic amyloid light chain amyloidosis.
  • Active CNS MM.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02336815


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Jatin Shah Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 13, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 9, 2018

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02336815    
Other Study ID Numbers: KCP-330-012
First Posted: January 13, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 13, 2020
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Keywords provided by Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc:
KPT-330
Selinexor
STORM
Multiple myeloma
Karyopharm
Refractory
Bortezomib
Carfilzomib
Lenalidomide
Pomalidomide
Dexamethasone
Daratumumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents