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NHALES (Natural History of Asthma With Longitudinal Environmental Sampling)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02327897
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 31, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) )

Brief Summary:


- Asthma is a serious clinical and public health problem. Researchers want to collect data to better understand how bacteria and other things in the environment can affect people's asthma.


- Nonsmoking adults age 18 - 60 who have moderate to severe asthma and are not pregnant or breastfeeding.


  • Partaicipants will complete a medical history form before the first visit.
  • Study visits will include collecting medical history, and conducting physical exam, lung and smoking tests. Participants will give blood, urine, stool, dust, saliva, and sputum samples.
  • Participants will take tests that measure their breathing abilities. They will give saliva samples for DNA study. They will get kits to collect stool and dust samples at home. They will fill out surveys.
  • Participants will have visits every 6 months for 5 years. They can schedule sick visits, if needed, at no cost to the participant. For all visits, they will have asthma check-ups and get treatment, at no cost to the participant.
  • Some participants may take part in a sub-study that includes one 4-hour visit. They will have medical history, physical exam, and lung tests. They will have urine tests to check for pregnancy and tobacco exposure. Then they will have bronchoscopy. For this, an intravenous line will be placed in an arm vein. The nose and throat will be numbed. A flexible fiber-optic tube will be inserted into their airways through the nose. Their airways will be examined and areas of their lung will be washed. A small sample of cells will be taken.

Condition or disease

Detailed Description:

This study will be a prospective, longitudinal, observational, single-center, exploratory, natural history study to collect samples and data that will enable prospective explorations of the interaction between environmental exposures and disease progression over time in moderate-severe atopic asthmatics with persistent disease, and facilitate the formation of mechanistic hypotheses. Environmental and body microbiome samples will be collected and stored from participants for future correlation to effects on asthma symptoms and control.

Samples of blood, urine, DNA, saliva, sputum, stool, and household dust will be collected from approximately 200 participants, as well as quality of life information using asthma symptom questionnaires and, if consented, through the use of home devices. Additionally, samples will be collected from the airways of participants enrolled in the bronchoscopy visit. The samples and survey information collected may be used to explore the microbiological and genetic influences of atopic asthma. Data from the analyses of these samples and survey responses may be evaluated in the context of the environmental exposures, clinical outcomes (symptoms, exacerbations, and quality of life), and response to therapy.

Male and female participants aged 18 to 60 years old with moderate-severe, symptomatic atopic asthma will be enrolled. Participants will be excluded from enrollment if they have a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, emphysema, sarcoidosis, or unstable angina. Additionally, participants will be excluded if they have DVT, pulmonary

embolism, class III - IV congestive heart failure, or a malignancy under treatment. Current smokers, and individuals who are allergic to methacholine will not be eligible to enroll. Participants will be enrolled for five years and will receive standard of care asthma therapy as indicated. After the initial screening and baseline visits, participants will return for visits semi-annually and for sick visits as needed. Volunteers participating in the bronchoscopy visit will have an additional single visit after completing the baseline visit.

This cohort of 200 participants will form the basis for future asthma study recruitment, and analysis of collected samples and data. Further expansion of the study beyond five years and 200 participants will be desirable if logistically possible.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 400 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Natural History of Asthma With Longitudinal Environmental Sampling
Actual Study Start Date : September 10, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2030
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 1, 2030

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The overall goal is to study the natural history of atopic asthma, focusing on moderate to severe asthma. The primary objective is to collect prospective data and samples for future use to better understand the interaction between environmental ... [ Time Frame: End of Study ]
    Results will be evaluated in the context of the environmental exposures, clinical outcomes (symptoms, exacerbations, and quality of life), and response to therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants will be recruited from the population at large, including asthmatic participants who visit the CRU for on-going studies. Participants who have successfully completed other CRU studies may be recruited directly for this study. The study will be registered on clinicaltrials.gov. Local public health departments and other clinics may be contacted for help with recruitment of individuals with moderate to severe atopic asthma. In addition, if needed, the study may be advertised in local media outlets.
  • Inclusion Criteria

Participants must meet all of the following criteria for enrollment:

  • Male or female, 18 to 60 years of age
  • Must have clinical evidence of moderate-severe atopic asthma:

    • self-reported symptoms suggestive of asthma (such as wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, cough nocturnal symptoms)

within the past year, and

--*a positive methacholine test confirming diagnosis [provocative concentration causing a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (PC20 FEV1) <16 mg/mL for participants on inhaled corticosteroids and <8 mg/mL for participants not on inhaled corticosteroids] or postbronchodilator FEV1 with at least 12% or 200 mL increase in FEV1 or forced volume vital capacity (FVC) on bronchodilator challenge, and

--no other diagnosis that could explain symptoms.

If there is documentation of a recent methacholine challenge, those results may be used in lieu of conducting a secondary methacholine challenge.

  • Permanently resides within 50 miles of the CRU.
  • Able to present a valid government issued form of identification for entry to the NIEHS campus
  • Able to receive asthma treatment medication(s) via mail
  • Willingness to comply with instructions regarding medication regimen, diet, and life style as directed by the investigator that are required per protocol
  • Access to a vacuum cleaner with a detachable hose component

    • If a woman is found to be pregnant or breastfeeding at the screening or baseline visit, they may continue their participation in the study but will be excluded from participation in the methacholine challenge and bronchoscopy procedures in this study while pregnant.

Bronchoscopy Visit Inclusion Criterion

In addition to the above inclusion criteria, participants must be able to fast for 6 hours (no food or drink, except a small amount of water if needed to take approved medications) prior to the bronchoscopy visit in order to be eligible for enrollment in the bronchoscopy visit.

Exclusion Criteria

Participants meeting any of the following criteria at screening will not be eligible for enrollment or to continue with study visits:

  • Current smoker, significant second-hand smoke exposure (defined by urine cotinine >200 ng/mL at screening), or a history of smoking greater than 5 pack years. Smoking encompasses all inhaled products, including e-cigarettes.
  • piCO Smokealyzer value of >11ppm
  • History of the following comorbidities: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis (CF), emphysema, non-CF bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, unstable angina, pulmonary hypertension
  • Allergy or history of adverse reactions to methacholine
  • Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the participant at undue risk for complications associated with required study procedures
  • Comorbid diseases that affect global health or survival- such as DVT, pulmonary embolism, class III - IV congestive heart failure, or a malignancy under treatment

Bronchoscopy Visit Exclusion Criteria

In addition to the above exclusion criteria, participants meeting any of the following criteria will not be eligible for enrollment into the bronchoscopy visit:

  • Pregnancy, as indicated by urine pregnancy test, if of childbearing age and/or ability contraindication
  • Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the participant at undue risk for complications associated with bronchoscopy
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Facial deformity, major facial surgery
  • Asthma exacerbation or respiratory infection less than or equal to 4 weeks prior to study visit
  • Severe persistent asthma, defined as by ATS-ERS criteria.
  • Allergy or history of adverse reactions to lidocaine
  • Temperature >37.6 (Infinite)C; blood pressure <90/50 mm Hg or >160/100 mm Hg; pulse rate <50 or >100 beats/minute
  • Body weight <50 kg (<110 lbs)
  • The following abnormal lab values (values obtained during clinical assessment):

    • Platelet count <100,000 per microliters
    • White blood cells count <3000 per microliters
    • Absolute neutrophil count <1000 per microliters
    • Hematocrit <35% for both female and male
    • Prothrombin time (PT) / abnormal international normalized ratio (INR) and partial prothromboplastin time (PTT) based on reference laboratory established reference ranges
    • Serum creatinine >1.4 mg/dL

If a participant is recruited for the Bronchoscopy Visit but does not have current lab values (within 4 weeks), the participant may be asked to return to the CRU for an additional blood draw in order to run the requisite clinical assessments for safety purposes. The participant will be compensated for the additional visit. This is anticipated to be a rare occurrence, as the study team will make all efforts to schedule and complete the bronchoscopy procedure while the lab results are current.

Participants with active bronchospasm on the day of the bronchoscopy will not undergo bronchoscopy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02327897

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Contact: NIEHS Join A Study Recruitment Group (855) 696-4347 myniehs@nih.gov
Contact: Stavros Garantziotis, M.D. (984) 287-4412 garantziotis@mail.nih.gov

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United States, North Carolina
NIEHS Clinical Research Unit (CRU) Recruiting
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
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Principal Investigator: Stavros Garantziotis, M.D. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02327897    
Other Study ID Numbers: 150058
First Posted: December 31, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2022
Last Verified: October 17, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: .It isn t known yet if there will be a plan to make IPD available

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) ):
Atopic Asthma
Disease Progression
Natural History
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases