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Follow up of Radiofrequency Maze in Mitral Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02321020
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 22, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Claudia Loardi, Centro Cardiologico Monzino

Brief Summary:
The present study aimed at evaluating mid-term results of radiofrequency modified maze procedure in mitral patients in terms of sinus rhythm and atrial contractility restoration

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Atrial Fibrillation Procedure: Radiofrequency maze procedure Procedure: Transthoracic echocardiography

Detailed Description:
Atrial fibrillation presents with different frequencies in patients affected by structural heart diseases requiring surgery, showing a peak incidence of up to 60-80% in mitral subjects. It causes an increased risk of systemic embolism, cardiac failure development and higher limitations due to dyspnoea and fatigue on exercise. Cox-Maze technique for surgical atrial fibrillation treatment was first used in 1987 and suffered lots of modifications since then. Nowadays, most centers have replaced the "cut and sew" technique by other methods using several power sources to achieve the same target in a much easier way. One of the alternative energy source currently used is radiofrequency ablation which has been demonstrated to be a simple, safe and reproducible procedure with an acceptable success rate in terms of sinus rhythm restoration. However, organized atrial activity (sinus rhythm on surface electrocardiogram) is not always accompanied by an effective mechanical atrial contraction, whose restoration represents one of the original Maze objective. Atrial contraction is effective when A waves are found in tricuspid and/or mitral transvalvular flow using Doppler echocardiography, allowing the patient to fully profit from hemodynamic and clinical advantages of an organized atrial contraction. Predictive factors of atrial contractility recovery and, more widely, of sinus rhythm achievement after modified Maze procedures have been investigated, but, at our knowledge, a parallel deep analysis and comparison of possible determinants of both surgical ablation goals is still lacking. In the present study, the investigators describe mid-term results of concomitant modified radiofrequency Maze in a large homogeneous population of mitral patients, focusing onto common predictors of sinus rhythm and atrial contractility restoring, their time course appearance and interrelation.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 168 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Sinus Rhythm and Atrial Contractility Recovery After Radiofrequency Maze in Mitral Patients
Study Start Date : January 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine



Intervention Details:
  • Procedure: Radiofrequency maze procedure
    Radiofrequency energy was used to create continous endocardial and epicardial lesions mimicking most of the left atrial incisions set as described in the Cox Maze III procedure. In the first 70 patients a monopolar technology was employed (Cardioblate Surgical Ablation Pen, Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, MN, USA - cooled tip cardioblate pen, power ranging from 25 to 35 W), while in the subset of patients who underwent surgery after July 2005 a bipolar device was used (Cardioblate BP2 Irrigated RF Surgical Ablation System, Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, MN, USA). The tip of both types of RF probe was irrigated with saline at room temperature at a flow rate of 4-6 ml/min.
  • Procedure: Transthoracic echocardiography
    Contemporary to clinical follow up, all patients were evaluated with 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography by the same cardiologist at 3,6,12 and 24 months in order to specifically monitor left atrial contractility presence.


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sinus rhythm recovery [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Early postoperative rhythms were checked in all patients daily by standard 12-channel surface electrocardiogram. Follow up 24 hours Holter monitoring was checked postoperatively at 3,6,12 and 24 months after the intervention and then annually.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Left atrial contractility recovery after maze [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    All patients were evaluated with 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography by the same cardiologist at 3,6,12 and 24 months in order to specifically monitor left atrial contractility presence. Transmitral flow velocity was measured with pulsed Doppler echocardiography, with a sample volume positioned at the level of the mitral tip in the apical four-chamber view and was recorded on a strip chart at a paper speed of 100 mm/s. Peak velocity and the time-velocity integral of the early filling wave (E wave) and of the late filling wave (A wave) were determined. A/E ratio, representing atrial contribution to ventricular diastolic filling, was obtained. Each measurement was obtained as an average of 6 to 8 consecutive beats. Atrial mechanical activity was considered present if an atrial filling (A wave) was detected in late diastole after the electrocardiogram P wave.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients affected by atrial fibrillation undergoing mitral valve surgery
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients affected by atrial fibrillation undergoing mitral valve surgery

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other cardiac procedures in addition to mitral valve surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02321020


Sponsors and Collaborators
Centro Cardiologico Monzino
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Claudia Loardi, MD Centro Cardiologico Monzino Milano - Italy

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Responsible Party: Claudia Loardi, MD, Centro Cardiologico Monzino
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02321020     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACFA2
First Posted: December 22, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 22, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Atrial Fibrillation
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes