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MART-1 Antigen With or Without TLR4 Agonist GLA-SE in Treating Patients With Stage II-IV Melanoma That Has Been Removed by Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02320305
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 19, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This randomized pilot clinical trial studies melanoma antigen recognized by T-cells 1 (MART-1) antigen with or without toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonist glucopyranosyl lipid A-stable oil-in-water emulsion (GLA-SE) in treating patients with stage II-IV melanoma that has been removed by surgery. Vaccines made from MART-1a peptide or antigen may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Giving TLR4 agonist GLA-SE with MART-1 antigen may help increase the immune response to MART-1a antigen.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage IIA Skin Melanoma Stage IIB Skin Melanoma Stage IIC Skin Melanoma Stage IIIA Skin Melanoma Stage IIIB Skin Melanoma Stage IIIC Skin Melanoma Stage IV Skin Melanoma Biological: MART-1 Antigen Drug: TLR4 Agonist GLA-SE Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the immune response of each immunization regimen to determine an optimal regimen in terms of immune response to recommend for phase II testing.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the adverse events profile of each immunization regimen.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Describe the immunological efficacy of the vaccine preparations as measured by the frequency and interferon (IFN) gamma production of peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL).

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive MART-1 antigen and TLR4 antagonist GLA-SE intramuscularly (IM) on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive MART-1 antigen IM on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, stage II patients are followed up at 10 weeks and then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months and stage III-IV patients are followed up at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Peptide Vaccine With Glucopyranosyl Lipid A - Stable Oil-in-Water Emulsion (GLA-SE) for Patients With Resected Melanoma: A Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : January 27, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (MART-1 antigen and TLR4 antagonist GLA-SE)
Patients receive MART-1 antigen and TLR4 antagonist GLA-SE IM on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: MART-1 Antigen
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Antigen LB39-AA
  • Antigen SK29-AA
  • MART-1 Tumor Antigen

Drug: TLR4 Agonist GLA-SE
Given IM
Other Names:
  • GLA-SE
  • Glucopyranosyl Lipid A in Stable Emulsion
  • Glucopyranosyl Lipid Adjuvant-Stable Emulsion
  • Toll-like Receptor 4 Agonist GLA-SE

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Experimental: Arm II (MART-1 antigen)
Patients receive MART-1 antigen IM on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: MART-1 Antigen
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Antigen LB39-AA
  • Antigen SK29-AA
  • MART-1 Tumor Antigen

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immune response [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    A patient is considered to have achieved an immune response if there is a 2-fold or more increase from pre-treatment levels in the absolute number of vaccine peptide-specific (MART-1a-specific) CTL as measured by tetramer staining, or if the frequency of MART-1a-specific CTL is initially undetectable (< 0.05% of CD8 T cells) and becomes detectable during the vaccine treatment period. The proportion of successes will be estimated and the exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true immune response rate will be calculated.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse event rate, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine patterns. Additionally, the relationship of the adverse event(s) to the study treatment will be taken into consideration.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Immunological efficacy of the vaccine preparations against tumor antigen MART-1a will be described as a function of the vaccine immune adjuvant, as measured by the frequency and IFN gamma production of vaccine-peptide specific CTL [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Additional markers of immune activation will be described as a function of each vaccine preparation. Each factor will be plotted against time. Each graph will be visually inspected for trends across time. The number of patients with at least a 2-fold change in the number of cells/plasma concentration or with a level that goes from undetectable to detectable after the 1st course will be determined. The marker profile of those who derived an immune response and those who did not will be tabled to visually compare and contrast the pattern of marker-specific responses between these patient groups.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Central pathology review submission; Note: this review for MART-1 positivity is mandatory prior to randomization to confirm eligibility
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2-positive
  • Histologic proof of stage II, III or IV melanoma that has been completely resected or completely treated with ablative therapy (ex: stereotactic body radiosurgery, radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation) with no current evidence of disease, as demonstrated by imaging within 2 months (stage III or stage IV; must be computed tomography [CT], magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], or positron emission tomography [PET]/CT) or 6 months (stage II; may be chest x-ray, CT, MRI, or PET/CT)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500 mL
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) > 10 g/dL
  • Platelets (PLT) >= 50,000 mL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 3 x ULN
  • Ability to provide informed consent
  • Willingness to return to Mayo Clinic Rochester for follow-up
  • Life expectancy >= 12 weeks
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
  • For women of childbearing potential, a negative serum pregnancy test =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Willingness to provide mandatory blood samples for correlative research

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled or current infection
  • Known standard therapy for the patient's disease that is potentially curative or proven capable of extending life expectancy
  • Known allergy to any of the vaccine or adjuvant components, including eggs
  • Any of the following prior therapies with interval since most recent treatment:

    • Chemotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Biologic or immunologic therapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Radiation therapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Failure to fully recover from side effects of prior therapy or surgery
  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Women of childbearing potential or their sexual partners who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception (condoms, diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.)
  • Known immune deficiency, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • History of systemic autoimmune disease, as patients with ongoing autoimmunity may be at an increased risk of autoimmune toxicity from the study vaccine
  • Current or recent (=< 4 weeks) use of immunosuppressive medications including systemic (inhaled, oral, or intravenous [IV]) corticosteroids; Note: use of corticosteroids in doses not exceeding those used for adrenal replacement is acceptable
  • History of brain metastases; EXCEPTION: patients with a solitary brain metastasis that has been completely resected, and who have no ongoing central nervous system (CNS) symptoms and an MRI documenting no evidence of CNS disease at least 3 months after resection and within 30 days of registration, are eligible for treatment
  • Other active malignancy =< 5 years prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: if there is a history of prior malignancy > 5 years prior to registration, the patient must not be receiving other cancer treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02320305


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthew Block Mayo Clinic

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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02320305     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1177
NCI-2014-02479 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1177 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 19, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Skin Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases