Intra-operative Nasal Compression After Lateral Osteotomy to Minimize Post-operative Peri-orbital Ecchymosis and Edema
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02319954|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2018
Lawson Health Research Institute
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Lawson Health Research Institute
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Periorbital edema and ecchymosis are common morbidities in the post-operative period after rhinoplasty. Lateral osteotomy techniques used to reshape the bony nasal pyramid are large contributing factors to the degree of bruising and edema. This is due to injury to the angular vessels that are crossing the osteotomy sites. Depending on the degree of swelling and bruising, it can cause difficulty with visual acuity in the early post-operative period. Most importantly, this can be quite distressing to the patient and impact the time required to return to normal social activities. Numerous studies have examined various interventions to reduce periorbital swelling and ecchymosis. These include peri-operative steroids, lidocaine with epinephrine injections, fibrin sealant, permissive intra-operative hypotension and subperiosteal osteotomy techniques. Peri-operative steroids have been most extensively studied. Recent meta-analysis by Hatef et al, found that pre-operative steroids were effective for decreasing post-operative edema and ecchymosis. Steroids however, carry with it the risks of psychosis, immunosuppression, weight gain, uncontrolled blood glucose and avascular necrosis of the hip. As such, broadly applicable and cost-effective techniques to minimize post-operative edema and ecchymosis without the risk profile of steroids would be ideal. Taskin et al. recently examined the efficacy of the combination of intraoperative cold saline-soaked gauze compression and corticosteroids on rhinoplasty morbidity. The study group received compression with a cold saline soaked gauze to the nasal dorsum during the surgery and the control group received compression with a dry gauze. Both groups received a pre-operative dose of intravenous steroids. The study group had significantly less periorbital edema and ecchymosis on post-operative days 1, 3, 5 and 7. This study unfortunately did not examine the role of compression alone and the study was performed in the presence of steroids, which is not routinely utilized by all surgeons. As such, the proposed study will provide evidence for the use of direct compression intra-operatively after lateral osteotomy in order to reduce post-operative edema and ecchymosis. The findings of this study may provide a simple, effective and non-costly technique to minimize the morbidity of rhinoplasty.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Rhinoplasty Ecchymosis||Procedure: Direct compression||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||16 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Intra-operative Nasal Compression After Lateral Osteotomy to Minimize Post-operative Peri-orbital Ecchymosis and Edema|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2015|
Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine
MedlinePlus related topics: Edema
Active Comparator: Compression
Each patient will be randomized to receive compression of their nose on either the left or right for 5 continuous minutes after performing a lateral rhinotomy.
Procedure: Direct compression
Direct compression by the surgeon with their hands on the nasal sidewall
No Intervention: No compression
Each patient will serve as their own control with the other side not receiving any compression after a lateral rhinotomy.
Primary Outcome Measures :
- Periorbital edema and ecchymosis [ Time Frame: up to 4 weeks ]The primary outcome of this study is periorbital edema and ecchymosis. Post-operative photographs will be graded by two staff Otolaryngologists and two senior Otolaryngology residents. Each evaluator will be presented a photograph of a patient and be asked to grade the degree of periorbital edema and ecchymosis for the left and right side. Previously published grading scales will be used. The evaluators will be blinded to the allocated side of nasal pressure and to the post-operative day of the photographs.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||Yes|
- All adult patients (18 years old and greater) undergoing rhinoplasty requiring lateral osteotomy
- Patients taking anti-coagulation medication, history of bleeding disorder and those who do not complete the follow-up schedule will be excluded from the study.
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Taskin U, Yigit O, Bilici S, Kuvat SV, Sisman AS, Celebi S. Efficacy of the combination of intraoperative cold saline-soaked gauze compression and corticosteroids on rhinoplasty morbidity. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 May;144(5):698-702. doi: 10.1177/0194599811400377.
Tuncel U, Turan A, Bayraktar MA, Erkorkmaz U, Kostakoglu N. Efficacy of dexamethasone with controlled hypotension on intraoperative bleeding, postoperative oedema and ecchymosis in rhinoplasty. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2013 Mar;41(2):124-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2012.06.003. Epub 2012 Jul 12.
Totonchi A, Guyuron B. A randomized, controlled comparison between arnica and steroids in the management of postrhinoplasty ecchymosis and edema. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007 Jul;120(1):271-274. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000264397.80585.bd.
Hatef DA, Ellsworth WA, Allen JN, Bullocks JM, Hollier LH Jr, Stal S. Perioperative steroids for minimizing edema and ecchymosis after rhinoplasty: a meta-analysis. Aesthet Surg J. 2011 Aug;31(6):648-57. doi: 10.1177/1090820X11416110.
Gun R, Yorgancilar E, Yildirim M, Bakir S, Topcu I, Akkus Z. Effects of lidocaine and adrenaline combination on postoperative edema and ecchymosis in rhinoplasty. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Jul;40(7):722-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2011.02.022. Epub 2011 Apr 1.
Kosucu M, Omur S, Besir A, Uraloglu M, Topbas M, Livaoglu M. Effects of perioperative remifentanil with controlled hypotension on intraoperative bleeding and postoperative edema and ecchymosis in open rhinoplasty. J Craniofac Surg. 2014 Mar;25(2):471-5. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000000603.
Al-Arfaj A, Al-Qattan M, Al-Harethy S, Al-Zahrani K. Effect of periosteum elevation on periorbital ecchymosis in rhinoplasty. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009 Nov;62(11):e538-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2008.05.047. Epub 2008 Oct 5. No abstract available.
|Responsible Party:||Lawson Health Research Institute|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||December 18, 2014 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||November 6, 2018|
|Last Verified:||November 2018|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Blood Coagulation Disorders