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Self-Affirmation and Defensiveness to Health Messages for the Self vs. a Close Other

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02317380
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Researchers want to learn about people s beliefs and values. They also want to learn about how people respond to information about cancer risk. They have created two short studies. They have combined these studies for convenience.

Objective:

- To learn about people s beliefs and values, and about how people respond to information about cancer risk.

Eligibility:

- Adults age 40-70 who are overweight, have never had cancer, and have an opposite-sex close relationship with someone in that age group who is also overweight.

Design:

  • This study will take place online or in a laboratory.
  • Participants will take part in two studies. One is Values Study. The other is Cancer Risk Information.
  • In Values Study, some participants will choose the most important value from a list. They will write about why that value is important to them. Others will choose the least important value from a list. They will write about why that value may be important to someone else.
  • In Cancer Risk Information, participants will read a health message about a cancer risk relevant to themselves or to a close other. Some will wear special glasses that track their eye movements as they read.
  • Participants will then answer questions about their beliefs about cancer risk and their intentions to lose weight.
  • Both studies will take 30 minutes.

Condition or disease
Ego Social Science Cancer Prevention

Detailed Description:
Self-affirmation, a process by which individuals reflect on cherished personal values is a potent means of augmenting the effectiveness of threatening health communications. Individuals tend to be defensive against information suggesting their behavior puts them at risk for disease or negative health. Previous evidence suggests that self-affirmation may reduce defensiveness to threatening health information, increasing openness to the message and resulting in increased disease risk perceptions, disease-related worry, intentions to engage in preventive behavior, and actual behavioral change. One mechanism by which self-affirmation may be effective is by reducing self-focus and expanding self-concept. If this is the case, self-affirmation may not be effective in reducing defensiveness against information that is threatening to one s close other. We are proposing two studies to examine whether self-affirmation is equally effective at reducing defensiveness against threatening information for the self and for a close other. These studies will not only highlight conditions under which self-affirmation is effective, but also shed light on mechanisms underlying the effect.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 1019 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Self-Affirmation and Defensiveness to Health Messages for the Self vs. a Close Other
Study Start Date : December 13, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 10, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 18, 2018



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intentions to lose weight/ talk to doctor [ Time Frame: Immediately post-experiment ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA

For Study 1

-Knowledge Networks panel members will be eligible if they are aged 40-70, overweight, and

have never been diagnosed with cancer (to ensure relevance to breast and prostate cancer risk, the topic of

the health message). Individuals will also be screened for inclusion based on whether they report having

an opposite-sex close relationship with another adult age 40-70 who is also overweight (e.g., opposite-sex

spouse, close friend, or family member).

For Study 2

-Community individuals will be subject to the same inclusion criteria.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02317380


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI), 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Rebecca A Ferrer, Ph.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02317380     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999915034
15-C-N034
First Posted: December 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2018
Last Verified: September 18, 2018
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Self-Affirmation
Weight Loss
Self vs. Other
Cancer Risk and Prevention