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Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin Hydrochloride and Carboplatin Followed by Surgery and Paclitaxel in Treating Patients With Triple Negative Stage II-III Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02315196
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 2, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nancy Chan, MD, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride and carboplatin followed by surgery and paclitaxel work in treating patients with stage II-III breast cancer that does not have estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, or large amounts of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu protein (triple negative). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride and carboplatin before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride and carboplatin followed by surgery and paclitaxel may be an effective treatment for breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Estrogen Receptor-negative Breast Cancer HER2-negative Breast Cancer Progesterone Receptor-negative Breast Cancer Stage IIA Breast Cancer Stage IIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Triple-negative Breast Cancer Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride Drug: carboplatin Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery Drug: paclitaxel Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Other: quality-of-life assessment Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the rate of pathologic complete response with treatment of liposomal doxorubicin (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride) and carboplatin in patients with estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2 negative breast cancer (triple negative breast cancer [TNBC]).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the recurrence free survival (RFS), 2-year RFS, and overall survival (OS) after treatment with neoadjuvant liposomal doxorubicin and carboplatin followed by definitive breast surgery and then weekly paclitaxel in patients with ER, progesterone receptor (PgR), HER2 negative breast cancer.

II. To describe the mutational spectrum of tumors found in primary, untreated ER, PgR, HER2 negative breast cancer and their association with pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride (doxil) and carboplatin.

III. To determine functional significance of genomic landscape in predicting drug response using patient derived xenograft (PDX) and ex vivo models.

OUTLINE:

NEOADJUVANT: Patients receive pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride* intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ADJUVANT: Patients undergo definitive surgery at the discretion of the treating physician. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 60 minutes once weekly for 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

*NOTE: If there is a shortage of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, patients receive epirubicin hydrochloride IV over 15-20 minutes on day 1.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for up to 20 years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Trial of Liposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin in Patients With ER, PR, HER2 Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC)
Actual Study Start Date : December 26, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (doxil, carboplatin, surgery, paclitaxel)

NEOADJUVANT: Patients receive pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride* IV over 90 minutes and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ADJUVANT: Patients undergo definitive surgery at the discretion of the treating physician. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 60 minutes once weekly for 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

*NOTE: If there is a shortage of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, patients receive epirubicin hydrochloride IV over 15-20 minutes on day 1.

Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CAELYX
  • Dox-SL
  • DOXIL
  • doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome
  • LipoDox

Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 4'-epi-doxorubicin HCl
  • 4'-epiadriamycin

Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin

Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo definitive surgery

Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Other: quality-of-life assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: quality of life assessment




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of pathologic complete response (pCR) based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 20 years ]
    The pCR rate will first be determined as proportions and calculating its 95% confidence interval. To study the association between pCR response (yes/no) and the presence of gross residual disease, type and number of mutations, clinical lymph node status (positive/negative), tumor size (< 2 cm/>= 2 cm) based on p53, logistic regression analysis will be used, controlling for cancer treatment and disease stage and other covariates if numbers allow.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. RFS, defined as time to local recurrence following surgery, regional recurrence, distant recurrence, or death from any cause prior to recurrence or second primary cancer following initiation of chemotherapeutic treatment [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Survival functions will be computed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and compared between mutation status using the log-rank test. Adjustment for additional covariates, such as cancer treatment and disease stage, will be performed using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis if numbers allow.

  2. OS [ Time Frame: Time from initiation of chemotherapy until death from any cause, assessed up to 20 years ]
    Survival functions will be computed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and compared between mutation status using the log-rank test. Adjustment for additional covariates, such as cancer treatment and disease stage, will be performed using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis if numbers allow.

  3. Mutational spectrum of tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 20 years ]
    The Cox model analysis will be used to study the association between cancer recurrence and the presence of specific mutations with IHC parameters, e.g. p53, Ki67, apoptotic markers (cleaved caspase 3), phosphorylated proteins in targeted pathways, gamma-H2A histone family, member X for deoxyribonucleic acid damage. All test procedures will be done at significance level 5%. It will be determined which tumors with gross residual disease are sensitive to targeted agent, cytotoxins, or the combination as a function of mutational profile and will be tested for additive and synergistic effects.

  4. Sensitivity to paclitaxel or cyclophosphamide, targeted agents selected based on genomic profile, standard cytotoxins, or the combination of targeted agents with standard cytotoxins evaluated by patient derived xenograft and ex vivo models [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    To demonstrate activity for the selected agents for a specific patient's tumor descriptive analysis (e.g., plots of tumor size vs. time since treatment, summary statistics and histograms) will be used to explore the distribution of data, identify outliers and inform any necessary transformations (e.g., logarithm) for subsequent statistical analysis. Mixed model analysis will be used to evaluate the treatment effect, represented by tumor inhibition ratio. Treatment, time (of repeated measurements) and the interaction of treatment and time will be included as fixed effects.

  5. Quality of life, assessed using a quality of life survey instrument [ Time Frame: Up to after dose 12 of paclitaxel ]
    Quality of life scores will be analyzed longitudinally for preservation of score within each segment of therapy and across the entire treatment regimen. Quality of life scores will also be compared to health care provider documented severity and presence of side effects. Quality of life scores will also be compared to outcome measures using pathologic complete response versus partial/stable response and survival data using logistic regression.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women with previously untreated, unilateral stage II-III breast cancer, ER/PgR/HER2 negative (ER =< 5%, PgR =< 5%, HER2 0-1+ by immunohistochemistry [IHC] or fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH] =< 2.0); if clinically negative lymph nodes, tumor size should be minimum 1.0 cm and identifiable under office-based ultrasound guidance
  • Negative serum or urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) pregnancy test at screening for patients of child-bearing potential within one week prior to enrollment
  • Patients with reproductive potential must use an adequate contraceptive method (e.g. abstinence, intrauterine device, oral contraceptives, barrier device with spermicide or surgical sterilization) during treatment and for three months after completing treatment
  • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status < 2
  • Life expectancy >= 52 weeks excluding their diagnosis of breast cancer
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 cells/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000 cells/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL
  • Creatinine < 2.5 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2.5 X institutional ULN
  • Patients must have normal cardiac function, as evidenced by a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) within institutional normal limits; echocardiogram may be used if multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan is not available, but the same test must be used throughout the study to evaluate LVEF
  • Computed tomography of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CT CAP) and bone scan performed within 30 days prior to study entry and does not demonstrate metastatic disease
  • Patients may not receive concurrent treatment with other investigational or commercial agent(s) for treatment of their breast cancer
  • The patient or, if applicable, her legally authorized representative must have signed and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines
  • Patients must be eligible to undergo surgery, either lumpectomy or mastectomy for local treatment of the breast cancer; surgical margins at discretion of surgeon per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines; axillary exploration at discretion of surgeon but all patients minimally have sentinel lymph node evaluation at time of surgery
  • Imaging by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and/or mammogram and physical exam to document lesions size must be performed within 30 days of study entry
  • Must not exhibit a non-healing wound or any skin breakdown
  • Before administering liposomal doxorubicin, patients must wait 4-6 weeks after surgery
  • Submission of tumor samples from the diagnostic biopsy and breast surgery is required for all patients

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Second primary malignancy except most situ carcinoma (e.g. in situ carcinoma of the cervix, adequately treated non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin) or other malignancy treated at least 5 years previously with no evidence of recurrence
  • Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease; imaging must have been performed no greater than 30 days prior to initiation of chemotherapy
  • Diagnosis of inflammatory breast cancer
  • History of hypersensitivity reactions attributed to a conventional formulation of doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCL) or the components of doxil, paclitaxel, or carboplatin
  • Serious concomitant systemic disorders (including active infections or chronic infection requiring suppressive antibiotics) that would compromise the safety of the patient or compromise the patient's ability to complete the study, at the discretion of the investigator
  • Myocardial infarct or unstable angina within 6 months before enrollment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II or greater heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, clinically significant pericardial disease, valvular disease with documented compromise in cardiac function, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemic or active conduction system abnormalities
  • Prior anthracycline, platinum salt, or taxane for any malignancy
  • Known or active hepatitis B or C with abnormal liver function tests
  • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection)
  • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Intrinsic lung disease resulting in moderate to severe dyspnea
  • History of a major organ allograft or condition requiring chronic immunosuppression, e.g., kidney, liver, lung, heart, bone marrow transplant, or autoimmune diseases; this includes treatment with corticosteroids within one month (dose of >= 10 mg/day methylprednisolone equivalent) (excluding inhaled steroids); patients who have received corneal transplants, cadaver skin, or bone transplants are eligible
  • Nervous system disorder (paresthesias, peripheral motor neuropathy, or peripheral sensory neuropathy) >= grade 2, per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0)
  • Conditions that would prohibit administration of corticosteroids

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02315196


Contacts
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Contact: Clinical Trials Office 732-235-8675

Locations
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United States, New Jersey
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Recruiting
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
Contact: Kim M. Hirshfield    732-235-6028    hirshfie@cinj.rutgers.edu   
Principal Investigator: Kim M. Hirshfield         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kim Hirshfield Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

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Responsible Party: Nancy Chan, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02315196     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 041401
NCI-2014-02029 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
041401 ( Other Identifier: Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey )
P30CA072720 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 2, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Epirubicin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors