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Pilot Study of Autologous T Lymphocytes With ADCC in Patients With CD20-Positive B-Cell Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02315118
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2016 by National University Hospital, Singapore.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : December 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National University, Singapore
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National University Hospital, Singapore

Brief Summary:

Despite advancement in chemotherapy, radiotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), and the recent introduction of more targeted therapies, a substantial proportion of patients with B-cell malignancies, such as B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) still succumb to their malignancies. For CLL and low-grade NHL, cure is achievable only with HSCT but such aggressive approach is not justified as the initial therapy for most patients who have indolent disease; when disease has progressed, transplant is either not feasible or ineffective. For high-grade B-cell NHL, the availability of Rituximab has improved disease outcome but treatment failure portends nearly inevitable death from disease or treatment-related complications. Thus, newer, more effective therapies for patients with B-cell malignancies are urgently needed.

The present study translates recent laboratory findings into clinical application. In patients with B-cell malignancies receiving the anti-CD20 antibody Rituximab as standard therapy, the study aims to assess the feasibility and safety, as well as explore the efficacy, of infusing autologous T-lymphocytes engineered to express a CD16-41BB-CD3zeta chimeric receptor which mediates antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity. Receptor expression is achieved by electroporation of mRNA.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Drug: T-cell therapy + Rituximab + IL-2 Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Autologous T Lymphocytes With Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity in Patients With CD20-Positive B-Cell Malignancies
Study Start Date : December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: T-cell therapy + Rituximab + IL-2

Patients will undergo apheresis procedure and T cell expansion will be done in the laboratory. All patients will receive Rituximab on day -2 and IL-2 three times per week for one week starting on day -1 (dose 1 of 3). IL-2 dosing will be continued 3 times per week for one week (3 doses total).

On Day 0, T cell modification in the laboratory and T cell infusion in the patient will be done.

A disease status evaluation will be conducted approximately 4 weeks post-T cell infusion.

Drug: T-cell therapy + Rituximab + IL-2
  • T cells collection
  • T cells expansion and modification in the laboratory
  • T cells infusion back to the patients
Other Name: T-cell therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Performance status assessed by age-dependent Performance Scores [ Time Frame: One-month (30 days) after the last T cell infusion ]
    Using KARNOFSKY PERFORMANCE STATUS SCALE (Recipient Age ≥ 16 years) and LANSKY PERFORMANCE STATUS SCALE (Recipient Age < 16 years)

  2. Toxicity criteria [ Time Frame: One-month (30 days) after the last T cell infusion ]

    Participants will be monitored for toxicity for a period of one-month (30 days) after the last T cell infusion. Monitored toxicities will include the following:

    1. grades III-IV allergic reactions related to infusion;
    2. grade IV neutropenia lasting greater than 28 days;
    3. grade IV infection uncontrolled for greater than 7 days;
    4. grade IV other adverse events;
    5. treatment-related death (grade V).

  3. Disease response criteria [ Time Frame: One-month (30 days) after the last T cell infusion and at intervals thereafter till progression (approximately every 3 months for about a year) ]

    Response criteria follow those defined by NCCN Guidelines version 4.2011 for CLL and NHL.

    For monitoring of treatment response, patients with CLL and NHL will have PET-CT scan at approximately 1 month before and after infusion and at intervals thereafter till progression. Peripheral blood and bone marrow studies (the latter only if bone marrow is involved pre-treatment) will be done to determine levels of residual disease by using established flow cytometric and molecular MRD assays.


  4. Persistence of CD16+ T cells and impact on B cell function [ Time Frame: Up to approximately month ]
    1. The in vivo expression of anti-CD16V-BB-zeta on T cells will be monitored by flow cytometry. For this purpose, 10 ml of blood will be taken on Days 0, 1 and every other day after each infusion until infused T cells expressing the receptor become undetectable.
    2. Longer term impact on the suppression of B cell function will also be monitored by assaying B cell numbers and immunoglobulin levels.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 80 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age: 6 months to 80 years old.
  2. i) Diagnosis of aggressive CD20+ B-NHL with measurable tumor burden (by imaging, flow cytometry and/or PCR) post-treatment. This includes patients with persistent disease following more than 2 lines of chemotherapy, as well as patients who relapse following autologous transplantation, and in whom further salvage therapy has produced only a partial remission or where no effective salvage therapy available. Patients with bulky disease who require immediate salvage therapy will not be eligible.

    OR ii) Diagnosis of poor risk indolent CD20+ B-NHL or Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. This includes high risk CLL cases with early relapse (<12 months following purine analog containing treatment or <24 months following autologous transplant), or with 17p deletion needing treatment, and who are not candidates (or refuses) allogeneic transplantation. Patients with advanced progressive indolent B-NHL with relapsed, refractory disease who have failed more than 2 lines of treatment (including autologous transplantation) may also be considered.

  3. Shortening fraction greater than or equal to 25%.
  4. Glomerular filtration rate greater than or equal to 50 ml/min/1.73 m2.
  5. Pulse oximetry greater than or equal to 92% on room air.
  6. Direct bilirubin less than or equal to 3.0 mg/dL (50 mmol/L).
  7. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is no more than 2 times the upper limit of normal unless determined to be directly due to disease.
  8. Aspartate transaminases (AST) is no more than 2 times the upper limit of normal unless determined to be directly due to disease.
  9. Karnofsky or Lansky performance score of greater than or equal to 50.
  10. No clinical history of or overt autoimmune disease.
  11. No past history of previous severe adverse reactions to rituximab, eg. cytokine release syndrome
  12. Has recovered from all acute NCI Common Toxicity Criteria grade II-IV non-hematologic acute toxicities resulting from prior therapy per the judgment of the PI.
  13. Is not receiving more than the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg daily.
  14. Not pregnant (negative serum or urine pregnancy test to be conducted within 7 days prior to enrollment).
  15. Not lactating.

Exclusion Criteria:

Failure to meet any of the inclusion criteria


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02315118


Contacts
Contact: Michelle Poon, MBBS, MRCP (65) 6779 5555

Locations
Singapore
National University Hospital Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore, 119228
Contact: Michelle Poon, MBBS, MRCP    (65) 6779 5555      
Principal Investigator: Michelle Poon, MBBS, MRCP         
Principal Investigator: Yeh Ching Linn, MBBS, MRCP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Hospital, Singapore
National University, Singapore
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michelle Poon, MBBS, MRCP National University Hospital, Singapore
Principal Investigator: Yeh Ching Linn, MBBS, MRCP Singapore General Hospital

Publications:
Responsible Party: National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02315118     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014/00584
First Posted: December 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 22, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia
Leukemia, B-Cell
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents