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Proactve Assessment of Overweight Risk During Infancy (ProAsk)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02314494
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 12, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Nottingham
University of Lincoln
University of Cambridge
Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anglia Ruskin University

Brief Summary:

Children who are above healthy weight are more likely to be ill and to miss time off school. Being overweight in childhood can also sow the seeds for health problems in later life such as heart disease and diabetes. Most overweight children become overweight adults. One solution is to try to prevent children becoming overweight by intervening very early in life. The risk factors for childhood overweight are known and this project aims to facilitate parents' (and other carers') understanding about this for their infant and to enable them to access intervention. UK health visitors (public health nurses) will use an interactive, multimedia programme (Proactive Assessment of Overweight Risk during infancy (ProAsk)), with parents to calculate their infant's risk and to discuss strategies for risk reduction as appropriate. Health visitors will be trained to communicate obesity risk and in Motivational Interviewing techniques to enable them to offer intervention to parents of infants identified as at risk.

A feasibility study of ProAsk will take place in two health provider organisations in the UK. The purpose of this is to a) determine the acceptability and utility of the ProAsk intervention with health visitors and parents and b) gather information to inform the trial design and data collection procedures for a future Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Childhood Obesity Behavioral: ProAsk

Detailed Description:

Globally, overweight and obesity is a significant public health issue affecting more than 40 million children under the age of five in 2011. There is broad agreement around the aetiology of childhood overweight and obesity and risk factors have been identified prenatally, during pregnancy and early infancy. Clearly, from the point of view of the infant, risk factors that are present prenatally or during pregnancy are non-modifiable but those identified during infancy are potentially modifiable. Between 25%-33% of infants gain weight more rapidly than desirable during the first 6 months of life and this is the strongest risk factor for childhood overweight at 3 years. Rapid weight gain is potentially modifiable with interventions to facilitate better infant diet, feeding practices and exposure to physical activity. To facilitate identification of infants that might be at greater risk of developing childhood overweight and obesity a number of models have been developed. The Infant Risk of Obesity Checklist (IROC) was developed by the research team using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) and Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to potentially screen infants at 4 months of age for risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity at 3 years. However, it has not yet been tested in clinical practice.

Concerns have been expressed about using tools developed from the epidemiological literature to identify overweight and obesity risk where there are few effective evidence-based interventions for those affected. There is evidence that complex interventions targeting diet and feeding delivered to parents of infants <2 years old show some positive intervention effects on feeding practices and physical activity, although many of these interventions do not tackle the psycho-emotional aspects of feeding and are not underpinned by behavioural change theory. The impact on weight outcomes is less certain, and in some cases this may be due to intervention components and behaviour change techniques targeted at the parent rather than infant level. Universal eligibility for overweight and obesity prevention is costly and may be unnecessary for those with a low baseline risk. However, targeting of certain groups where overweight and obesity is more prevalent (for example, lower socio-economic status, minority ethnic groups) has raised concerns around stigmatisation. Preliminary work with parents/legal guardians/carers suggests that targeting may be appropriate provided the person conveying the information has appropriate knowledge and sensitivity. his suggests a novel approach to such discussions is needed. Digital technologies are being used to provide information to patients about health care related areas. The findings of a recent review suggest that interactive multimedia programmes have the capacity to facilitate communication between health professionals and patients, but further research in this field is needed.

A pragmatic research design is planned with three linked phases. The first involved the development of an interactive multimedia programme, namely ProActive Assessment of Overweight Risk during Infancy (ProAsk) which includes the IROC and a therapeutic wheel, to facilitate health professionals' discussions with parents/legal guardians/carers about overweight risk and prevention during infancy. This phase is a feasibility study of the ProAsk intervention with parents/legal guardians/carers and health professionals. The study will gather information to inform the trial design and data collection procedures for a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) of overweight risk identification and intervention during infancy by UK health visiting teams.

The third phase will be conducted at the end of the feasibility trial .Qualitative work will be undertaken to determine the acceptability and utility of ProAsk with the health professionals working in a health visiting team and parents/legal guardians/carers.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 83 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Feasibility Study of an Interactive, Educational Programme to Facilitate Proactive Assessment of Overweight Risk During Infancy
Study Start Date : May 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2016

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Infants at risk
Infants identified as at risk of obesity using the ProAsk intervention
Behavioral: ProAsk
The intervention is a computer programme ProActive Assessment of Overweight Risk to identify infants at risk of developing childhood overweight and obesity. Parents of infants identified as at risk will be offered strategies for prevention by UK health visitors (public health nurses)

Infants not at risk
Infants identified as not at risk of obesity using the ProAsk intervention.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acceptability and utility of the ProAsk intervention [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Recruitment, retention, intervention delivery and attrition rates. Proportion of infants calculated as at risk of developing childhood overweight/obesity



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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Weeks to 12 Weeks   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Infants 6-8 weeks old living in the study areas (Cambridshire and Nottingham City)
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents/legal guardians/carers of infants aged 6-8 weeks
  • First or subsequent born infants

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Parents/legal guardians/carers of infants with known medical conditions requiring special diets
  • Mothers who have a diagnosis of post-natal depression (PND) or who score moderate PND or above on health visitor applied screening tools (EPDS >13) (PHQ-9 >10) or anxiety (GAD-7 score >10)
  • Infants born <32 weeks gestation
  • Infants born 32-40 weeks whose birth weight is less than 2nd centile
  • Infants born at term (40 weeks) who weigh less than 2.5 kg
  • Parents/legal guardians/carers who lack sufficient command of English to complete questionnaires where no face to face translation is available

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02314494


Locations
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United Kingdom
Cambridgeshire Community Services
Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom
Nottingham City Care Partnership
Nottingham, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Anglia Ruskin University
University of Nottingham
University of Lincoln
University of Cambridge
Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
Investigators
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Study Director: Sarah Redsell, PhD Anglia Ruskin University