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Effect of SwitChing AtriPla to Eviplera on Neurocognitive and Emotional Functioning (ESCAPE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02308332
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 4, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Gilead Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
J.E. Arends, UMC Utrecht

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate the effects of switching Atripla to Eviplera on neurocognition measured by neuropsychological testing and functional MRI

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neurocognitive Decline HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorder Drug: Eviplera Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Efavirenz, an antiretroviral drug used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infections, is known for its neurological and psychiatric adverse events. Efavirenz is part of Atripla®, a single tablet regimen (STR), currently the most prescribed antiretroviral drug in the Netherlands. Recently, a new STR has become available, Eviplera® containing a successor of Efavirenz, named Rilpivirin. It has been shown in the phase-3 ECHO and THRIVE studies that Atripla as well as Eviplera have excellent and comparable antiretroviral efficacy in naive HIV-infected patients. Furthermore, data from these studies have shown that Eviplera was associated with fewer neurological and psychiatric adverse events than Atripla over 48 weeks. However, this was only patient reported adverse events, not neuropsychological evaluation. Furthermore, they were treatment naïve for HIV. Moreover, there might be a bias in these kind of switch studies due to the fact that those patients who switch will mostly regard their new combination better than the old one. Contrary, data on the long term impact of Efavirenz on neuropsychological performance and symptoms are conflicting.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the effect of switching from Atripla to Eviplera on neurocognitive performances (neurocognitive testing) and imaging (functional MRI scanning) in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 58 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of SwitChing AtriPla to Eviplera on Neurocognitive and Emotional Functioning, ESCAPE Study
Actual Study Start Date : February 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Intervention
patients switching from Atripla to Eviplera
Drug: Eviplera
switch from Atripla to emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir (Eviplera)
Other Name: emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir

No Intervention: Control
patients remaining on Atripla



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the neurocognitive performance as measured by neuropsychological test composite score after 12 weeks in stable HIV-infected patients switched from Atripla to Eviplera compared to a control group of patients on Atripla. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Patients will undergo a neuropsychological test battery where multiple standardized test will be undertaken to assess 7 different domains; Verbal Fluency, Executive Functioning, Speed of Information Processing, Learning, Memory, Attention/Working Memory, Motor skills. Raw scores can be calculated per domain and as a composite score. Differences in mean changes in composite score between baseline and end of study will be assessed with a paired T-test. A p-value <0.05 will be considered statistically significant. Within-arm changes will be assessed using Wilcoxon signed rank tests, and between-group comparisons will be evaluated with Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Multivariate analyses will be performed to analyse differences in the primary endpoints between the study groups.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. to assess the correlation between neurocognitive improvement (neuropsychological evaluation) and functional imaging (fMRI) after switching Atripla to Eviplera [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The aim is to investigate if there is a correlation between improvement on neuropsychological test scores after 12 weeks of Eviplera therapy, and changes on fMRI after 12 weeks of Eviplera therapy. If there is a correlation, that means fMRI could be used to evaluate neurocognitive decline. Basically, we will asses if there is a correlation between ∆neuropsychological score and ∆fMRI-score. Because this is ordinal data, we will use a Spearman rank-order correlation to calculate a correlation-coefficient.

  2. to evaluate correlation between neurocognitive performance and health related quality of life measured by SF-36 total score after switching from Atripla to Eviplera. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The aim is if an improvement in neuropsychological test scores after 12 weeks of Eviplera therapy is correlated with an improvement of quality of life. Basically, we will assess if there is a correlation between ∆neuropsychological score and ∆SF-36 total score. Because this is ordinal data, we will use a Spearman rank-order correlation to calculate a correlation-coefficient.

  3. to assess the emotional functioning measured by HADS total score after switching Atripla to Eviplera by using a paired T-test to calculate differences in mean changes between baseline and end of study [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  4. to assess USER-P (total scores) after switching Atripla to Eviplera [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  5. to assess drug levels of Efavirenz (as a component of Atripla) and Rilpivirin (as a component of Eviplera) in relation to changes in neurocognitive performance and fMRI in both patient groups. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    With this study, we want to investigate the effect of switching Efavirenz (as a component of Atripla) to Rilpivirine (as a component of Eviplera) on neurocognition. Our hypothesis is that neurocognition (as measured by neuropsychological testing scores) will improve when switching from Efavirenz (as a component of Atripla). If that is the case, hypothetically a lower or higher drug level of Efavirenz (as a component of Atripla) could have an effect on neurocognition (as measured by neuropsychological test scores). We will assess the correlation between drug level of Efavirenz or Rilpivirine and changes in neurocognitive function as measured by neuropsychological testing, and fMRI changes by regression analyses using drug levels as an independent variable and neuropsychological test scores as a dependent variable.

  6. to evaluate the usefulness of PROMIS instruments in HIV research [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    In our study, we will use the PROMIS instruments Anxiety, Depression, Sleep disturbance and Satisfaction with social roles and activities. These are all short forms containing 8 questions or statements. Patients are asked to rate the questions from 1-5 into which extent they believe them to be true; 1 being not at all and 5 being very much. For each short form, a score will be calculated by adding the values of the response to each question. PROMIS provides a score conversion table where the score can be translated into a T-score. This rescales the patient's score into a standardized score with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10. In order to provide these results, PROMIS uses a calibration sample containing data from over 21000 respondents. Differences in mean changes between baseline and end of study, as well as between the two study groups will be calculated using a paired T-test.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male, between 30 and 50 years
  • HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL on screening visit
  • on Atripla continuously for ≥6 months preceding the screening visit
  • Have a HIV genotype prior to starting cART with Atripla with no known resistance to any of the study agents at any time in the past including, but not limited to RT mutations K65R, K101E/P, E138G/K/Q/R, Y181C/I/V, M184V/I and H221Y
  • Negative TPHA or VDRL < 12 months prior to the screening visit
  • no signs of an acute or chronic hepatitis C infection within the past 12 months before screening as defined in the Dutch guideline (Arends et al. Neth J Med 2011)
  • No subjective neurocognitive complaints in the preceding 12 months
  • willingness to take Eviplera together with food according to the manufacturer's prescriptions.
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥50 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula) on last routine measurement during outpatient clinic
  • able to understand and comply to study procedures and to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non-native Dutch speakers
  • Proven major depression through psychiatric consultation within the past year or on anti-depressant drugs (SSRI or TCA)
  • Active or known from medical history past CNS opportunistic infections
  • History of proven neurologic disease (e.g. multiple sclerosis, brain tumor, cerebrovascular event, etc)
  • Active psychiatric disorders classified according to the DMS V criteria
  • History or evidence of alcohol or drug abuse defined according to DSM V criteria
  • TSH within normal reference values on last routine measurement during outpatient clinic
  • Contraindications for undergoing an MRI; a pacemaker or metallic devices/foreign bodies in situ, proven claustrophobia.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02308332


Locations
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Netherlands
UMC Utrecht
Utrecht, Netherlands
Sponsors and Collaborators
UMC Utrecht
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joop Arends, MD PhD UMC Utrecht
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Responsible Party: J.E. Arends, Infectious Diseases Physician, UMC Utrecht
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02308332    
Other Study ID Numbers: ABR50959
First Posted: December 4, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 27, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Tenofovir
Emtricitabine
Rilpivirine
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents