Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Phase 3 Randomized, Double-blind Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Apremilast (CC-10004) in Subjects With Active Behçet's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02307513
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2014
Results First Posted : September 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene

Brief Summary:

Behçet's disease, is a rare disorder that causes inflammation in blood vessels throughout the body. The signs and symptoms of Behçet's disease may include mouth sores, eye inflammation, skin rashes and lesions, and genital sores that vary from person to person and may come and go on their own. The exact cause of Behçet's is unknown, but it may be an autoimmune disorder, which means the body's immune system mistakenly attacks some of its own healthy cells.

This study will evaluate if apremilast is better than placebo (inactive substance in the same form as the drug) for the treatment of oral ulcers in subjects with active Behçet's disease. Other manifestations of the disease will also be assessed, such as, pain and tenderness in joints, eye inflammation, genital ulcers, and skin disease. This study also will test how well the body tolerates apremilast. In addition, the second purpose of the study is to assess the safety of apremilast in patients with Behçet's disease.

This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel design. About 204 subjects will participate. The placebo-controlled period will be 12 weeks long and patients will receive apremilast or placebo. After the 12-week placebo-controlled period, all subjects will receive apremilast for 52-week. All participants will have their final study visit 4 weeks after stopping apremilast treatment.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Behçet's Syndrome Drug: Apremilast Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study is no longer available outside the clinical trial.   More info ...

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 208 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Doubleblind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Study, Followed by an Active-treatment Phase to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Apremilast (CC-10004) in the Treatment of Subjects With Active Behcet's Disease
Actual Study Start Date : December 16, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 25, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 3, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Placebo + Apremilast
Patients randomized to this arm will receive placebo tablets twice daily by mouth for the first twelve weeks followed by 52 weeks of 30 mg apremilast tablets twice daily by mouth.
Drug: Placebo
Patients randomized to this arm received placebo tablets twice daily by mouth for the first twelve weeks. Upon completion of the Week 12 visit, participants were switched to 30 mg apremilast tablets twice daily by mouth and continued the assigned dose for the 52-week active treatment phase.

Experimental: Apremilast
Patients randomized to this arm will receive 30 mg apremilast tablets twice daily by mouth for 64 weeks.
Drug: Apremilast
Patients randomized to this arm will receive 30 mg apremilast tablets twice daily by mouth for 64 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Otezla
  • CC-10004




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Curve (AUC) for the Number of Oral Ulcers (Counts) From Baseline Through Week 12 (AUC Week 0-12) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    The area under curve (AUC^85) compared the placebo group and the apremilast 30 mg PO BID group using a two-tailed parametric ANCOVA test at the 0.05 level. The ANCOVA included AUC^85 as the response variable; treatment, sex and region as factors and the number of oral ulcers at baseline as a covariate. The multiple imputation (MI) method was used to impute the missing oral ulcer counts on study visits from Day 1 through Week 12.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Oral Ulcer Pain as Measured by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    Pain of oral ulcers was measured using the visual analog scale (VAS). A 100-mm VAS pain scale for oral ulcers was completed by the participant at timepoints specified in the protocol. Each 100-mm VAS was presented to the participant on a validated electronic, hand-held device. The participant was asked to draw a single line perpendicular to the VAS line at the point that represented the severity of their pain during the previous week, with 0 mm (the left-hand end of the scale) representing no pain and 100 mm (the right-hand end of the scale) representing the worst pain imaginable. The distance of the perpendicular line from the left-hand end of the scale was recorded. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  2. Change From Baseline in Disease Activity as Measured by Behçet's Syndrome Activity Score (BSAS) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    The Behçet's Syndrome Activity Score (BSAS) contains 10 questions, including ones that assess the number of new oral and genital ulcers and skin lesions; assess gastrointestinal (GI), CNS, vascular, and ocular involvement; and evaluates the subject's current level of discomfort. The Behçet's Syndrome Activity Score ranges from 0 to 100, with a higher score indicating a higher level of activity. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  3. Change From Baseline in Disease Activity as Measured by Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF): Behçet's Disease Current Activity Index (BDCAI) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    The Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF) consists of 3 component scores: the Behçet's Disease Current Activity Index (BDCAI) score, the Patient's Perception of Disease Activity, and the Clinician's Overall Perception of Disease Activity. The BDCAI consists of 12 questions regarding disease manifestations over the previous 4 weeks, including oral and genital disease activity, as well as other manifestations of BD involving the skin, joints, GI tract, eyes, nervous system, and vascular system. The BDCAI score is the sum score of 12 items and ranges from 0 to 12. A higher score indicates higher level of disease activity (worsening), and a negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  4. Change From Baseline in Disease Activity as Measured by Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF): Patient's Perception of Disease Activity at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]

    The Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF) consists of 3 component scores: the Behçet's Disease Current Activity Index (BDCAI) score, the Patient's Perception of Disease Activity, and the Clinician's Overall Perception of Disease Activity.

    The Patient's Perception of Disease Activity was assessed on a scale from 1 to 7, where a higher score indicates a higher level of disease activity and a negative change from baseline indicates improvement.


  5. Change From Baseline in Disease Activity as Measured by Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF): Clinician's Overall Perception of Disease Activity at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    The Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF) consists of 3 component scores: the Behçet's disease Current Activity Index (BDCAI) score, the Patient's Perception of Disease Activity, and the Clinician's Overall Perception of Disease Activity. The Physician's Overall Perception of Disease Activity was assessed on a scale from 1 to 7, where a higher score indicates a higher level of disease activity and a negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  6. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an Oral Ulcer Complete Response (Oral Ulcer-Free) by Week 6 and Remained Oral Ulcer-Free for at Least 6 Additional Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    A complete response was defined as the participants who were oral ulcer-free. Comparison of the percentage of participants achieving an oral ulcer-free by Week 6, after start of dosing, and who remained oral ulcer free for at least 6 additional weeks during the 12-week Placebo-controlled Treatment Phase between the apremilast-treated and the placebo treated groups.

  7. Time to Oral Ulcer Resolution (Complete Response) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    Time to oral ulcer resolution was the time between the first dose date and the date when a complete response was achieved for the first time during the placebo-controlled treatment phase. For participants who did not achieve complete response or discontinued treatment before a complete response was achieved during the placebo-controlled treatment phase, time to event was censored at the last oral ulcer assessment date during the placebo-controlled treatment phase or the first dose date if no postbaseline ulcer assessment.

  8. Percentage of Participants Who Experienced an Oral Ulcer Complete Response at Week 12 [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    A complete response at Week 12 was defined as the participants who were oral ulcer free at week 12. Comparison of the percentage of participants who were oral ulcer-free between the apremilast-treated and the placebo-treated groups at Week 12.

  9. Change From Baseline in Behçet's Disease Quality of Life (BD Qol) Scores at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    The Behçet's Disease Quality of Life questionnaire was developed to measure the influence of BD on a particpant's life. It consists of 30 self-completed itemized questions that measure disease-related restrictions on the participant's activities and the participant's emotional response to these restrictions. The total score is the sum of all 30 items (each yes scores 1 and each no scores 0), with 0 representing no influence of Behçet's disease on a participant's quality of life and 30 representing the most severe influence. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  10. Percentage of Participants Who Experienced a Complete Response For Genital Ulcers at Week 12 [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    A complete response at Week 12 was defined as the participants who were genital ulcer free at week 12. Comparison of the percentage of participants who were genital ulcer-free (complete response: free from active genital ulcers) between the apremilast-treated and the placebo-treated groups at Week 12.

  11. Percentage of Participants With no Oral Ulcers Following a Complete Response [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    The definition includes participants who remained oral ulcer free after achieving a complete response prior to Week 12.

  12. Time to Recurrence of Oral Ulcers Following Loss of CR Who Had a CR Prior to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 12 ]
    Time to recurrence of oral ulcer following the loss of CR was defined as the first instance when a participant had a reappearance of oral ulcers following a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Treatment Phase. For participants who did not have oral ulcer recurrence or discontinued treatment before any oral ulcer recurrence during the Placebo-controlled Treatment Phase, time to event is censored at the last oral ulcer assessment during Placebo-controlled Treatment Phase; For participants without any oral ulcer assessment following the first complete response, time to event is censored to the first complete response date.

  13. Number of Oral Ulcers Following Loss of Complete Response Through Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    Number of oral ulcers following loss of complete response, ie, the first instance when a participant had a reappearance of oral ulcers following a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Treatment Phase.

  14. Change From Baseline in the Total Score of the Static Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) of Skin Lesions of BD at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]

    The scoring system for the Static Physician's Global Assessments was used as follows:

    Score 0 = clear in severity and described as clear skin Score 1 = mild in severity and described as presence if 1 to 10 lesions (papules, pustules, cysts) at any anatomical site.

    Score 2 = Moderate; presence of 11 to 20 lesions (papules, pustules, cysts) any anatomical site Score 3 = Severe; presence of >20 lesions (papules, pustules, cysts) any anatomical site


  15. Change From Baseline in Genital Ulcer Pain as Measured by VAS Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ]
    Pain of genital ulcers was measured using the visual analog scale. A 100-mm VAS pain scale for genital ulcers was completed by the participant at timepoints specified in the protocol. Each 100-mm VAS was presented to the participant on a validated, electronic hand-held device. The participant was asked to draw a single line perpendicular to the VAS line at the point that represented the severity of their pain during the previous week, with 0 mm (the left-hand end of the scale) representing no pain and 100 mm (the right-hand end of the scale) representing the worst pain imaginable. The distance of the perpendicular line from the left-hand end of the scale was measured by ruler and recorded. When responding to a VAS item, participants specify their level of agreement to a statement by indicating a position along a continuous line between two end-points. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  16. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) During the Placebo- Controlled Period [ Time Frame: From the date of the first dose of IP in the placebo-controlled phase to the date of the first dose of apremilast (APR) in the active treatment phase; median duration of treatment = 12 weeks ]
    A TEAE is an adverse event (AE) with a start date on or after the date of the first dose of investigational product and no later than 28 days after the last dose of IP. An AE is any noxious, unintended, or untoward medical occurrence that may appear or worsen in a subject during the course of a study. A serious AE is any AE that results in death; is life-threatening; requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or constitutes an important medical event. For both AEs and SAEs the investigator assessed the severity of the event according to the grading scale: Mild: asymptomatic or with mild symptoms, Moderate: symptoms causing moderate discomfort and local or noninvasive intervention is indicated or Severe: symptoms causing severe discomfort or pain, symptoms requiring medical/surgical intervention.

  17. Number of Participants With TEAEs During the Apremilast-Exposure Period [ Time Frame: From lst dose of APR (for those randomized to APR at Week 0 or for those randomized to placebo and switched to APR at Week 12) after 28 days of last APR dose; median duration of APR treatment = 52 weeks (placebo/APR arm) and 63.86 weeks for APR/APR arm ]
    A TEAE is an adverse event (AE) with a start date on or after the date of the first dose of investigational product (IP) and no later than 28 days after the last dose of IP. An AE is any noxious, unintended, or untoward medical occurrence that may appear or worsen in a subject during the course of a study. A serious AE is any AE that results in death; is life-threatening; requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or constitutes an important medical event. For both AEs and SAEs the investigator assessed the severity of the event according to the grading scale: Mild: asymptomatic or with mild symptoms, Moderate: symptoms causing moderate discomfort and local or noninvasive intervention is indicated or Severe: symptoms causing severe discomfort or pain, symptoms requiring medical/surgical intervention.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent document prior to any study related assessments/procedures being conducted.
  2. Male and female subjects ≥18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent document.
  3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  4. Diagnosed with Behcet's disease meeting th4 International Study Group (ISG) criteria,
  5. Oral ulcers that occurred at least 3 times in the previous 12-month period, including oral ulcers at the screening visit.
  6. Subjects must have at least 2 oral ulcers at Visit 1 (Screening Visit), and:

    1. At least 2 oral ulcers at Visit 2 (day of randomization), when Visit 2 occurs at least 14 days after Visit 1. OR
    2. At least 3 oral ulcers at Visit 2 (day of randomization), when Visit 2 occurs at any time between 1 day and 42 days after Visit 1.
  7. Have prior treatment with at least 1 non-biologic Behçet's disease therapy, such as, but not limited to, topical corticosteroids, or systemic treatment.
  8. Candidate for systemic therapy, for the treatment of oral ulcers.

    a. A candidate for systemic therapy is a subject judged by the study Investigator as someone whose mucocutaneous ulcers are considered inappropriate for topical therapy based on the severity of disease and extent of the affected area, or whose oral ulcers cannot be adequately controlled by topical therapy.

  9. Laboratory Measures: Must meet the following laboratory measures:

    • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
    • White blood cell (WBC) count ≥ 3000 /L(≥ 3.0 X 10^9/L) and ≤ 14,000/L (≤ 14 X 10^9/L )
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000 /L (≥ 100 X 10^9/L)
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (≤ 132.6 μmol/L)
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST [serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, SGOT]) and alanine transaminase (ALT [serum glutamate pyruvic transaminase, SGPT]) ≥1.5 X ULN. Subjects who fail screening due to ≥ 1.5 X ULN AST/SGOT and/or ALT/SGPT will be allowed to repeat AST/SGOT and/or ALT/SGPT tests within the screening phase. Repeat test results should be ≤ ULN (within reference range) to be eligible.

Laboratory tests will be allowed to be repeated 1 time if, in the Investigator's clinical judgment, there is a reasonable possibility of the repeat tests not meeting the exclusion values, and with concurrence from the Medical Monitor.

Contraception Requirements:

All Females of Child Bearing Potential (FCBP) must use one of the approved contraceptive options as described below while taking apremilast and for at least 28 days after administration of the last dose of the apremilast.

At the time of study entry, and at any time during the study when a FCBP's contraceptive measures or ability to become pregnant changes, the Investigator will educate the subject regarding contraception options and the correct and consistent use of effective contraceptive methods in order to successfully prevent pregnancy.

All FCBP must have a negative pregnancy test at Visits 1 and 2. All FCBP subjects who engage in activity in which conception is possible must use one of the approved contraceptive options described below:

Option 1: Any one of the following highly effective methods: hormonal contraception (oral, injection, implant, transdermal patch, vaginal ring); intrauterine device (IUD); tubal ligation; or partner's vasectomy; OR Option 2: Male or female condom (latex condom or non-latex condom NOT made out of natural [animal] membrane [for example, polyurethane]); PLUS one additional barrier method: (a) diaphragm with spermicide; (b) cervical cap with spermicide; or (c) contraceptive sponge with spermicide.

Male subjects (including those who have had a vasectomy) who engage in activity in which conception is possible must use barrier contraception (latex or non-latex condoms NOT made out of natural [animal] membrane [for example, polyurethane]) while on IP and for at least 28 days after the last dose of IP.

Exclusion Criteria: The presence of any of the following will exclude a subject from the study enrollment. Disease Specific Exclusions:

  1. Behçet's disease-related active major organ involvement - pulmonary (eg, pulmonary artery aneurysm), vascular (eg, thrombophlebitis), gastrointestinal (eg, ulcers along the gastrointestinal tract), and central nervous systems (eg, meningoencephalitis) manifestations, and ocular lesions (eg, uveitis) requiring immunosuppressive therapy; however:

    1. Previous major organ involvement is allowed if it occurred at least 1 year prior to Visit 1 (Screening Visit) and is not active at time of enrollment.
    2. Subjects with mild BD-related ocular lesions not requiring systemic immunosuppressive therapy are allowed.
    3. Subjects with BD-related arthritis and BD-skin manifestations are also allowed.
  2. Previous exposure to biologic therapies for the treatment of BD oral ulcers ( Previous biologic therapy exposure is allowed for other indications, including other manifestations of BD)
  3. Prior use of apremilast.
  4. Use of any investigational medication within 4 weeks prior to Visit 2 or 5 pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic half-lives (whichever is longer).
  5. Current use of strong cytochrome P450 enzyme inducers (eg, rifampin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin)
  6. Having received concomitant immune modulating therapy (except oral or topical corticosteroids) within:

    • Seven days prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for colchicines
    • Ten days prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil
    • Four weeks (28 days) prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for cyclosporine, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dapsone.

    Note: Oral and topical corticosteroids must have been tapered as appropriate and discontinued prior to the day of Visit 2 (day of randomization).

    • At least 5 terminal half-lives for all biologics, including, but not limited to, those listed below; within:
    • Four weeks prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for etanercept
    • Eight weeks prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for infliximab
    • Ten weeks prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for adalimumab, golimumab, certolizumab, abatacept, and tocilizumab
    • Six months prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for secukinumab
  7. Having received intra-articular or parenteral corticosteroids within 6 weeks (42 days) prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization).
  8. Any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from participating in the study.
  9. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study.
  10. Inability to provide voluntary consent.
  11. Pregnant women or breast feeding mothers.
  12. Systemic or opportunistic fungal infection.
  13. Known active current or history of recurrent bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial or other infections (including but not limited to tuberculosis and atypical mycobacterial disease, hepatitis B and C and herpes zoster, histoplasmosis, coccidiomycosis, but excluding onychomycosis) or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with IV or oral antibiotics within 4 weeks of the Screening Phase.
  14. Clinically significant abnormality on chest radiograph.
  15. Clinically significant abnormality on 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG).
  16. History of positive test for, or any clinical suspicion of, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (eg, common variable immunodeficiency disease).
  17. Malignancy or history of malignancy, except for:

    1. treated (ie, cured) basal cell or squamous cell in situ skin carcinomas;
    2. treated (ie, cured) cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or carcinoma in situ of the cervix with no evidence of recurrence within the previous 5 years of Visit 1.
  18. Any condition that confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  19. Scheduled surgery or other interventions that would interrupt the subject's participation in the study.
  20. Prior history of suicide attempt at any time in the subject's lifetime prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) or major psychiatric illness requiring hospitalization within 3 years prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02307513


  Show 63 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Sue Cheng, MD Celgene
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Celgene:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] August 25, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 2, 2016


Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Celgene
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02307513     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CC-10004-BCT-002
2013-004800-20 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 4, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 11, 2019
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Keywords provided by Celgene:
APREMILAST (CC-10004)
CC-10004
Efficacy
Safety
Phase 3
Behçet's Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Behcet Syndrome
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Uveitis, Anterior
Panuveitis
Uveitis
Uveal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Vasculitis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Vascular
Thalidomide
Apremilast
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents