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Trial record 45 of 180 for:    Phospholipids

Genetic Polymorphisms Associated With CAD

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02307422
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of California, San Diego
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Interleukin Genetics, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The design and purpose of the current study is to expand and validate previous findings that the IL-1 gene cluster composite genotype patterns potentiate the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular events mediated by OxPL and Lp(a). A secondary objective is to validate other, non IL-1 genetic variants associated with CAD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Coronary Artery Disease Genetic: IL-1 Genotypes, other SNPs associated with CAD

Detailed Description:
The conclusions from an earlier study indicate that the contribution of OxPL/apoB and Lp(a) on angiographically documented CAD and CAD events is conditional on proinflammatory IL-1 genotypes. This novel paradigm links the etiology of atherogenesis attributed to OxPL and Lp(a) from genetics to clinical expression of CAD. ILI has also identified the functional IL-1 gene variations that regulate the IL1B gene in a haplotype context and appear to explain over-expression of IL-1β, as well as the expression of other inflammatory biomolecules that are downstream of IL-1β. The functional IL-1 variants have been combined into patterns that have been associated with risk for more severe periodontal disease across multiple ethnic/racial populations. It is also important to test this functional genetic pattern for similar interactions with OxPL and Lp(a) biomarker levels in association with angiographically documented CAD and CAD events. DNA has been extracted from previously obtained subject blood samples (1173 subjects; 18 years to 90 years at entry (coronary angiography)) at the University General Hospital of Ioannina, Greece study site. DNAs will be labeled by anonymized subject ID # (de-identified), and shipped to ILI for genotyping and genetic analysis. Phase II will determine whether other gene variations (SNPs) previously shown in the literature to be associated with CAD and/or CAD-related secondary events can be validated in this study population.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 1173 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Genetic Polymorphisms Associating With CAD, Inflammatory Biomarkers, and Oxidized Phospholipids in a Greek Population
Study Start Date : November 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Case
Diabetic patients undergoing coronary angiography (both sexes), who are age 18-90, and admitted in the Department of Cardiology in the University General Hospital of Ioannina and Catheterization Laboratory of 1st IKA Hospital in Athens and undergo coronary angiography for clinical purposes will be studied. Presence epicardial vessel stenosis (>50%), and multi-vessel disease will be recorded. Excluded: previous history of revascularization procedure or moderate to severe stenosis. Patient samples will be evaluated for quantitative levels of the biomarkers Lp(a) and OXPL/apoB. IL-1 Genotypes, and other SNPs associated with CAD will be assessed in this group and related to levels of Lp(a) and oxidized phospolipids. No interventions other than the post-hoc DNA testing will be performed.
Genetic: IL-1 Genotypes, other SNPs associated with CAD
Genotyping will be carried out by a CLIA-certified genotyping facility at ILI, Waltham MA. DNA concentrations will be adjusted to a range compatible with multiple PCR conditions. Genotyping will be accomplished by performing multiplex polymerase chain reactions (PCR) specifically targeting the surrounding sequences for the SNPs being studied. A single base extension assay will be hybridized to a 48-plex microarray plate and read on a SNPstream Genotyping System (Beckman-Coulter).

Control
Non-diabeticpatients undergoing coronary angiography (both sexes), who are age 18-90, and admitted in the Department of Cardiology in the University General Hospital of Ioannina and Catheterization Laboratory of 1st IKA Hospital in Athens and undergo coronary angiography for clinical purposes will be studied. Presence epicardial vessel stenosis (>50%), and multi-vessel disease will be recorded. Excluded: previous history of revascularization procedure or moderate to severe stenosis. Patient samples will be evaluated for quantitative levels of the biomarkers Lp(a) and OXPL/apoB. IL-1 Genotypes, and other SNPs associated with CAD will be assessed in this group and related to levels of Lp(a) and oxidized phospolipids. No interventions other than the post-hoc DNA testing will be performed.
Genetic: IL-1 Genotypes, other SNPs associated with CAD
Genotyping will be carried out by a CLIA-certified genotyping facility at ILI, Waltham MA. DNA concentrations will be adjusted to a range compatible with multiple PCR conditions. Genotyping will be accomplished by performing multiplex polymerase chain reactions (PCR) specifically targeting the surrounding sequences for the SNPs being studied. A single base extension assay will be hybridized to a 48-plex microarray plate and read on a SNPstream Genotyping System (Beckman-Coulter).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evidence of IL-1 risk genotypes of the Heart Health Test in relation to levels of Lp(a)(mg/dL) and oxPL/apoB (RLU) in CAD patients. [ Time Frame: Approximately 1 year ]
    Compare the frequencies of positive and negative genetic test results (Heart Health Test, composite genotype of rs17561, rs1143634, rs16944) among CAD patients based on previously collected levels (eg. quartiles) of LP(a) and specific oxidized phospholipids among diabetic and non-diabetic subjects.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evidence of IL-1 risk genotypes of the PerioPredict Test in relation to levels of Lp(a)(mg/dL) and oxPL/apoB (RLU) in CAD patients. [ Time Frame: Approximately 1 year ]
    Compare the frequencies of positive and negative genetic test results (PerioPredict Test, composite genotype of rs16944, rs1143623, rs4848306, rs1143633)among CAD patients based on previously collected levels (eg. quartiles) of LP(a) and specific oxidized phospholipids among diabetic and non-diabetic subjects.

  2. Evidence for other non IL-1 gene SNPs, previously shown to be associated with CAD, in relation to levels of Lp(a)(mg/dL) and oxPL/apoB (RLU) among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. [ Time Frame: Approximately 1 year ]
    Compare the frequencies of SNP alleles, haplotypes, and composite genotypes among CAD patients based on levels (eg. quartiles) of LP(a) in mg/dL and oxidized phospholipids/apoB (RLU) among diabetic to non-diabetic subjects.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
DNA has been extracted from previously obtained subject blood samples at the University General Hospital of Ioannina, Greece study site. DNAs will be labeled by anonymized subject ID # (de-identified), and shipped to ILI for genotyping and genetic analysis.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients between 18 years to 90 years at entry (coronary angiography) of both genders. Patients with a previous history of coronary revascularization procedure or moderate to severe stenosis will be excluded. Diabetics and non-diabetics, with or without known CV disease, who are admitted in the Department of Cardiology in the University General Hospital of Ioannina and the Catheterization Laboratory of 1st IKA Hospital in Athens and undergo coronary angiography for clinical purposes will be studied. The study includes subjects who; 1) have suspected CAD and undergo a scheduled diagnostic angiogram for clinical reasons, and 2) are hospitalized because of an acute coronary syndrome and thus undergo diagnostic angiography (with or without previous history of CAD).
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Diabetics and non-diabetics, with or without known CV disease, who are admitted in the Department of Cardiology in the University General Hospital of Ioannina and the Catheterization Laboratory of 1st IKA Hospital in Athens and undergo coronary angiography at ages 18-90 for clinical purposes will be studied. The study includes subjects who; 1) have suspected CAD and undergo a scheduled diagnostic angiogram for clinical reasons, and 2) are hospitalized because of an acute coronary syndrome and thus undergo diagnostic angiography (with or without previous history of CAD).

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Exclusion Criteria: Patients < 18 years old and > 90 years old at time of coronary angiography. Patients with a previous history of coronary revascularization procedure or moderate to severe stenosis will be excluded.

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02307422


Sponsors and Collaborators
Interleukin Genetics, Inc.
University of California, San Diego
Investigators
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Study Director: Lynn Doucette-Stamm, Ph.D. Interleukin Genetics, Inc.

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Interleukin Genetics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02307422     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ILI-14-133-C-UCSD
First Posted: December 4, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Data will be shared with collaborators at University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases