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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    DEN-204
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Safety and Immunogenicity of Different Schedules of Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) in Healthy Participants

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02302066
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 26, 2014
Results First Posted : February 24, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the humoral immune responses to three different dose schedules of Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) administered subcutaneously in healthy participants between 2 and <18 years of age living in dengue endemic countries.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dengue Fever Biological: Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) Biological: TDV Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The vaccine tested in this study is Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) which was administered in 3 different dosing schedules to participants aged from 2 to 17 years resident in dengue endemic countries. This study looked at the titers of antibodies to dengue fever elicited in people who received TDV.

The study randomized 1800 healthy participants. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the four treatment groups in a 1:2:5:1 ratio—which remained undisclosed to the participant and study doctor during the study (unless there was an urgent medical need):

  • Group 1 - TDV 0.5 mL subcutaneous (SC) injection Days 1 and 91
  • Group 2 - TDV 0.5 mL SC injection Day 1
  • Group 3 - TDV 0.5 mL SC injection Days 1 and 365
  • Group 4 - Placebo (dummy SC) - this is a liquid that looks like the study drug but has no active ingredient

A total of 600 participants were planned to be randomly included in immunogenicity analyses (approximately 100 participants planned in each of Group 1 and Group 4, and 200 participants planned in each of Group 2 and Group 3).

In order to keep the treatment arms undisclosed to the participant and the doctor, participants received a placebo injection at any study visit where TDV was not being administered (Days 1 and/or 91 and/or 365).

Participants were asked to record any symptoms that may be related to the vaccine or the injection site in a diary card for 28 days after each vaccination.

This multi-center trial was conducted in Asia and Latin America. Participants were followed for 48 months with 10 protocol-scheduled visits for participants included in the planned immunogenicity subset of approximately 600 subjects and 7 protocol-scheduled visits for subjects not included in the immunogenicity subset.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1800 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of Different Schedules of Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) in Healthy Subjects Aged Between 2 and <18 Years and Living in Dengue Endemic Countries in Asia and Latin America
Actual Study Start Date : December 5, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 18, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : February 18, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dengue

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1 (TDV 2-Dose)
Takeda's tetravalent dengue vaccine candidate (TDV), 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Days 1 and 91. Placebo-matching vaccine, 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Day 365.
Biological: Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV)
TDV subcutaneous injection

Biological: TDV Placebo
Placebo-matching vaccine

Experimental: Group 2 (TDV 1-Dose)
Takeda's tetravalent dengue vaccine candidate (TDV), 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Day 1. Placebo-matching vaccine, 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Days 91 and 365.
Biological: Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV)
TDV subcutaneous injection

Biological: TDV Placebo
Placebo-matching vaccine

Experimental: Group 3 (TDV 1-Dose + Booster)
Takeda's tetravalent dengue vaccine candidate (TDV), 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Days 1 and 365. Placebo-matching vaccine, 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Day 91.
Biological: Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV)
TDV subcutaneous injection

Biological: TDV Placebo
Placebo-matching vaccine

Placebo Comparator: Group 4 (Placebo Control)
Placebo-matching vaccine, 0.5 mL, subcutaneous injection on Days 1, 91 and 365.
Biological: TDV Placebo
Placebo-matching vaccine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Geometric Mean Titers (GMTs) of Neutralizing Antibodies (Microneutralization Test [MNT50]) for Each of the Four DENV Serotypes for Participants in the Immunogenicity Subset [ Time Frame: Up to Month 48 ]
    GMTs of neutralizing antibodies were measured by microneutralization test 50% [MNT50] for each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes. The 4 dengue virus serotypes were DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. Data reported for up to Month 48 was collected at Months 1, 3, 6, 12, 13, 18, 24, 36 and 48.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seropositivity Rates For Each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes for Participants in the Immunogenicity Subset [ Time Frame: Months 1, 3, 6, 12, 13, 18, 24, 36, and 48 ]
    Seropositivity rate, defined as the percentage of participants seropositive, was derived from the titers of dengue-neutralizing antibodies. Seropositivity defined as a reciprocal neutralizing titer ≥10 (for each serotype). The 4 dengue virus serotypes were DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local (Injection Site) Adverse Events (AEs) (Diary Recorded) by Severity in the Immunogenicity Subset of Infant/Toddler Following Each Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 7 days after each vaccination ]
    Solicited local injection included pain, erythema at injection site, and swelling at injection site. They were collected using a diary and graded as [Grade 0 (no pain), 1 (mild: minor reaction to touch), 2 (moderate: cries/protests on touch) and 3 (severe: cries when limb is moved/spontaneously painful)]. Erythema and Swelling at injection site were graded as Grade 0 (<10 mm), 1 (mild: ≥10 - ≤ 20 mm), 2 (moderate: > 20 - ≤ 40 mm) and 3 (severe: > 40 mm).

  3. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local (Injection Site) Adverse Events (AEs) (Diary Recorded) by Severity in the Immunogenicity Subset of Adult/Children Following Each Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 7 days after each vaccination ]
    Solicited local injection site reactions were collected by participant diary and graded as [Grade 0 (no pain), 1 (mild: no interference with daily activity), 2 (moderate: interference with daily activity with or without treatment) and 3 (severe: prevents daily activity with or without treatment)]. Erythema and Swelling at injection site were graded as Grade 0 (<25 mm), 1 (mild: ≥25 - ≤ 50 mm), 2 (moderate: > 50 - ≤ 100 mm).

  4. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (AEs) (Diary Recorded) by Severity in the Immunogenicity Subset of Infant/Toddler Following Each Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after each vaccination ]
    Solicited systemic AEs were collected within 14 days after vaccination using a diary and included drowsiness, graded as 0-behavior as usual, 1-mild: drowsiness easily tolerated, 2-moderate: drowsiness that interferes with normal activity and 3-severe: prevents normal activity with or without treatment; irritability/fussiness, graded as 0-behavior as usual, mild: crying more than usual/no effect on normal activity, moderate: crying more than usual/interferes with normal activity and severe: crying that cannot be comforted/prevents normal; loss of appetite, graded as 0-apetite as usual, mild: eating less than usual/no effect on normal activity, moderate: eating less than usual/interferes with normal activity and severe: not eating at all. A systemic AE of fever (defined as ≥38°C or ≥100.4°F) was derived from a daily temperature reading recorded within 14 days after vaccination. Fever was excluded from the overall count as no severity grading was applied for it.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (AEs) (Diary Recorded) by Severity in the Immunogenicity Subset of Adult/Children Following Each Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after each vaccination ]
    Solicited systemic AEs were collected by participants within 14 days after vaccination and included headache, asthenia, malaise, myalgia and fever. Severity scales for headache were none, mild: no interference with daily activity, moderate: interference with daily activity with or without treatment and severe: prevents normal activity with or without treatment. Severity scales for others were none, mild: no interference with daily activity, moderate: interference with daily activity and severe: prevents daily activity. A systemic AE of fever (defined as ≥38°C or ≥100.4°F) was derived from a daily temperature reading recorded within 14 days after vaccination. Fever was excluded from the overall count as no severity grading was applied for it.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Any Unsolicited Adverse Events (AEs) in the Immunogenicity Subset Following Each Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 28 days after each vaccination ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From first vaccination through end of study (Day 1460) ]
    An SAE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence or effect that results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or is medically important due to other reasons than the above-mentioned criteria.

  8. Percentage of Participants With Febrile Episodes of Virologically Confirmed Dengue With Onset 30 Days Post-first Vaccination [ Time Frame: From 30 days post-first vaccination through end of study (Day 1460) ]
    Participants with febrile illness (defined as temperature ≥ 38°C on 2 consecutive days) were evaluated for dengue. A dengue infection was considered virologically confirmed by either positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or NS1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Virologically confirmed dengue with onset 30 days after first vaccination within each group.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Is aged 2 to <18 years, at the time of enrolment.
  2. Is in good health at the time of entry into the trial as determined by medical history, physical examination (including vital signs), and clinical judgment of the investigator.
  3. The participant or, when applicable, the participant's legally acceptable representative signs and dates a written, informed consent form (and assent form, where required) and any required privacy authorization prior to the initiation of any trial procedures, after the nature of the trial has been explained according to local regulatory requirements.
  4. Can comply with trial procedures and are available for the duration of follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Febrile illness (temperature ≥ 38°C or 100.4°F) or moderate or severe acute illness or infection at the time of enrolment. Trial entry should be delayed until the illness has improved.
  2. Individuals with history or any illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with the results of the trial or pose additional risk to the participants due to participation in the trial, including but not limited to: a. Known hypersensitivity or allergy to any of the vaccine components; b. Female participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding; c. Individuals with any serious chronic or progressive disease according to judgment of the investigator (e.g. neoplasm, insulin-dependent diabetes, cardiac, renal or hepatic disease, neurologic or seizure disorder or Guillain-Barré syndrome); d. Known or suspected impairment/alteration of immune function, including: i. Chronic use of oral steroids (Equivalent to 20 mg/day prednisone ≥ 12 weeks / ≥ 2 mg/kg body weight / day prednisone ≥ 2 weeks) within 60 days prior to Day 1 (use of inhaled, intranasal, or topical corticosteroids is allowed); ii. Receipt of parenteral steroids (Equivalent to 20 mg/day prednisone ≥ 12 weeks / ≥ 2 mg/kg body weight / day prednisone ≥ 2 weeks) within 60 days prior to Day 1; iii. Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the first administration of the investigational vaccine or planned administration during the trial; iv. Receipt of immunostimulants within 60 days prior to Day 1; v. Immunosuppressive therapy such as anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within 6 months preceding (first) vaccination; vi. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or HIV-related disease; vii. Genetic immunodeficiency.
  3. Individuals who received any other vaccines within 14 days (for inactivated vaccines) or 28 days (for live vaccines) prior to enrollment in this trial or who are planning to receive any vaccine within 28 days of investigational vaccine administration.
  4. Individuals participating in any clinical trial with another investigational product 30 days prior to first trial visit or intent to participate in another clinical trial at any time during the conduct of this trial.
  5. Individuals who are first degree relatives of individuals involved in trial conduct.
  6. If female of childbearing potential, sexually active, and has not used any of the "acceptable contraceptive methods" for at least 2 months prior to trial entry: a. Of childbearing potential is defined as status post onset of menarche and not meeting any of the following conditions: menopausal (for at least 2 years), bilateral tubal ligation (at least 1 year previously), bilateral oophorectomy (at least 1 year previously) or hysterectomy; b. Acceptable birth control methods are defined as one or more of the following: i. Hormonal contraceptive (such as oral, injection, transdermal patch, implant, cervical ring); ii. Barrier (condom with spermicide or diaphragm with spermicide) each and every time during intercourse; iii. Intrauterine device (IUD); iv. Monogamous relationship with vasectomized partner. Partner must have been vasectomized for at least six months prior to the participants' trial entry.
  7. If female of childbearing potential, sexually active and refuses to use an "acceptable contraceptive method" through to 6 weeks after the last dose of investigational vaccine.
  8. Individuals who participated in a previous dengue vaccine trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02302066


Locations
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Dominican Republic
Hospital Maternidad Nuestra Senora de la Altagracia
Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 10204
Panama
Centro De Vacunacion Internacional, S.A.(CEVAXIN)
Ciudad de Panama, Panama, 10662
Philippines
Dela Salle Health Sciences Institute
Dasmarinas, Cavite, Philippines, 4114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
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Study Director: Program Medical Director Takeda
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Takeda:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 31, 2016
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 21, 2016


Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02302066    
Other Study ID Numbers: DEN-204
PHRR140804-000219 ( Registry Identifier: PHRR )
U1111-1154-2475 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
2018-003978-28 ( Registry Identifier: EudraCT )
First Posted: November 26, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 24, 2020
Last Update Posted: February 24, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda makes patient/subject-level, de-identified data sets and associated documents available for all interventional studies after applicable marketing approvals and commercial availability have been received (or program is completely terminated), an opportunity for the primary publication of the research and final report development has been allowed, and other criteria have been met as set forth in Takeda's Data Sharing Policy (see www.TakedaClinicalTrials.com for details). To obtain access, researchers must submit a legitimate academic research proposal for adjudication by an independent review panel, who will review the scientific merit of the research and the requestor's qualifications and conflict of interest that can result in potential bias. Once approved, qualified researchers who sign a data sharing agreement are provided access to these data in a secure research environment.
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dengue
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs