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Phase 2 Nab® -Paclitaxel (Abraxane®) Plus Gemcitabine in Subjects With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer (LAPC) (LAPACT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02301143
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 25, 2014
Results First Posted : January 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene

Brief Summary:
This clinical study is in subjects who are 18 years old or older with locally advanced pancreatic cancer who have not received prior treatment for their pancreatic cancer. The study treats all subjects with nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for approximately 6 months of treatment. Subjects who complete the treatment will choose, with their treating physicians, what additional treatment should be given: more nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine, Chemoradiation therapy, or surgery to treat the locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Neoplasms Drug: nab-Paclitaxel Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Chemoradiation Drug: Capecitabine Procedure: Surgery Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is an international, non-randomized, open-label, multi-center, Phase 2 study in subjects who are 18 years old or older with locally advanced pancreatic cancer who have not received prior treatment for their pancreatic cancer. All subjects will be treated with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for 6 cycles followed by an Investigator's Choice of continuation of treatment with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine, chemoradiation therapy, or surgery.

Safety assessments by laboratory testing and physical exams will be conducted through-out the study.

Efficacy assessments by physical exam will be preformed through-out the study and tumor imaging will be conducted approximately every 2 months.

Subjects will be considered active study participants from enrollment up to, but not including, survival follow-up period.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 107 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) Plus Gemcitabine in Subjects With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer (LAPC): An International, Open-label, Multi-center, Phase 2 Study (LAPACT).
Actual Study Start Date : April 21, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 21, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 26, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: nab-Paclitaxel plus Gemcitabine

nab-Paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 intravenous (IV) infusion over approximately 30 to 45 minutes on Days 1, 8, and 15, followed by gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 IV infusion over approximately 30 minutes on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28-day cycle Subjects who complete 6 cycles of nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine without disease progression or unacceptable toxicities, the Investigator will then determine the best option for the subject.

  • Continuation of nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine therapy to disease progression or unacceptable toxicity OR
  • Chemoradiation therapy consisting of the concurrent use of capecitabine or gemcitabine with radiation according to institutional practice OR
  • Surgical intervention
Drug: nab-Paclitaxel
Other Name: Abraxane

Drug: Gemcitabine
Other Name: Gemzar

Drug: Chemoradiation
Drug: Capecitabine
Procedure: Surgery
Surgical intervention




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment up to 28.75 months; (maximum time for the last tumor assessment) ]

    TTF was defined as the time after the first dose of study therapy to discontinuation of study therapy due to disease progression, death by any cause, or the start of a new non-protocol-defined anticancer therapy/surgery. If a participant does not progress, die or start a new non-protocol-defined anticancer therapy, the participant was censored on the last tumor assessment date.

    Tumor evaluations of CT or MRI scans were assessed by the investigative sites and response determined according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines, version 1.1.

    The definition for progressive disease (PD) was >= 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions from nadir, and the sum showed an absolute increase of >= 5 mm; the progression of a non-target lesion or the appearance of any new lesions is also considered progression.

    Median and its 90% confidence interval (CI) of TTF were estimated using the method of Brookmeyer and Crowley.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Control Rate (DCR): Percentage of Participants With Complete (CR) or Partial Response (PR), or Stable Disease (SD) for ≥ 16 Weeks According to RECIST Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment up to the end of investigator choice period plus 28 days; up to 76.9 weeks ]

    DCR was defined as the percentage of participants with a CR or PR or SD from of date of first treatment to 16 weeks. Tumor assessments after start of non-protocol-defined anticancer therapy were excluded.

    RECIST 1.1 Definition:

    • CR: disappearance of all target and non-target lesions; any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm and no new lesions diagnosed.
    • PR: a >= 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions from baseline; no evidence of progression in any of the non-target lesions diagnosed at baseline; and no new lesions diagnosed.
    • SD: neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase of lesions to qualify for PD.

    The two-sided 90% binomial confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Wilson score method.


  2. Overall Response Rate (ORR): Percentage of Participants With Complete (CR) or Partial Response (PR) According to RECIST Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment up to the end of investigator choice period plus 28 days; up to 76.9 weeks ]

    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants that achieved a combined incidence of complete (CR) and partial response (PR) using RECIST 1.1 guidelines as assessed by the investigator. Assessments after new non-protocol-defined anticancer therapy are excluded. For participants who had resectable surgery in Investigator Choice period, assessments after surgical intervention are excluded.

    RECIST 1.1 Definition:

    • CR: disappearance of all target and non-target lesions; any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm and no new lesions diagnosed.
    • PR: a >= 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions from baseline; no evidence of progression in any of the non-target lesions diagnosed at baseline; and no new lesions diagnosed.

    The two-sided 90% binomial confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Wilson score method


  3. Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment up to 28.75 months (maximum time for the last tumor assessment) ]

    Progression-free Survival (PFS) was defined as the time from the date of the first dose to the date of disease progression or death (by any cause), whichever is earlier. The analysis day was calculated from enrollment date for one participant who was not treated. Participants who have no disease progression or have not died were censored to last tumor assessment date with progression-free.

    The definition for progressive disease (PD) was at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions from nadir; the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of >= 5 mm; the progression of a non-target lesion or the appearance of any new lesions is also considered progression.

    Median and its 90% confidence interval of PFS were estimated using the method of Brookmeyer and Crowley.


  4. Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment up to 31.34 months (maximum time for survival follow-up) ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from the date of first dose of study therapy to the date of death (by any cause). Participants who were alive at the end of study or clinical data cut were censored on the last known time that the participant was alive or the clinical cutoff date, whichever was earlier. Median and its 90% confidence interval of OS were estimated using the method of Brookmeyer and Crowley

  5. Participant Counts in Response Categories Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30): Global Health Status and 5 Functioning Scales [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1), Day 1 of each cycle, for up to 19 cycles each cycle consisting of 28 days and the 28-day follow-up visit ]
    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a validated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measure. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is composed of both multi-item scales and single-item measures, including 5 functional scales, 3 symptom scales, 6 single symptom items, and 1 global health status / quality of life scale. No item occurs in more than one scale. All reported measures are transformed to a 0 - 100 scale. In the Global Health Status and 5 functional scales, 0 = worst possible quality of life/health status and 100 = best possible quality of life/health status. The best score on treatment is the best score from all post-baseline visits and is compared to the baseline to get the following responder categories. Responder categories: - Improved: >=10 increase from baseline - Stable: neither increase nor decrease >10 - Worsened: >=10 decrease from baseline

  6. Participant Counts in Response Categories Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30): Symptom Scales and Single Symptom Items [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1), Day 1 of each cycle, for up to 19 cycles each cycle consisting of 28 days and the 28-day follow-up visit ]
    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a validated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measure. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is composed of both multi-item scales and single-item measures, including 5 functional scales, 3 symptom scales, 6 single symptom items, and 1 global health status / quality of life scale. No item occurs in more than one scale. All reported measures are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. In the symptom scales and single symptom items, 0 = optimal health state and 100 = worst possible health state. The best score on treatment is the best score from all post-baseline visits and is compared to the baseline to get the following responder categories. Responder categories: - Improved: >=10 decrease from baseline - Stable: neither increase nor decrease >10 - Worsened: >=10 increase from baseline

  7. Participant Counts in Response Categories Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire For Pancreatic Cancer (EORTC-QLQ PAN26): Six Summary Scales [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1), Day 1 of each cycle, for up to 19 cycles each cycle consisting of 28 days and the 28-day follow-up visit ]
    The EORTC pancreatic cancer module is a validated tool intended for patients at all disease stages undergoing surgical resection, palliative surgical intervention, endoscopic palliation or palliative chemotherapy. The module includes 26 questions, organized into 7 scales and 10 individual item scores. All reported measures are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. Six summary scales reported are: - Pancreatic Pain - Digestive Symptoms - Altered Bowel Habits - Hepatic Scale - Body Image - Sexuality Scores of 0 = optimal health state and 100 = worst possible health state. The best score on treatment is the best score from all post-baseline visits and is compared to the baseline. Responder categories: - Improved: >=MID decrease from baseline - Stable: no increase or decrease >MID - Worsened: >=MID increase from baseline MID = half the baseline standard deviation

  8. Participant Counts in Response Categories Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire For Pancreatic Cancer (EORTC-QLQ PAN26): Satisfaction With Health Care Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1), Day 1 of each cycle, for up to 19 cycles each cycle consisting of 28 days and the 28-day follow-up visit ]
    The EORTC pancreatic cancer module is a validated tool intended for patients at all disease stages undergoing surgical resection, palliative surgical intervention, endoscopic palliation or palliative chemotherapy. The module includes 26 questions, organized into 7 scales and 10 individual item scores. The summary scale for Satisfaction with Health Care is reported. All reported measures are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. Scores of 0 = not satisfied, worst possible health state and 100 = extremely satisfied, best possible health state. The best score on treatment is the best score from all post-baseline visits and is compared to the baseline to get the following responder categories. Responder categories: - Improved: >=MID increase from baseline - Stable: no increase or decrease >MID - Worsened: >=MID decrease from baseline MID = half the baseline standard deviation

  9. Participant Counts in Response Categories Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire For Pancreatic Cancer (EORTC-QLQ PAN26): 10 Individual Item Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1), Day 1 of each cycle, for up to 19 cycles each cycle consisting of 28 days and the 28-day follow-up visit ]
    The EORTC pancreatic cancer module is a validated tool intended for patients at all disease stages undergoing surgical resection, palliative surgical intervention, endoscopic palliation or palliative chemotherapy. The module includes 26 questions, organized into 7 scales and 10 individual item scores. The 10 individual item scores are reported. All reported measures are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. Scores of 0 = best possible health state and 100 = worst possible health state. The best score on treatment is the best score from all post-baseline visits and is compared to the baseline to get the following responder categories. Responder categories: - Improved: >=MID decrease from baseline - Stable: no increase or decrease >MID - Worsened: >=MID increase from baseline MID = half the baseline standard deviation

  10. Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study drug up to end of the study; up to 31.3 months ]
    TEAEs are defined as any adverse event (AE) that begin or worsen on or after the start of study drug or procedure of the study period through the maximum duration of the period plus 28 days. The severity of AEs was graded based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), Version 4.0 and the scale: Grade 1 = Mild Grade 2 = Moderate Grade 3 = Severe Grade 4 = Life threatening Grade 5 = Death. Relation to study drug was determined by the investigator. A treatment-related TEAE is defined as TEAE which was considered to be related to one or both of the study drugs and reported as 'Suspected' on the case report form. AEs with a missing relationship were treated as 'treatment-related' in data summaries. IP (investigational product) refers to nab-Paclitaxel and/or Gemcitabine. "Related" TEAE refers to relation to study drug (IP).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non- metastasis, unresectable, adenocarcinoma pancreatic cancer patients
  • No prior anticancer therapy for pancreatic cancer

    •≥ 18 years of age with a performance status of 0 or 1•Adequate complete blood counts, hepatic function, and renal function

  • Signed informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active bacterial, viral, or fungal infection
  • Infection with hepatitis B or C, or history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, or receiving immunosuppressive or myelosuppressive
  • Subjects with sensory neuropathy, ascites, or plastic biliary stent.
  • Serious medical risk factors involving any of the major organ systems, or serious psychiatric disorders (including but not limited to connective tissue disorders, lung disease, and cardiac or seizure disorders)
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02301143


  Show 42 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene
Investigators
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Study Director: Teng Jin Ong, MD Celgene
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Celgene:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 13, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 6, 2018


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Responsible Party: Celgene
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02301143     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ABI-007-PANC-007
First Posted: November 25, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 8, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Keywords provided by Celgene:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Pancreatic Cancer
Locally advanced pacriatic cancer
nab-Paclitaxel
Abraxane
Gemcitabine
ABI-007
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gemcitabine
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Capecitabine
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs