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A Phase II Randomized Study Evaluating the Biological and Clinical Effects of the Combination of Palbociclib With Letrozole as Neoadjuvant Therapy in Post-Menopausal Women With Estrogen-Receptor Positive Primary Breast Cancer (PALLET)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02296801
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 20, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Pfizer
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Institute of Cancer Research, United Kingdom
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NSABP Foundation Inc

Brief Summary:
This study will look at effects the combination of palbociclib and letrozole may have on estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer tumors which have not yet been treated. Letrozole is a type of endocrine therapy called an aromatase inhibitor (AI) and is standard treatment for post-menopausal women with ER-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Breast Carcinoma Breast Tumors Drug: Letrozole Drug: palbociclib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The FB-11 study is a Phase II, randomized, open label, four arm study to examine the biological and clinical effect of neoadjuvant letrozole with or without palbociclib in the first-line treatment of estrogen-receptor (ER) positive, HER2-negative early invasive breast cancer. The co-primary aims of this study are to to compare the changes in the proliferation marker Ki67, and to compare clinical response after 14 weeks of therapy with letrozole with or without palbociclib.

The FB-11 study initiative is a joint partnership between the NSABP Foundation, Inc. (NSABP) Department of Site and Study Management (DSSM) and United Kingdom (UK) co-investigators at the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR). Parallel protocols will be conducted in the US and Canada (FB-11), and the UK (PALLET) with joint analysis of interim and final data.

Postmenopausal women, newly diagnosed with ER-positive/HER2-negative early breast cancer, who are suitable candidates for neoadjuvant endocrine therapy will be invited to join the FB-11/PALLET trial. Approximately 306 patients will be accrued to this study. Each collaborative group will recruit at least 1/3 and no more than 2/3 of the target accrual.

Patients will be randomized to one of four treatment arms (3:2:2:2 ratio). Treatment in the first 14 weeks of neoadjuvant therapy will be:Arm A Letrozole alone; Arm B Letrozole for 2 weeks followed by letrozole + palbociclib to week 14; Arm C Palbociclib for 2 weeks followed by letrozole + palbociclib to week 14; Arm D Letrozole + palbociclib to week 14.

Letrozole will be administered orally as a 2.5mg daily tablet. Palbociclib will be administered orally as 125mg capsules, daily on a schedule of 3 weeks (21 days) on, 1 week (7 days) off of a 4 week [28 day] cycle.

The end of study therapy for patients in Arm A will be completion of week 14. Patients in Arms B, C, and D will complete study therapy following 14 days of palbociclib in the final treatment cycle past 14 weeks if treatment delays have occurred.

Note: After week 14 (end of study therapy) all patients should continue letrozole until surgery. Letrozole is not considered study therapy beyond completion of week 14 for Arm A or after 14 days of palbociclib in the final treatment cycle for patients in Arms B, C, and D.

Following completion of study therapy, surgery will be scheduled for 15-18 weeks post-randomization. Post-surgical treatment will be at discretion of treating clinician, following local protocols, and not influenced by allocation of treatment within the FB-11/PALLET study.

Toxicity will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0).


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 306 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Study Evaluating the Biological and Clinical Effects of the Combination of Palbociclib With Letrozole as Neoadjuvant Therapy in Post-Menopausal Women With Estrogen-Receptor Positive Primary Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : January 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: A: letrozole
letrozole 2.5 mg tablet orally daily for 14 weeks
Drug: Letrozole
Experimental: B: letrozole then letrozole + palbociclib
letrozole 2.5 mg orally daily plus beginning 2 weeks after starting letrozole, palbociclib 125 mg capsule orally daily for 1 week then 1 week off, then a 3 weeks on and 1 week off cycle for a total of 14 weeks from start of letrozole therapy
Drug: Letrozole Drug: palbociclib
Experimental: C: palbociclib then letrozole + palbociclib
palbociclib 125 mg capsule orally daily (for a 3 weeks on and 1 week off cycle for a total of 14 weeks from start of palbociclib) plus beginning 2 weeks after starting palbociclib, letrozole 2.5 mg tablet orally daily for a total of 12 weeks from start of letrozole therapy
Drug: Letrozole Drug: palbociclib
Experimental: D: letrozole + palbociclib
letrozole 2.5 mg tablet orally daily for a total of 14 weeks plus palbociclib 125 mg capsule orally daily for a 3 weeks on and 1 week off cycle, for a total of 14 weeks from start of therapy
Drug: Letrozole Drug: palbociclib



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measurement of the proliferation marker Ki67 (% positive tumor cells) [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 14 weeks ]
    The change in Ki67 from baseline to 14 weeks.

  2. Clinical Complete Response (cCR): Number of patients who have resolution of measurable lesions or no new lesions or other signs of disease progression compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 14 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathological Complete Response (pCR): Number of patients with no lesions in breast and nodes at time of surgery [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
  2. Preoperative Endocrine Prognostic Index (PEPI) score: [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
    The PEPI score estimates the risk of cancer recurrence after treatment.

  3. Number and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: baseline and weekly through 12 months after randomization ]
  4. Molecular and genetic profiles of samples collected. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 2 and week 14 ]
  5. Measurement of Ki67 marker [ Time Frame: Week 2 and week 14 ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be postmenopausal women defined as: Age 56 or older with no spontaneous menses for at least 12 months prior to study entry; or Age 55 or younger with no menses for at least 12 months prior to study entry (e.g., spontaneous or secondary to hysterectomy) and with a documented estradiol level in the postmenopausal range according to local institutional/laboratory standard; or Age greater than or equal to 18 with documented bilateral oophorectomy.
  • Operable ER-positive/HER2- negative, invasive early breast cancer, suitable for neoadjuvant AI treatment. HER2-negative as determined by American Society of Clinical Oncology - College of American Pathologists (ASCO-CAP) guidelines.
  • No known severe hypersensitivity reactions to compounds similar to palbociclib or palbociclib excipients or to endocrine treatments.
  • A breast tumor with an ultrasound size of at least 2.0 cm.
  • Patients must have the ability to swallow oral medication.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  • At the time of randomization, blood counts performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization must meet the following criteria: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be greater than or equal to 1500/mm3; Platelet count must be greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3; Hemoglobin must be greater than or equal to 10 g/dL.
  • international normalized ratio (INR) must be within normal limits of the local laboratory ranges.
  • The following criteria for evidence of adequate hepatic function performed within 4 weeks prior to study entry must be met: total bilirubin must be less than or equal to upper limit of normal (ULN) for the lab unless the patient has a bilirubin elevation greater than ULN to 1.5 x ULN due to Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin; and alkaline phosphatase must be must be less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab; and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab.
  • Serum creatinine performed within 4 weeks prior to study entry must be less than or equal to 1.25 x ULN or estimated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min (as calculated using the method standard for the institutions).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C with abnormal liver function tests.
  • HIV positive patients receiving antivirals.
  • Premenopausal or peri-menopausal women.
  • Inflammatory/inoperable breast cancer.
  • HER2-positive as determined using ASCO-CAP Guidelines.
  • Concurrent use (defined as use within 4 weeks prior to baseline tissue sample being taken) of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or any other estrogen-containing medication (including vaginal estrogens)
  • Prior endocrine therapy for breast cancer.
  • Any invasive malignancy within previous 5 years (other than basal cell carcinoma or cervical carcinoma in situ).
  • Other nonmalignant systemic disease that would preclude the patient from receiving study treatment or would prevent required follow up such as: Active infection or chronic infection requiring chronic suppressive antibiotics; Malabsorption syndrome, ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, resection of the stomach or small bowel, or other disease or condition significantly affecting gastrointestinal function; Chronic daily treatment with corticosteroids with a dose of greater than or equal to 10 mg/day methylprednisolone equivalent (excluding inhaled steroids); Seizure disorders requiring medication.
  • Diagnosis by fine needle aspiration (FNA) alone or excisional biopsy or lumpectomy performed prior to study entry.
  • Surgical axillary staging procedure prior to study procedure (with exception of FNA or core biopsy).
  • Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease.
  • History of ipsilateral invasive breast cancer regardless of treatment or ipsilateral ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with radiotherapy or contralateral invasive breast cancer at any time.
  • Any treatment, including radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and/or targeted therapy, administered for the currently diagnosed breast cancer prior to study entry.
  • Use of any medication or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A isoenzymes.
  • Class III or Class IV myocardial disease as described by the New York Heart Association; a recent history (within 6 months) of myocardial infarction, or symptomatic arrhythmia at the time of randomization. Class III: Patients with cardiac disease resulting in marked limitation of physical activity. Such patients are comfortable at rest. Less than ordinary physical activity that causes fatigue, palpitation, dyspnea, or anginal pain. Class IV: Patients with cardiac disease resulting in inability to perform any physical activity without discomfort. Symptoms of cardiac insufficiency or anginal syndrome may be present even at rest.
  • QTc greater than 480 msec or a family or personal history of long or short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome or know history of QTc prolongation, or Torsade de Pointes (TdP).
  • The investigator should assess the patient to determine if she has any psychiatric or addictive disorder or other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude her from meeting the study requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02296801


  Show 52 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
NSABP Foundation Inc
Pfizer
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Institute of Cancer Research, United Kingdom
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Norman Wolmark, MD NSABP Foundation Inc

Responsible Party: NSABP Foundation Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02296801     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NSABP FB-11
WI180455 ( Other Identifier: Pfizer )
First Posted: November 20, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 19, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Letrozole
Palbociclib
Estrogens
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Hormones
Protein Kinase Inhibitors