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A Dose-finding Study of MK-8628 in Participants With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (MK-8628-002)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02296476
Recruitment Status : Terminated (This study was terminated due to lack of clinical activity and not due to safety reasons.)
First Posted : November 20, 2014
Results First Posted : May 17, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oncoethix GmbH

Brief Summary:

A study of single-agent MK-8628 (formerly known as OTX015) in recurrent GBM after standard front-line therapy failure.

The first phase of the study (dose escalation) will determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). MTD assessment will be based using dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) observed during the first 28 days of treatment.

The second phase of the study (expansion cohort) will assess efficacy as measured by the progression-free survival rate at 6 months (PFS-6) as determined by an independent central review committee.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Multiforme Drug: MK-8628 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIa Trial With Dose Optimization of OTX015, a Small Molecule Inhibitor of the Bromodomain and Extra-terminal (BET) Proteins, in Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) Patients
Actual Study Start Date : October 29, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 20, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : October 20, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MK-8628 80 mg
Participants received 80 mg of oral MK-8628 administered once daily (in a fasted state) every day in a 28-day cycle for up to 6 cycles.
Drug: MK-8628
Administered orally in a fasted state once daily.
Other Name: OTX015

Experimental: MK-8628 120 mg
Participants received 120 mg of oral MK-8628 administered once daily (in a fasted state) every day in a 28-day cycle for up to 6 cycles.
Drug: MK-8628
Administered orally in a fasted state once daily.
Other Name: OTX015

Experimental: MK-8628 160 mg
Participants received 160 mg of oral MK-8628 administered once daily (in a fasted state) every day in a 28-day cycle for up to 6 cycles.
Drug: MK-8628
Administered orally in a fasted state once daily.
Other Name: OTX015




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) at 6 Months [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Progression-free survival was the time from the start of study treatment to the date of clinical or radiographic evidence of progressive disease according to Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) 2010 criteria or death. Progression, as assessed by RANO 2010, was defined as a ≥25% increase in sum of the products of perpendicular diameters of enhancing lesions; any new lesion; or clinical deterioration. PFS at 6 months was measured as the percentage of participants who were alive and progression-free at Month 6. PFS at 6 months was calculated for all participants who were actively enrolled in the study at the 6-month time point.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    ORR was defined as the number of participants in the analysis population who experienced a Complete Response (CR: complete disappearance of all enhancing measurable and non-measurable disease sustained for at least 4 weeks; no new lesions; no corticosteroids; and stable or improved clinically) or a Partial Response (PR: ≥50% decrease compared with baseline in the sum of products of perpendicular diameters of all measurable enhancing lesions sustained for at least 4 weeks; no new lesions; stable or reduced corticosteroid dose; and stable or improved clinically) and was assessed using RANO 2010.

  2. Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    DOR was the time from the first documented CR (complete disappearance of all enhancing measurable and non-measurable disease sustained for at least 4 weeks; no new lesions; no corticosteroids; and stable or improved clinically)or PR (≥50% decrease compared with baseline in the sum of products of perpendicular diameters of all measurable enhancing lesions sustained for at least 4 weeks; no new lesions; stable or reduced corticosteroid dose; and stable or improved clinically), as assessed by RANO 2010, until documentation of disease progression, or the date of the last tumor assessment (if there was no documented progression), or the last tumor assessment before the start of further antitumor therapy. DOR was calculated for all participants who experienced a CR or PR.

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    OS was the time from the start of study treatment to the date of death. Participants were to be censored at their last contact if they were still alive at the cut-off date. OS was calculated for all participants who did not discontinue from the study due to disease progression.

  4. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    Progression-free survival was the time from the start of study treatment to the date of clinical or radiographic evidence of progressive disease according to RANO 2010 criteria or death. Progression, as assessed by RANO 2010, was defined as a ≥25% increase in sum of the products of perpendicular diameters of enhancing lesions; any new lesion; or clinical deterioration. PFS was measured as the number of participants who were alive and progression-free for up to 6 months.

  5. Number of Participants Who Experienced at Least One Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product/protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product/protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a preexisting condition temporally associated with the use of the product was also an AE. The number of participants who experienced at least one AE is presented.

  6. Number of Participants Who Experienced at Least One Toxicity Grade 3-5 AE [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product/protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a preexisting condition temporally associated with the use of the product was also an AE. The number of participants who experienced ≥1 Grade 3-5 AE per National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.03 criteria is presented. Grade 3 was classified as severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening; hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization indicated; disabling; or limiting self-care; Grade 4 was classified as potentially life-threatening or disabling; and Grade 5 was an AE resulting in death.

  7. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to 6 Months ]
    The number of participants who discontinued study treatment due to an AE is presented.

  8. Number of Participants Who Experienced a Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) During Cycle 1 [ Time Frame: Up to Cycle 1 (Up to 28 days) ]
    A DLT was defined as any of the following toxicities that were considered by the investigator to be related to MK-8628: Hematologic toxicity: Grade 4 hematologic toxicity or febrile neutropenia, Grade 3 neutropenia with infection, Grade 3 thrombocytopenia with bleeding or lasting >7 days; Non-hematologic toxicity: Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity (regardless of duration) unless it was not optimally managed with supportive care, Grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormality lasting >7 days, or intolerable Grade 2 non-hematologic toxicity resulting in study treatment discontinuation or delay >7 days with or without dose reduction.

  9. Observed Maximum Concentration (Cmax) of MK-8628 [ Time Frame: Day 1: Predose and 0.25, 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 hours postdose ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of Cmax of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry and Cmax was calculated using the nonlinear mixed-effects modelling software program Monolix version 4.3.2s. The Cmax of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.

  10. Time to Maximum Concentration (Tmax) of MK-8628 [ Time Frame: Day 1: Predose and 0.25, 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 hours postdose ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the PK analysis of Tmax of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry and Tmax was calculated using the nonlinear mixed-effects modelling software program Monolix version 4.3.2s. The Tmax of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.

  11. Apparent Terminal Half-Life (t1/2) of MK-8628 [ Time Frame: Day 1: Predose and 0.25, 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 hours ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the PK analysis of t1/2 of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry and t1/2 was calculated using the nonlinear mixed-effects modelling software program Monolix version 4.3.2s. The t1/2 of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.

  12. Apparent Total Body Clearance (Cl/F) of MK-8628 [ Time Frame: Day 1: Predose and 0.25, 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 hours ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the PK analysis of Cl/F of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry and Cl/F was calculated using the nonlinear mixed-effects modelling software program Monolix version 4.3.2s. The Cl/F of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.

  13. Apparent Volume of Distribution During the Terminal Phase (Vz/F) of MK-8628 [ Time Frame: Day 1: Predose and 0.25, 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 hours ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the PK analysis of Vz/F of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry and Vz/F was calculated using the nonlinear mixed-effects modelling software program Monolix version 4.3.2s. The Vz/F of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.

  14. Observed Minimum Concentration (Cmin) of MK-8628 [ Time Frame: Predose on Days 29 and 57 ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the PK analysis of Cmin of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry. A single Cmin value for MK-8628 was estimated using dose and steady-state predose concentrations of MK-8628 on Days 29 and 57. The Cmin of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.

  15. Area Under the Concentration-time Curve of MK-8628 From Time 0 to Infinity (AUC 0-∞) [ Time Frame: Day 1: Predose and 0.25, 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 hours ]
    Blood samples were obtained at specified time points for the PK analysis of AUC 0-∞ of MK-8628. MK-8628 concentrations were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry. The AUC 0-∞ was estimated indirectly using the dose and CL/F values. The AUC 0-∞ of MK-8628 after oral administration is presented.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has signed informed consent obtained prior to initiation of any study-specific procedures and treatment. Participants registered for this trial must be treated and followed at the participating centers
  • Has a histologically confirmed diagnosis of de novo glioblastoma multiforme (World Health Organization grade IV astrocytoma) with unequivocal tumor recurrence by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan (performed on a stable steroid dosage received for at least 5 days) following front-line treatment with surgical resection, cranial radiotherapy and temozolomid. Participants who do not undergo surgical resection as part of front-line therapy due to anatomical location based on neurosurgeon's assessment will be permitted if a confirmatory tumor biopsy was performed
  • Has at least one measurable and/or non-measurable lesion as per Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria (Wen et al., 2010)
  • Is at least 18 years old
  • Has a life expectancy >3 months;
  • Has a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥70%
  • Has adequate bone marrow reserve, renal and liver function as demonstrated by the following: absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 x109/L; platelet count ≥150 x109/L; hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL; creatinine 2 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) or calculated creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min (Cockroft and Gault formula or Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] formula for participants aged >65 years); alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3 x ULN, and total bilirubin ≤ULN
  • Has an interval of ≥2 weeks since surgical resection, ≥4 weeks since chemotherapy (≥6 weeks for nitrosoureas), and ≥12 weeks since radiotherapy completion when starting study treatment. Participants with recent tumor resection must have an MRI within 48 hours post-surgery
  • Has archived tumor pathology specimen (paraffin-embedded or frozen block)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has had prior antineoplastic treatment for recurrent disease including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors and cytotoxic agents
  • Is unable to undergo MRI because of non-compatible devices
  • Is unable to swallow oral medications or presence of a gastrointestinal disorder (e.g. malabsorption, resection) deemed to jeopardize intestinal absorption
  • Has persistent grade >1 clinically significant toxicities related to prior antineoplastic therapies
  • Has a history of prior or concomitant malignancies within 5 years of study entry (other than excised non-melanoma skin cancer or cured in situ cervical carcinoma). Male participants with concurrent controlled hormone dependent prostate cancer are allowed
  • Has other serious illness or medical conditions which in the investigator's opinion could hamper understanding of the study by the participant, the participant's compliance to study treatment, participant's safety, or interpretation of study results. These include (but are not restricted to) existence of significant neurologic or psychiatric disorders impairing the ability to obtain consent, uncontrolled infection and known HIV positivity
  • Is taking enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drug (EIAED)
  • Is taking strong CYP3A4 interacting drugs
  • Is participating in another clinical trial or treatment with any investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to first study treatment administration, or 5 half-lives of previously administered drugs, whichever is longer
  • Is pregnant or breast feeding
  • Is not using effective contraception while on study treatment if a participant of child-bearing potential

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02296476


Sponsors and Collaborators
Oncoethix GmbH
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Responsible Party: Oncoethix GmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02296476     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8628-002
OTX015_107 ( Other Identifier: OncoEthix Protocol Number )
MK-8628-002 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
2014-001469-28 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 20, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 17, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue