Hyaluronidase for Trigger Point Injection in Myofascial Pain Syndrome
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02293083|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2014
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is the most common cause of persistent regional pain characterized by myofascial trigger points. Trigger point injection (TPI) using local anesthetics is one of the most effective methods for treatment of MPS, and steroids or botulinum toxin can be added to local injections .
Recent study suggested that the hyaluronan (HA) could be the basis of myofascial pain. HA within the deep fascia facilitates the free sliding of two adjacent fibrous fascial layers. If the HA assumes a more packed conformation, or more generally, if the loose connective tissue inside the fascia alters its density, the behavior of the entire deep fascia and the underlying muscle would be compromised.
The investigators anticipated that hyaluronidase could decrease the viscosity of HA near the muscle and fascia of trigger points. Meanwhile, hyaluronidase is thought to promote the spread of local anesthetic solution by hydrolyzing glycosidic bonds within HA. Hyaluronidase was shown to be effective in retro- and peribulbar block for ophthalmologic surgery or reducing tissue edema in dermatology, and adhesiolysis for some interventional pain managements.
However, the effect of the addition of hyaluronidase to local anesthetics during TPI has not been studied. The investigators aimed to compare the efficacy of TPI with the addition of hyaluronidase compared to local anesthetic alone on pain and quality of life in MPS patients.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Myofascial Pain Syndrome||Drug: trigger point injection||Not Applicable|
Study approval was obtained from Institutional Review Board (IRB) of Samsung medical center, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants.
The required sample size was determined by power analysis on the basis of a previous study. The primary outcome was pain intensity in the posterior neck and upper back after TPI using verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS). The standard deviation of VNRS was assumed to be 20. Power calculations indicated that detecting 20 points difference in VNRS between the two groups (with α = 0.05 and β = 0.1) would require a sample of 29 subjects for each group. To account for dropouts, 33 subjects were recruited for each group.
Group L received TPI with a 3.2 ml of a 1:1 mixture of 1% lidocaine and 0.9% normal saline. Group H received TPI with the same volume of solution supplemented with hyaluronidase (H-LASE®, 1500 iu, L&H Pharm., Seoul, Korea) 600 iu/ml. The investigators monitored vital sign and any signs of complications such as bleeding, hematoma, allergic reactions for 30 minutes. Treatment efficacy was evaluated by one of the authors (J.W.C.) using VNRS. To reduce bias, this evaluator and the participants were not informed of the assigned group.
Patients' characteristics such as age, height, weight, BMI and pretreatment neck disability index (NDI) and brief pain inventory (BPI) were analyzed by independent t-test. The sex distribution was analyzed by the chi-square test. P values were corrected by Bonferroni's method. Pretreatment VNRS and the duration of pain were evaluated by the Wilcoxon two-sample test. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare changes in the VNRS over time between the two groups. Pre- and post-TPI changes in NDI and BPI were compared between the two groups with the Wilcoxon signed rank test and the independent t-test, respectively. All analyses were performed with SPSS 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) statistical software. Significance was assumed for P values of less than 0.05.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||61 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Effect of Hyaluronidase Addition to Lidocaine for Trigger Point Injection in Myofascial Pain Syndrome|
|Study Start Date :||April 2010|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2011|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2011|
Group L received trigger point injection with a 3.2 ml of a 1:1 mixture of 1% lidocaine and 0.9% normal saline
Drug: trigger point injection
Group H received trigger point injection with the same volume of solution supplemented with hyaluronidase (H-LASE®, 1500 iu, L&H Pharm., Seoul, Korea) 600 iu/ml
Drug: trigger point injection
- Degree of pain as measured by the verbal numerical rating scale [ Time Frame: within 2 weeks after intervention ]