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Efficacy and Safety of NEM® Brand Eggshell Membrane in Patients With Grade 2/3 Knee Osteoarthritis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02291757
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 14, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Optimum Contract Research Organisation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Generica Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NEM® brand eggshell membrane in patients with grades 2 and 3 knee osteoarthritis (OA) having significant joint pain and stiffness, in a large, multi-center clinical trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis, Knee Dietary Supplement: NEM brand eggshell membrane Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NEM® brand eggshell membrane in patients with grades 2 and 3 knee osteoarthritis (OA) having significant joint pain and stiffness, in a large, multi-center clinical trial. Improvement in joint pain and stiffness, if any, will be evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index ((WOMAC; v LK3.1: Turkish language translation). Improvement in knee range of motion (ROM), if any, will be measured by goniometer.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 166 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single-crossover at 4 weeks
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of NEM® Brand Eggshell Membrane in Patients With Grade 2/3 Knee Osteoarthritis: A Multi-center, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Single-crossover Study
Actual Study Start Date : October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Osteoarthritis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: NEM brand eggshell membrane
Subjects will be given enough treatment capsules or placebo capsules for 30-days after initial assessment, covering both the 7- and 30-day follow-up visits.
Dietary Supplement: NEM brand eggshell membrane
NEM 500 mg, once daily, p.o.
Other Name: Natural Eggshell Membrane

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Subjects will be given enough treatment capsules or placebo capsules for 30-days after initial assessment, covering both the 7- and 30-day follow-up visits. At the 30-day evaluation, patients in the placebo group will cross over to the treatment group for the remainder of the study and all patients will be given a 60-day supply of treatment capsules covering the 90-day follow-up visit.
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Placebo, 500 mg, once daily, p.o.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Total WOMAC Score from Baseline [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Clinical assessment of OA will be done using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index ((WOMAC; v LK3.1: Turkish language translation) in the treatment group versus placebo. Possible score zero up to 96, with lower scores indicating better outcomes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Range of Motion (ROM) from Baseline as measured by goniometer [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Measurement of joint range of motion by goniometer in the treatment group versus placebo.

  2. Safety Evaluations as measured by number of Participants with Adverse Event [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    The evaluation of safety and tolerability in all study group and for treatment



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must be 40 years of age or older.
  2. Subjects must be applied to the Physical Treatment and Rehabilitation clinics with knee pain complaints and the subjects must be diagnosed as knee osteoarthritis exactly with routine laboratory and X-RAY degeneration detection methods. Subjects must have 2nd or 3rd grade knee osteoarthritis diagnose according to the Kellgren Lawrance criteria as a result of the knee graph determined with Anteroposterior (AP) graph method while standing on referencing American College of Rheumatology (ACR) or The European Leauge Aganist Rheumatism (EULAR) 2010.
  3. Male or female subjects can be included in the study.
  4. Subject must not have been diagnosed with a joint or connective tissue (JCT) disease other than osteoarthritis (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis, gout, pseudo gout, paget.) by a licensed physician prior to enrollment evaluation.
  5. Subject must have mild to moderate persistent joint pain lasting for at least 3 months with a score of at least 15 mm on a Patient's Assessment of Joint pain - WOMAC Osteoarthitiris Index and Visual Analog Scale (VAS).
  6. Subjects must have disease complaints for at least 1-5 years.
  7. Subject must diagnosed with 2nd or 3rd grade knee osteoarthritis according to Kellgren Lawrance criteria.
  8. Body mess index of the subjects must be 35 or below.
  9. Subject must be available for and willing to attend all evaluation visits.
  10. Subject must be able and willing to give informed consent.
  11. Subject must be willing to take NEM® or placebo and to stop taking all prescription medications, over-the-counter (OTC) treatments, or dietary supplements that might be considered analgesic or anti-inflammatory (i.e. Non Steroidal Anti Imflammatory Drugs - NSAIDs) or that might confound the study results, as judged by the clinical investigator. Examples of these types of medications are: aspirin (excluding 300 mg and over),paracetamol, ibuprofen, naproxen, oxycodone, propoxyphene, diclofenac, celecoxib, glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM (Methyl Sulfonylmethane) , white willow bark, turmeric or curcumin, Boswellia, etc.

    a. Washout Periods: Subjects are eligible to participate in the study following a 7-day washout period for narcotics, a 14-day washout period for analgesics & NSAIDs, and a 90-day washout period for steroids or JCT dietary supplements (i.e. glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM, etc.)

  12. Subjects must be willing to use only paracetamol as rescue pain medication, provided as part of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has Grade IV (4) osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence) as judged by the clinical investigator
  2. Subject is currently receiving therapy with remission-inducing drugs (i.e. methotrexate, Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) alpha blockers, steroids and glucosamine condtroitin) or any investigational drug.
  3. Subject has been diagnosed with any confounding inflammatory disease or condition that would interfere with the assessment of the study treatment, as judged by the clinical investigator (i.e. pseudo gout, Paget's disease, chronic pain syndrome etc.).
  4. Subject has been enrolled in a study to evaluate a JCT treatment in the past 6 months.
  5. Subject has known allergy to eggs or egg products. If any subject becomes sensitive during the study, they will immediately be excluded from continuing in the study.

    a. Such sensitivity may be realized as a reaction to inoculations wherein the inoculate is derived from or contains egg components (i.e., influenza vaccine).

  6. Subject body mess index greater than 35.
  7. Pregnant and breastfeeding women.
  8. Subject has severe persistent joint pain lasting for at least 3 months with a score of 80 mm or more on a Patient's Assessment of Joint pain WOMAC OA Index and Visual Analog Scale (VAS).
  9. Subject is unwilling to forgo use of prescription, over-the-counter (OTC) treatments, and/or dietary supplements for the duration of the study.
  10. Subject is involved in any other research study involving an investigational product (drug, device or biologic) or a new application of an approved product, within 30 days of screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02291757


Locations
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Turkey
Akdeniz University School of Medicine
Antalya, Turkey
Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine
Aydın, Turkey
Uludağ University School of Medicine
Bursa, Turkey
Atatürk University School of Medicine
Erzurum, Turkey
İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine
İstanbul, Turkey
İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine
İstanbul, Turkey
Marmara University School of Medicine
İstanbul, Turkey
Ordu University School of Medicine
Ordu, Turkey
Sponsors and Collaborators
Generica Pharmaceuticals
Optimum Contract Research Organisation
Investigators
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Study Director: Meltem Çakmakgil, Dr. Generica Pharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Generica Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02291757    
Other Study ID Numbers: U1111-1151-1846
First Posted: November 14, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases