Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Early Treatment of Borderline Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Associated With Systemic Sclerosis (SSc-APAH) (EDITA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02290613
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 14, 2014
Results First Posted : April 30, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 30, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. Dr. med. Ekkehard Gruenig, Heidelberg University

Brief Summary:
Trial Design Patients with borderline PAH indicated by borderline mPAP values will be included in this single centre study. This clinical investigation is performed as a Proof-of-Concept (PoC) investigator initiated trial (IIT) using a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled, phase IIA clinical study design. On their first visit their medical history will be obtained and physical examination will be conducted. Moreover, an electrocardiogram (ECG), laboratory testing (NT-proBNP, uric acid and other laboratory tests), echocardiography at rest and right heart catheterization will be carried out. If patients have been identified within the last 6 months before screening investigations by right heart catheterization, the measurements are considered valid as baseline investigations and will not be repeated. If patients fulfill the inclusion criteria and still suffer from borderline mPAP values they will be invited to join the study. The clinical investigations will begin within 28 days. The prospective study will comprise a 6 months study period (180 ±2 weeks) plus the screening phase up to 28 days and a follow-up phase of 30 ±7 days.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Systemic Sclerosis Pulmonary Hypertension Drug: Ambrisentan Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Treatment naïve patients with SSc-APAH will be included in the investigator initiated trial (IIT) to assess efficacy and safety of ambrisentan. As patients life-expectancy after diagnosis of untreated patients is only one year we put forward a screening to identify borderline PAH patients and treat them before PH manifests. Therapy with ambrisentan reached a significant improvement in SSc-IPAH patients (Galiè et al. 2008). In PAH mPAP improved about 15% due to ambrisentan (Klinger et al. 2011).

Thus, especially patients with SSc-APAH have a high need for an early diagnosis and therapy. It is important to determine factors predictive of incident SSc-APAH and PH as well as the event rate of PAH and PH occurrence. Early identification and intervention with specific modern therapies as with ambrisentan may improve hemodynamic, symptoms, exercise capacity, quality of life and outcomes in this patient population, in particular in SSc-patients of borderline-PAH. It is considered reasonable that the development of manifest APAH might be preventable in this defined population with SSc and early pulmonary vascular changes. A reliable trial testing this latter hypothesis cannot be performed without critical evidence which defines the response to medical PAH-targeted therapy in borderline-PAH and the associated disease progression of manifest PAH.

Due to the positive results in the treatment of patients with SSc-APAH, the initiation of this proof-of-concept study is justified.

Previously identified patients with borderline PAH indicated by borderline mPAP values will be included in this single centre randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel group, proof-of-concept (PoC) phase IIa IIT. If assessments necessary for screening have already been made under the screening for PH in Systemic sclerosis trial (non-drug trial, Ethics committee of Heidelberg # S360/2009), these examinations may be used for screening for this trial, as long as they have been performed within the given time frame of the screening period.

On their first visit the patients' medical history will be obtained and physical examination will be conducted. Moreover, an electrocardiogram (ECG), laboratory testing (NT-proBNP, uric acid and other laboratory tests), echocardiography at rest and during exercise and right heart catheterization will be carried out. If patients fulfill the inclusion criteria and still suffer from borderline mPAP values they will be invited to join the study. Patients will be asked to sign the informed consent form (ICF) before the initial screening will be conducted. Randomization will be performed after a maximum of 28 days and medication or placebo will be provided. If patients have been identified within the last 6 months before baseline by right heart catheterization, the measurements are considered valid for the baseline visit to spare patients a repetition of this invasive procedure. Non-invasive measurements that are out of the time-frame have to be repeated for the study. An 1:1 oral ambrisentan: oral Placebo randomization will be performed.

Patients will be randomized into either:

  • A treatment arm with ambrisentan treatment (19 patients)
  • A placebo arm (19 patients will receive placebo). Safety and tolerability will be controlled at each study visit until the end of study (day 180 ± 2 weeks). If necessary, the dose will be adapted. As to common practice of the clinic, the patient will adapt the dose according to tolerability and after consultation (by phone or personally) with one of the investigators.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Treatment of Borderline Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Associated With Systemic Sclerosis (SSc-APAH) A Randomized, Controlled, Double-blind, Parallel Group, Proof-of-concept Trial EDITA
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 27, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ambrisentan Verum
Study medication will be ambrisentan 10 mg (starting with 5 mg in the beginning of the study and then up-titrated to 10 mg/day).
Drug: Ambrisentan

Titration:

As common practice of the clinic, the patient will adapt the dose from 5 mg to 10 mg after 1 to 4 weeks according to tolerability and after consultation (by phone or personally) with one of the investigators.

Additionally, at each study visit the investigator needs to decide, based on the patient's well-being, patients´ assessment, safety parameters, and tolerance of ambrisentan, if the study medication should be modified. The respective decision (increase, maintain or decrease dose) must be documented.

Maximum dose allowed: not to exceed 10 mg/day.

Administration:

Ambrisentan and placebo will be administered orally with or without food intake.

Other Names:
  • Volibris
  • ATC code: C02KX02

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo tablet
Drug: Placebo
Placebo tablet (one to two tablets corresponding to one to two verum tablets)
Other Name: Placebo tablet




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    Determine whether mean pulmonary arterial pressure of SSc patients with borderline - PAH (mPAP 21 24 mmHg, TPG >11 mmHg) can be reduced by 3 mm Hg (absolute change baseline vs. 6 months; equals 15%) following treatment with ambrisentan 10 mg/die (initiated with 5 mg/die and elevated up to 10 mg/die) over 6 months (primary endpoint) compared to baseline and placebo.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure During Exercise Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    Determine whether exercise induced elevated mean pulmonary arterial pressure-values (>30 mmHg without left heart or severe lung disease or systemic arterial hypertension) can be reduced by ambrisentan 10 mg/die over 6 months.

  2. 6-Minute-walking Test [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
  3. Borg Dyspnea Index [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    measured directly after 6 minute walking distance; The Borg dyspnea index is an standardized scale which reports the subjective feeling of exertion from 0 (no dyspnea) to 10 (maximal feeling of dyspnea).

  4. Quality of Life (SF-36) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    SF-36 Questionnaire; physical Summation score; All scores and subscores of the SF-36 questionnaire range from 0 (low quality of life) to 100 (high quality of life). The physical Summation score is a compound score including the physical dimensions of the SF-36.

  5. Lung Function [ Time Frame: baseline,6 months ]
    DLCo (diffusing capacity or transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide (CO))

  6. Lung Function [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    DLCo (diffusing capacity or transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide (CO))

  7. Lung Function [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    FVC (forced vital capacity)

  8. Lung Function [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second)

  9. Lung Function [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    TLC (total lung capacity)

  10. Lung Function [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    residual volume

  11. Echocardiography [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    RA-area (right atrial area)

  12. Echocardiography [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    RV-area (right ventricular area)

  13. Echocardiography [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    TAPSE (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion)

  14. Echocardiography [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    sPAP (systolic pulmonary arterial pressure)

  15. WHO-functional Class [ Time Frame: baseline ]

    The World Health Organization functional class includes four categories with

    1. Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension but without any resulting limitation of physical activity.
    2. Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension resulting in slight limitation of physical activity.
    3. Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension resulting in marked limitation of physical activity.
    4. Patients with pulmonary hypertension with inability to carry out any physical activity without symptoms.

  16. Hemodynamics [ Time Frame: change from baseline to 6 months ]
    right atrial pressure

  17. Hemodynamics [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    pulmonary vascular resistance

  18. Hemodynamics [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    cardiac output (CO)

  19. Hemodynamics [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    cardiac index (CI)

  20. Hemodynamics [ Time Frame: baseline , 6 months ]
    PAWP (pulmonary arterial wedge pressure)

  21. Hemodynamics [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    venous oxygen saturation (SvO2)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. mPAP 21-24 mmHg, TPG > 11mmHg, PAWP <15 mmHg and/or
  2. Exercise induced elevated mPAP-values >30 mmHg, PAWP <18 mmHg; TPG >15 mmHg, as defined in Saggar et al. (2012) without left heart or severe lung disease or systemic arterial hypertension
  3. Adult patients having completed his/her 18th birthday
  4. Patients with definite diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis using the scleroderma criteria of the American Rheumatism Association
  5. SSc-disease duration >3 years
  6. Able to understand and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form
  7. Negative pregnancy test at the start of the trial and appropriate contraception throughout the study for women with child-bearing potential.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any connective tissue diseases (CTD) other than SSc
  2. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) confirmed by right heart catheter (RHC) before enrolment, i.e. mPAP ≥25 mmHg at rest
  3. Patients presenting normal mPAP values, that is mPAP<21 mmHg at rest, ≤30 mmHg during exercise, PAWP >=15 mmHg at rest or <=18 mmHg during exercise
  4. Ongoing or a history of >2 weeks of continued use of therapies that are considered definitive PH treatment: endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA; e.g. bosentan, ambrisentan), phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5; e.g. sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil), prostanoids (e.g. epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, beraprost) and soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator (e.g. Riociguat). Intermittent use of PDE5 inhibitors for male erectile dysfunction is permitted.
  5. Except for diuretics and corticosteroids medical treatment should not be expected to change 4 weeks prior inclusion into the study and during the entire 12-week study period.
  6. Known intolerance to ambrisentan or one of its excipients
  7. Clinically significant anemia (hemoglobin concentration of less than 75% of the lower limit of normal, LLN)
  8. Forced vital capacity (FVC) <60%, forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) <65%
  9. Severe interstitial lung disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  10. Renal insufficiency (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <60 mL/min/1.73m2 for at least 3 months)
  11. Baseline values of hepatic aminotransferases (ALT and/or AST) >3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  12. Systolic blood pressure <85 mmHg;
  13. evidence of inadequately treated blood pressure >160/90 mmHg and/or blood pressure during exercise >220/120 mmHg
  14. Patients referred with clinically significant overt heart failure
  15. Clinically significant fluid retention
  16. Previous evidence or diagnosis of clinically relevant left heart disease, i.e. at least one of the following: Previous echocardiography with estimated left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <50%, previous history of cardiogenic pulmonary edema, increased size of left atrium (>50 mm)
  17. Known significant diastolic dysfunction associated with clinical heart failure
  18. Known coronary disease or significant valvular heart disease
  19. Known congenital heart defects such as single ventricle, transposition, Eisenmenger
  20. Known hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or left ventricular hypertrophy (interventricular septum thickness (IVS) or posterior wall thickness (PWD) >1.2 cm)
  21. Participation in any clinical drug trial within 4 weeks prior to screening of this study and/or who is scheduled to receive another investigational medicinal product (IMP) during the course of this study
  22. Pregnancy or lactation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02290613


Locations
Layout table for location information
Germany
Thoraxclinic at the University of Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany, 69126
Sponsors and Collaborators
Heidelberg University
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Ekkehard Grünig, MD Thoraxclinic at the University of Heidelberg
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Prof. Dr. med. Ekkehard Gruenig, Heidelberg University:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 29, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] July 12, 2018

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. med. Ekkehard Gruenig, Prof. Dr. med. Ekkehard Grünig, Heidelberg University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02290613    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-05ED
First Posted: November 14, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 30, 2020
Last Update Posted: April 30, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Keywords provided by Prof. Dr. med. Ekkehard Gruenig, Heidelberg University:
pulmonary hypertension
systemic sclerosis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Hypertension
Scleroderma, Systemic
Scleroderma, Diffuse
Sclerosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Skin Diseases
Ambrisentan
Antihypertensive Agents