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Sorafenib Concurrent With Yttrium-90 Transarterial Radioembolization in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02288507
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Closed due to no accrual)
First Posted : November 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jared Acoba, University of Hawaii

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of administering sorafenib concurrent with yttrium-90 radioembolization to patients with advanced hepatocellular cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Cancer Drug: Sorafenib Radiation: yttrium-90 radioembolization Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Studies in Asia of unresectable hepatocellular cancer (HCC) demonstrated that sorafenib could be administered safely at 400mg twice a day (BID) when initiated 14 days following radioembolization (RE). However, the ideal sequence of RE and sorafenib may not be completely elucidated, the two treatments given concurrently may be more effective than the sequential approach studied in the Asian trials. Preclinical models have demonstrated that sorafenib acts synergistically with radiation, increasing apoptosis. Furthermore, case reports suggest profound responses in patients who have received sorafenib concurrent with transarterial radioembolizatoin (TARE) as evidenced by improvement in symptoms, >80% decrease in alpha fetoprotein (AFP), and conversion from unresectable to resectable. Sorafenib concurrent with TARE may take advantage of the synergistic relationship between the two therapies and prove to be a more effective treatment strategy than sequential administration of TARE and sorafenib.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Sorafenib Concurrent With Yttrium-90 Transarterial Radioembolization in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Cancer
Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Liver Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: sorafenib & Yttrium-90 radioembolization
Sorafenib dose de-escalation starting at 400mg PO BID starting on Day1 Yttrium-90 radioemoblization on Day 14
Drug: Sorafenib
Sorafenib 400mg PO BID for Cohort 1, if 2 or more patients with dose-limiting toxicity toxicity (DLT), Chort -1 is sorafenib 200mg PO BID, if 2 or more patients with DLT, sorafenib 200mg PO daily
Other Names:
  • Nexavar
  • Bay 43-9006 tosylate
  • Bay 54-9085

Radiation: yttrium-90 radioembolization
Yttrium-90 SIR-Spheres microspheres are instilled through a catheter into a branch of the hepatic artery
Other Name: SIR-Spheres microspheres

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability of concurrent sorafenib and yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) for patients with advanced hepatocellular cancer as measures by Adverse events [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    All patients will be monitored and evaluated for clinical toxicities during the treatment period and queried at each follow-up visit for Adverse Events (AEs). Patients may volunteer information concerning AEs. All AEs will be graded by using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of concurrent sorafenib and yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) for patients with advanced hepatocellular cancer as measured by response rate, time to progression (TTP), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    Response: Response will be evaluated by contrast enhanced MRI or CT and response rates will be reported separately as measured by RECIST and mRECIST criteria. Duration of response will also be measured according to RECIST and mRECIST guidelines.

    Survival: The time to progression, progression free survival, and overall survival will be measured. TTP and PFS will be calculated based on progression as defined by RECIST and mRECIST and both intervals will be reported.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed HCC or clinical diagnosis by American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) criteria in cirrhotic subjects is required. m)
  • Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Stage B or C. Segmental and subsegmental portal vein thrombosis is allowed.
  • Metastatic disease is allowed if investigator feels liver directed therapy could offer palliative benefit (i.e., minimal extrahepatic tumor burden)
  • No evidence of cirrhosis or cirrhosis grade of Child-Pugh class A or B7. Eligibility
  • Have at least one tumor lesion that can be accurately measured according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST v1.1).
  • Consultation with interventional radiologist and deemed an appropriate candidate for TARE.
  • Prior local therapy, such as surgery, hepatic arterial embolization, chemoembolization, radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection or cryoablation is allowed if the index lesion(s) remains outside of the treatment field or has progressed since prior treatment. Local therapy must have been completed at least 4 weeks prior to the baseline scan.
  • Prior yittrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) or sorafenib not allowed
  • Patient must be informed of the investigational nature of this study, sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 1.
  • Have adequate hematologic function as documented by an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/ul, platelet count ≥ 60,000/ul, and hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 mg/dl obtained within 28 days prior to registration.
  • Have adequate hepatic function, as determined by the following tests measured within 28 days prior to registration: serum bilirubin ≤ 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN); serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) ≤ 5 x the institutional upper limit of normal (IULN).
  • Have adequate renal function, as determined by the following tests measured within 28 days prior to registration: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN OR a measured creatinine clearance or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min.
  • Have a life expectancy of ≥12 weeks
  • Must be able to swallow oral medications.
  • Negative pregnancy test done ≤7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to sorafenib.
  • Any malabsorption condition.
  • Must not have known brain metastases.
  • No concurrent anticancer chemotherapy or local therapy.
  • No concurrent herbal or unconventional therapy (e.g., St. John's Wort)
  • Pregnant or nursing women
  • No prior radiation therapy to the liver
  • Inability to perform y90 TARE due to: (1) inability to catheterize the hepatic artery, (2) portal vein thrombosis/occlusion without the ability to perform selective infusion, (3) Tecnetium-99m macro-aggregated albumin hepatic artery perfusion scintigraphy shows unfavorable shunt fraction between the liver and the pulmonary parenchyma as determined by the interventional radiologist, or (4) other contraindication to TARE identified by interventional radiologist.
  • Women/men of reproductive potential unwilling or unable to use an effective contraceptive method
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 3 years.
  • History of myocardial infarction, stroke, ventricular arrhythmia, or symptomatic conduction abnormality within 6 months.
  • Concurrent severe or uncontrolled medical disease (i.e., active systemic infection, diabetes, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure) that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or compromise the ability of the patient to complete the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02288507

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United States, Hawaii
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96813
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Hawaii
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Principal Investigator: Jared Acoba, MD University of Hawaii

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Responsible Party: Jared Acoba, Principal Investigator, University of Hawaii Identifier: NCT02288507     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Acoba 2014 -1
First Posted: November 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Jared Acoba, University of Hawaii:
sorafenib, yttrium-90 radioembolization
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Liver Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action