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Ankle-foot Orthoses for Peripheral Artery Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02280200
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 31, 2014
Results First Posted : July 31, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
The primary aim of this study is to investigate the effect of an ankle foot orthoses (AFO) on the primary outcome of peak walking time (PWT) in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Peripheral Artery Disease Device: AFO to improve outcomes Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The investigators will test the hypothesis that PAD patients using an AFO during a graded exercise test will demonstrate a greater PWT compared to PWT assessed without the use of an AFO. Secondary hypotheses include evaluation of the effect of an AFO on: 1) calf muscle function, 2) claudication onset time, 3) functional ability, 4) peak oxygen consumption, and 5) patient-reported outcomes. We will also examine the effects of the AFO on outcomes following 12 weeks of community walking.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Ankle-Foot Orthoses on Walking Ability in Peripheral Artery Disease: The AFO for PAD Trial I
Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: AFO to improve outcomes
Patients completed graded treadmill testing, followed by 12 weeks of unstructured community-based walking using the AFO ad libitum
Device: AFO to improve outcomes
Ankle foot orthoses (AFO) are light-weight, low profile carbon fiber devices that store and release energy during ambulation. The AFO, in combination with standard of care advice to walk more, will be used to determine if there is any improvement in PAD patient outcomes.

No Intervention: Historical Controls
Historical PAD control group (n = 10) received upfront advice to walk at home with no intervention



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in WIQ Distance Subscore [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    In the Walking Impairment Questionnaire distance subcategory, participants are asked to rate the degree of difficulty walking specific distances on a scale from 0 to 4. A score of 0 indicates the inability to walk the distance specified by the question while a score of 4 represents no difficulty. The graded sub-score is multiplied by a pre-specified weight for each sub-category: distance, speed, and number of flights of stairs. The products of these subscores are summed and divided by the maximum possible score to obtain a percent score, ranging from 0 (inability to perform item) to 100 (no difficulty in performing item).

  2. Change in WIQ Speed Subscore [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    In the Walking Impairment Questionnaire speed subcategory, participants are asked to rate the degree of difficulty walking one block at specific speeds, ranging from walking slowly to jogging, on a scale from 0 to 4. A score of 0 indicates the inability to walk the distance specified by the question while a score of 4 represents no difficulty. The graded sub-score is multiplied by a pre-specified weight for each sub-category: distance, speed, and number of flights of stairs. The products of these subscores are summed and divided by the maximum possible score to obtain a percent score, ranging from 0 (inability to perform item) to 100 (no difficulty in performing item).

  3. Change in WIQ Stair-Climbing Subscore [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    In the Walking Impairment Questionnaire stair-climbing subcategory, participants are asked to rate the degree of difficulty climbing a specified number of stair flights, ranging from 1 to 3 stair flights, on a graded scale of 0 to 4. A score of 0 indicates the inability to climb the flights specified by the question while a score of 4 represents no difficulty. The graded sub-score is multiplied by a pre-specified weight for each sub-category: distance, speed, and number of flights of stairs. The products of these subscores are summed and divided by the maximum possible score to obtain a percent score, ranging from 0 (inability to perform item) to 100 (no difficulty in performing item).

  4. Change in SF-36 PCS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Change in Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-item questionnaire, Physical Component Summary The SF-36 has eight scaled subscores (Vitality, Physical functioning, Bodily pain, General health perceptions, Physical role functioning, Emotional role functioning, Social role functioning, Mental health). These subscores are weighted sums of the questions in each section. Scores range from 0 - 100. Lower scores = more disability, higher scores = less disability.

  5. Change in SF-36 MCS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Change in Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-item questionnaire, Mental Component Summary The SF-36 has eight scaled subscores (Vitality, Physical functioning, Bodily pain, General health perceptions, Physical role functioning, Emotional role functioning, Social role functioning, Mental health). These subscores are weighted sums of the questions in each section. Scores range from 0 - 100. Lower scores = more disability, higher scores = less disability.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women diagnosed with atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
  • Patients who experience calf claudication
  • ≥40 years of age
  • An abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) of ≤.90.
  • For patients with an ABI >.90 and <1.00, a post-exercise ABI drop of 15% or more compared to the resting ABI

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lower extremity amputation(s) which interfere(s) with walking.
  • Critical limb ischemia (i.e., ischemic rest pain, ulcers/gangrene on the lower extremities).
  • Non-atherosclerotic PAD (e.g., popliteal entrapment syndrome, Takayasu's arteritis)
  • Major surgical procedures that are contraindicated to an exercise program (e.g., recent organ transplant) or coronary artery bypass graft within 6 months prior to screening.
  • Primarily limitations to exercise due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, angina or heart failure.
  • Myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to screening.
  • Acute coronary syndrome symptoms diagnosed at time of screening.
  • Significant ischemic changes (documented on the 12-lead electrocardiogram) with horizontal or down-sloping ST-segment depression ≥ 0.5mm at rest and >1 mm with exercise in 3 beats for 2 contiguous leads, relative to the PR-segment (or ST-segment elevation ≥1mm).
  • Transient ischemic attack or stroke 3 months prior to screening.
  • New left bundle branch block or sustained ventricular tachycardia >30 seconds during screening.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as ≥180 systolic or ≥100 diastolic resting blood pressure during screening.
  • Women who are pregnant (women of childbearing potential, a pregnancy test will be performed at screening.
  • Individuals currently incarcerated.
  • Evidence of acute impairment from alcohol or other illicit drugs.
  • Lack of diabetes control (glycated hemoglobin >12%)
  • Patients who are anemic (Hgb <11 g/dL for women and <10 g/dL for men).
  • Any other clinically significant diseases (e.g., pulmonary, renal, psychiatric, immunological) that are not stabilized or may otherwise confound the results of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02280200


Locations
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United States, Montana
International Heart Institute of Montana Foundation
Missoula, Montana, United States, 59802
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ryan J. Mays, PhD, MPH, MS International Heart Institute of Montana Foundation
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of Minnesota:

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02280200    
Other Study ID Numbers: Mays-2
U54GM104944 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 31, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 31, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 31, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by University of Minnesota:
claudication
ankle foot orthoses
community walking exercise
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Arterial Disease
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases