Working...
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

p53MVA Vaccine and Gemcitabine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Recurrent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02275039
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 27, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 30, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and recommended dose of the combination of p53MVA vaccine (modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing tumor protein p53 [p53]) and gemcitabine hydrochloride in treating patients with ovarian epithelial cancer that has come back. Vaccines made from inserting a laboratory-treated gene into a person's tumor cells may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells that express p53. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53 together with gemcitabine hydrochloride may work better in treating patients with ovarian epithelial cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Recurrent Fallopian Tube Carcinoma Recurrent Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma Biological: modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53 Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine a recommended dose for the combination of a p53MVA vaccine and gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride) and if it is well-tolerated in patients with platinum resistant, p53 over expressing ovarian cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate T cell immunity changes and clinical response.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53 subcutaneously (SC) on day 15 and gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then continue to receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 12 months.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of a p53MVA Vaccine in Combination With Gemcitabine in Ovarian Cancer
Study Start Date : January 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 23, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 23, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (MVA-p53 vaccine and gemcitabine hydrochloride)
Patients receive modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53 SC on day 15 and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then continue to receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53
Given SC
Other Names:
  • MVA-p53 vaccine
  • MVAp53 vaccine

Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended dose for the combination of gemcitabine hydrochloride and modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53 [ Time Frame: Up to 42 days (2 courses) ]
    The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 will be used to grade adverse events. To be evaluable for toxicity, a patient must have received one course of gemcitabine and modified vaccinia virus ankara vaccine expressing p53 or experienced a dose-limiting toxicity.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical responses, assessed by modified RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
  2. Changes in T cell reactivity to p53 [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 52 weeks ]
    Peripheral blood samples will be collected pre- and post-immunization for assessment of anti-p53 T cell responses and immunophenotyping. Immunosuppressive cell types (myeloid derived suppressor cells, regulatory T cells) and other selected lymphocyte subsets and markers including programmed cell death protein 1, programmed death-ligand 1 (PDL-1) and PDL-2 will be quantified.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed, epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer who experienced recurrence or progression within 12 months after completion of platinum based chemotherapy; patients must have measurable disease or detectable disease:

    • Measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest dimension to be recorded); each lesion must be greater than or equal to 10 mm when measured by computerized tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET)/CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); lymph nodes must be greater than or equal to 15 mm in short axis when measured by CT, PET/CT or MRI
    • Detectable disease in a patient is defined as one who does not have measurable disease, but has at least one of the following conditions:

      • Baseline values of cancer antigen-125 (CA-125) at least 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
      • Ascites and/or pleural effusion attributed to tumor
      • Solid and/or cystic abnormalities on radiographic imaging that do not meet modified Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, immune-related response criteria (irRC) for target lesions
  • Patients whose ovarian cancer recurs/progresses within 0-6 months following platinum-based chemotherapy have platinum resistant disease; such patients are eligible for this trial
  • Patients with documented disease recurrence/progression within 6-12 months of completing platinum-based therapy, are considered to have 'borderline' platinum sensitivity; these patients are eligible for this trial if agreed by the patient and the treating physician
  • Patients who relapse more than 12 months after completion of platinum-based treatment are considered 'platinum sensitive' and will not be eligible for this trial
  • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ul; low platelet counts may be corrected with transfusion to achieve eligibility for study
  • The hemoglobin level must be greater than 9 g/dL; low hemoglobin counts may be corrected with transfusion to achieve eligibility for study
  • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min or serum creatinine =< 1.6 mg/dl
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 times institutional upper normal level (AST and ALT =< 5 times institutional upper normal level, if there is evidence of liver metastasis)
  • Women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for six months following duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating on the trial, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Patients with confirmed p53 mutation by molecular analysis and/or evidence of p53 overexpression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (>= 10% of cells within the tumor staining positive) will be eligible; this will be assessed semi-quantitatively by a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) approved pathology core pathologist, using CLIA approved mutational analysis or immunohistochemistry techniques on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue; in the case of equivocal IHC results, p53 involvement may be confirmed by detection of p53 molecular analysis on tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); patients on whom molecular analysis of p53 mutations is already available, will not require IHC analysis; molecular analysis may be performed as an additional research procedure at the end of the study (distinct from eligibility determination) if the principal investigator (PI) deems it of scientific value and research funding is available to cover the cost
  • All subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
  • Up to 2 prior chemotherapy regimens for recurrent disease are allowed; adjuvant chemotherapy and maintenance Taxol after completion of six cycles of adjuvant carboplatin
  • Taxol will not be counted as a "prior chemotherapy regimen" for the purpose of this study; treatment with targeted agents or hormones would not be considered as a systemic chemotherapy regimen; previous treatment with gemcitabine is not allowable
  • Eligible patients are those with documented disease recurrence/progression within 0-12 months of completing platinum-based chemotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients should not have any uncontrolled illness including ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No other malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma, superficial bladder cancer, any carcinoma in situ or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for at least 3 years
  • Patients may not be receiving any additional investigational agents or radiation therapy
  • History of severe environmental allergies or allergy to egg proteins
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study
  • Patients with known brain metastases will be excluded
  • Patients who have had radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients with a family history or Li-Fraumeni syndrome will not be eligible
  • Concurrent use of corticosteroids (exceptions: nasal corticosteroids, inhaled steroids, adrenal replacement steroids and steroid creams are allowed)
  • Patients with a history of immunodeficiency, including organ grafts and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), will not be eligible
  • Subjects, who in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study
  • Patients with any active autoimmune disease or a condition that requires systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications will be excluded; exceptions to this are subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus and autoimmune thyroiditis only requiring hormone replacement, who will be permitted to enroll

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02275039


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Mihaela Cristea City of Hope Medical Center

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02275039     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13373
NCI-2014-02169 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
13373 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
First Posted: October 27, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 30, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Vaccines
Gemcitabine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents