Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Pharmacokinetically Guided Everolimus in Patients With Breast Cancer, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors, or Kidney Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02273752
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow accrual)
First Posted : October 24, 2014
Results First Posted : February 3, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novartis
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, Emory University

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well real-time pharmacokinetic therapeutic drug monitoring works in preventing stomatitis from developing in patients with hormone receptor positive breast cancer, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, or kidney cancer that are receiving a type of cancer drug called everolimus. Stomatitis is a common side effect of everolimus that causes inflammation of the mouth, with or without oral ulcers, and frequently leads to patients discontinuing the medication. Monitoring the blood levels of everolimus and making adjustments in a patient's dose may be able to decrease the incidence of stomatitis, while maintaining the effectiveness of everolimus to treat the cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer Gastrinoma Glucagonoma HER2-negative Breast Cancer Insulinoma Mucositis Oral Complications Pancreatic Polypeptide Tumor Progesterone Receptor-positive Breast Cancer Recurrent Breast Cancer Recurrent Islet Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Renal Cell Cancer Somatostatinoma Stage III Renal Cell Cancer Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Stage IV Breast Cancer Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer Drug: Everolimus Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

To determine frequency of any grade of stomatitis at day 29 (cycle 2, day 1) in patients receiving dose-adjusted everolimus.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

  1. Progression-free survival rates at 6 months.
  2. Pharmacodynamic (PD)-inhibition of downstream mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) effectors in peripheral blood.
  3. Number of dose adjustments required.
  4. Percentage of days on therapy.
  5. Average minimum concentration (Cmin) values.
  6. Frequency and type of treatments for stomatitis.
  7. Genetic predictors of stomatitis development in selected outlier patients.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive everolimus orally (PO) daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo real-time pharmacokinetic therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) on days 4, 8, and 15 of course 1. Dosing adjustments of everolimus will be performed on day 8, if necessary. If the everolimus dose is adjusted, patients will continue to undergo real-time pharmacokinetic TDM weekly until goal concentrations are achieved on 2 consecutive measures. Patients whose everolimus dose is not adjusted undergo real-time pharmacokinetic TDM on day 1 of courses 2-6.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Evaluation of Real-Time, Pharmacokinetically Guided Everolimus in Patients With Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PNET), and Renal Cell Carcinoma
Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Supportive care (real-time pharmacokinetic TDM of everolimus)
Patients receive everolimus PO daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo real-time pharmacokinetic TDM on days 4, 8, and 15 of course 1. Dosing adjustments of everolimus will be performed on day 8, if necessary. If the everolimus dose is adjusted, patients will continue to undergo real-time pharmacokinetic TDM weekly until goal concentrations are achieved on 2 consecutive measures. Patients whose everolimus dose is not adjusted undergo real-time pharmacokinetic TDM on day 1 of courses 2-6.
Drug: Everolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 42-O-(2-hydroxy)ethyl rapamycin
  • Afinitor
  • RAD001




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Stomatitis [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    Stomatitis graded rates and severity will be evaluated and recorded per World Health Organization and Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events criteria in the study population.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    PFS will be evaluated based on rates of cancer progression and time to progression in the population. Progression will be determined using standard RECIST criteria. The median PFS for this study will be estimated by Kaplan-Meier method along with 95% confidence interval.

  2. Downstream Markers of Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Function Measured in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells [ Time Frame: Up to day 15 of course 1 ]
    Pharmacodynamics will be evaluated for phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6 kinase, protein kinase B, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1.

  3. Percentage of Days on Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Percentage of days on therapy will be calculated using the formula: (expected - actual days)/expected x 100.

  4. Dose Interruptions and Adjustments [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Dose interruptions and adjustments will be made on a per subject basis and total for the population.

  5. Frequency of Treatments for Stomatitis [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Frequency of treatments for stomatitis will be collection of prescription and non-prescription interventions.

  6. Type of Treatments for Stomatitis [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Type of treatments for stomatitis will be collection of prescription and non-prescription interventions.

  7. Response Rate Assessed Using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 24 weeks ]
    Response rate will be measured at different time points, e.g. 8, 16, and 24 weeks, and will be summarized as percentage of stable disease, complete remission or partial remission along with 95% confidence interval.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Confirmed diagnosis of:

    • Postmenopausal advanced hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer after failure of treatment with letrozole or anastrozole
    • Progressive neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic origin (PNET) that is unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic
    • Advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after failure of treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib
  • Histologically confirmed, measurable or evaluable disease. Patients should have at least one measurable lesion.
  • Adequate bone marrow function as indicated by the following:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,500/μL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/μL
    • Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL
  • Adequate renal function, as indicated by creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min
  • Adequate liver function, as indicated by:

    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 2
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2 x ULN unless related to primary disease
  • Signed informed consent
  • Adequate birth control when appropriate
  • Fasting serum cholesterol ≤ 300 mg/dL OR ≤ 7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides ≤ 2.5 x ULN. NOTE: in case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients currently receiving anticancer therapies or who have received anticancer therapies within 4 weeks of the start of everolimus (including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, antibody based therapy, etc., but not including somatostatin analogues, e.g., octreotide)
  • Known intolerance or hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycin analogs (e.g. sirolimus, temsirolimus)
  • Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral everolimus
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by HbA1c >8% despite adequate therapy. Patients with a known history of impaired fasting glucose or diabetes mellitus (DM) may be included, however blood glucose and antidiabetic treatment must be monitored closely throughout the trial and adjusted as necessary.
  • Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as:

    • Unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to start of everolimus, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association Class III or IV
    • Active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease, and active and chronic hepatitis (i.e. quantifiable hepatitis B virus [HBV]-DNA and/or positive HbsAg, quantifiable hepatitis C virus [HCV]-RNA)
    • Known severely impaired lung function (spirometry and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [DLCO] 50% or less of normal and O2 saturation 88% or less at rest on room air)
    • Active, bleeding diathesis
  • Chronic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents. Topical or inhaled corticosteroids are allowed.
  • Known history of HIV seropositivity
  • Patients who have received live attenuated vaccines within 1 week of start of everolimus and during the study. Patient should also avoid close contact with others who have received live attenuated vaccines. Examples of live attenuated vaccines include intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), yellow fever, varicella and TY21a typhoid vaccines.
  • Patients who have a history of another primary malignancy, with the exceptions of: nonmelanoma skin cancer, and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, uteri, or breast from which the patient has been disease free for ≥3 years
  • Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study
  • Patients who are currently part of or have participated in any clinical investigation with an investigational drug within 1 month prior to dosing
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective methods of contraception during the study and 8 weeks after. Highly effective contraception methods include combination of any two of the following:

    • Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception
    • Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
    • Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/ vaginal suppository
    • Total abstinence
    • Male/female sterilization
  • Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child-bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to randomization. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child-bearing potential.
  • Male patients whose sexual partner(s) are WOCBP who are not willing to use adequate contraception, during the study and for 8 weeks after the end of treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02273752


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital Midtown
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Novartis
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: R. Donald Harvey, PharmD Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, Principal Investigator, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02273752     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00072091
NCI-2014-02112 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
WINSHIP2645-14 ( Other Identifier: Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute )
First Posted: October 24, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 3, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 3, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Insulinoma
Carcinoma, Islet Cell
Gastrinoma
Glucagonoma
Somatostatinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Mucositis
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Adenocarcinoma
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Mouth Diseases