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Mealtime Symptoms in Dementia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02269956
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to combine current evidence-based guidelines with adaptive leadership (AL) training to assist nursing staff to navigate the delicate balance of necessary technical and adaptive work to improve problematic dementia-related mealtime symptoms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia Behavioral: 12 week feasibility study Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Currently, basic training programs do not adequately teach nursing home (NH) staff to handle behavioral symptoms at mealtime that typically accompany dementia. When persons with dementia (PWD) exhibit mealtime symptoms (e.g. turning away of the head, pushing food away), these symptoms may be interpreted as lack of interest in eating, and feeding attempts ceased. This misinterpretation poses serious health risks to PWD including under-nutrition and increased risk for more aggressive medical treatment (e.g. feeding tube). The Aims of this study are to: 1) Identify the adaptive leadership challenges of NH staff for alleviating mealtime symptoms for PWD; 2) Determine NH staff evaluation of a dementia feeding skills training program that combines adaptive leadership approaches with technical approaches to mealtime symptoms; and 3) Conduct a 12-week feasibility study implementing this dementia feeding skills training program with NH staff, linking training to resident outcomes. Focus groups will be conducted in four NHs during which NH staff will describe adaptive challenges around: mealtime symptom recognition, communication patterns, typical responses to mealtime symptoms, and feelings when interventions are met with success or failure. Focus group interviews will be transcribed and content analysis conducted. Findings from the focus group interviews will be used to revise a dementia feeding skills program. The revised training program will be evaluated by NH staff to determine how NH staff perceives the coaching intervention, and if case scenarios are realistic and compatible with current workplace practices. The training program will be implemented in two skilled NHs over a five week period. NH staff outcomes include mealtime knowledge and self-efficacy. Through meal observations, NH staff will be assessed for time spent assisting with feeding and feeding skill behaviors; and PWD outcomes assessed by quantifying meal intake and aversive feeding behaviors. Findings from this study will describe adaptive leadership challenges for NH staff, revise and implement a training program teaching NH staff adaptive and technical interventions for alleviating mealtime symptoms for PWD in the NH setting.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 132 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Mealtime Symptoms in Dementia: Adaptive Leadership Approaches
Study Start Date : October 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : September 1, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dementia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Intervention
The 2 NH's not used in the focus groups will receive the intervention, a 12-week feasibility study. At baseline, weeks 6 and 12, dementia feeding skills knowledge and self-efficacy tests will be administered, meal observations of nursing staff assisting PWD with meals will be video recorded for 3 meals over 2 days at baseline and again at week 6 and 12, and a medical record review will be conducted. After baseline data is collected, the training program will be delivered in 5 weekly modules with group coaching sessions completed the same week.
Behavioral: 12 week feasibility study
: At baseline, weeks 6 and 12, dementia feeding skills knowledge and self-efficacy tests will be administered, meal observations of nursing staff assisting PWD with meals will be video recorded for three meals over two days, and a medical record review will be conducted to ascertain technical and adaptive interventions also in place for the PWD (e. g., high density protein supplements, appetite stimulant medications, weighing, diet texture modifications). After baseline data is collected, the training program will delivered in five weekly modules with group coaching sessions completed the same week

No Intervention: Focus Groups
Year 1 focus groups will aim to identify how nursing staff feel about usual interventions for feeding behaviors of PWD and staff responses when a PWD displays difficult eating behaviors. Year 2 focus groups will evaluate the revised dementia feeding skills training program, the coaching interventions, and case scenarios, and indicate how realistic and compatible the intervention is with their work environment.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Feeding Skills Knowledge Test [ Time Frame: Baseline (before training program), Week 6 (after training program), and Week 12 ]
    10 item multiple choice test administered in paper/ pencil format to nursing staff assisting with feeding persons with dementia (Scores range from 0-10)

  2. Change in Feeding Skills Self-Efficacy Test [ Time Frame: Baseline (before training program), Week 6 (after training program), and Week 12 ]
    10 items with likert scale response administered to nursing home staff


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functional Rating Scale for Symptoms in Dementia [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    14 categories related to functional ability of PWD (e. g., eating and dressing ability, emotionality, memory). Each category scores 0-3. Totals range from 0-42; higher score indicative of greater impairment

  2. Brief Inventory of Mental Status [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Part of Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0. 5 sections of cognitive ability questions scored 0-2; scores of 0-12 considered moderate to severe cognitive impairment.

  3. C3P Feeding Skills Checklist [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Multi-item checklist of feeding skill behaviors grouped around changing the person, place or people. Each section is given numerical value.

  4. Food Intake Record [ Time Frame: Collected for 3 meals over 2 days at Baseline, Week 6 and Week 12 ]
    Meal intake documented by pre-post meal tray weight as well as documentation of hand feeding techniques used during the meal.

  5. Edinburgh Feeding in Dementia (EdFED) scale [ Time Frame: Collected for 3 meals over 2 days at Baseline, Week 6 and Week 12 ]
    Scale measuring aversive feeding behaviors on a 0-20 scale of 10 items. Higher scores equal more aversive feeding behaviors.

  6. Time Spent Feeding [ Time Frame: Collected for 3 meals over 2 days at Baseline, Week 6 and Week 12 ]
    Time spent feeding was measured in hours and minutes via stopwatch.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Nursing Home staff participants must be:

  1. 18 years of age or older,
  2. able to read and write English,
  3. willing to sign informed consent,
  4. employed as a Registered Nurse, Licensed Practical Nurse, Certified Nursing Assistant, part of the Nursing Home Administration team, or part of the therapy team.

Persons With Dementia participants must be:

  1. a resident (> 6 wks) of NH,
  2. 60+ years of age,
  3. able to speak English in order to give assent,
  4. have a positive Minimum Data Set 3.0 for: Active disease diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease or dementia,
  5. require extensive assistance to total dependence for eating,
  6. have a Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS) score ranging from 0-12 (lower score indicates greater cognitive impairment)37, and
  7. have a legally authorized representative (LAR) able to read English in order to provide informed consent for the PWD.

Exclusion Criteria:

PWD:

  • Minimum Data Set 3.0 positive for: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection, Parkinson's Disease, and/or Traumatic Brain Injury,
  • any swallowing disorder,
  • parental/ IV feedings, or presence of a feeding-tube;
  • any significant auditory or visual impairment that would prevent the PWD from hearing/seeing verbal/visual cues.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02269956


Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Melissa Batchelor-Murphy, PhD Duke University School of Nursing

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02269956     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00055958
First Posted: October 21, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders