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MyndMove Therapy for Severe Hemiparesis of the Upper Limb Following Stroke

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02266836
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 17, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University Health Network, Toronto
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MyndTec Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of MyndMove therapy in the early sub-acute, late sub-acute and chronic post-stroke patients. Other objectives include assessing the required doses of electrical current amplitudes, the usability of the device, and examining the overall safety.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hemiparesis of the Upper Limb Following Stroke Device: MyndMove Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of MyndMove therapy in the early sub-acute, late sub-acute and chronic post-stroke patients. Other objectives include assessing the required doses of electrical current amplitudes, the usability of the device, and examining the overall safety.

Many individuals experience weakness or paralysis of their arms and hands following a stroke. As a result, they are often unable to grasp and reach objects voluntarily and have difficulty performing basic activities of daily living (ADLs) such as dressing, feeding, bathing and grooming. Despite extensive rehabilitation programs, many of these individuals remain dependent on others for assistance with ADLs. This unmet medical need remains the focus of a wide range of research efforts.

MyndMove is a newly developed Functional Electrical Stimulation based treatment designed to recover voluntary movement in severely paralyzed upper limbs following stroke and spinal cord injury.

This study will enroll stroke patients that have severe hemiparesis of an upper limb (as defined by 1) an UE-FMA score of less than or equal to 19 and 2) a Chedoke McMaster Stage of 1-2 for the arm and hand). Three cohorts of patients enrolled in the study will include:

  • Early sub-acute stroke patients (less than 2 months post stroke) receiving therapy during inpatient rehabilitation;
  • Late sub-acute stroke patients (post-discharge from inpatient rehab and less than 6 months post stroke) receiving therapy in outpatient clinic settings; and
  • Chronic stroke patients (greater than 6 months post stroke) receiving therapy in outpatient clinic settings

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 75 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Feasibility and Usability of MyndMove Therapy for FES Facilitated Treatment of Subacute and Chronic Severe Hemiparesis of the Upper Limb Following Stroke
Study Start Date : October 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MyndMove
The MyndMove system is a neuromodulation device that delivers short electrical pulses to stimulate muscle contractions and enhance motor recovery following Stroke or Spinal Cord Injury. MyndMove delivers therapeutic stimulation sequences called protocols, which are coded therapeutic algorithms which assist muscle movement allowing the brain and central nervous system to be retrained restoring voluntary reaching and grasping functions lost following neurological injury. The MyndMove system comprises the hardware device, stimulation electrodes and cables, hand and foot switches, and integrated software.
Device: MyndMove
During a MyndMove therapy session, the patient is instructed to attempt to execute a task voluntarily. As the patient is attempting to perform the designated task, specific muscles in the arm are stimulated to generate contractions that produce the desired movement. After a brief interval of the patient attempting to initiate a movement the therapist activates the MyndMove stimulation protocol, which generates bursts of short electrical pulses, using surface electrodes, to produce muscle contractions enabling the patient to complete the desired/instructed task. Proper sequencing of the muscle contractions as per the MyndMove protocols are tailored to achieve a wide range of reaching and grasping functions. The technique stimulates non‐damaged pathways of the central nervous system.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment (UE-FMA) [ Time Frame: baseline to 6 weeks ]
    The Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment (UE-FMA) is a standardized scale used for the evaluation of physical performance in the post-stroke hemiplegic patient. The upper extremity (UE) evaluates the function of the upper extremity motor function in four components: Shoulder/Elbow and Forearm, Wrist, Hand and Coordination and Speed in a series of performed tasks. The maximum score associated with the UE-FMA is 66 points. Each of the 33 specific tasks is scored as either 0 or an absence of function to a maximum score of 2 for the tasks being fully completed. Partial function can be scored as 1 for selected tasks. This evaluation will be completed by a trained physiotherapist or occupational therapist. Upper extremity assessment for stroke patients. Clinically Significant change is >6 points


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Functional Independence Measure and Self-Care Functional Independence Measure for the early subacute subjects [ Time Frame: Baseline - 6 weeks ]
    To measure the degree of disability the Functional Independence Measure will be completed. The FIM consists of 18 items of which 13 are motor related tasks and 5 are cognitive related items. The measure is broken down into 6 classifications of self-care, sphincter control, mobility, locomotion, communication and social cognition. The self-care consists of 6 items: eating, grooming, bathing, dressing-upper body, dressing-lower body, toileting. Each item is rated using a 7-point scale indicating the level of functioning from total assistance with a score of 1 to complete independence with a score of 7.

  2. System Usability Scale [ Time Frame: An average of 5 weeks after therapy has begun ]
    Each Therapist will complete the System Usability Scale on the last treatment visit which is expected to be an average of 5 weeks after therapy has begun. Each question in the System Usability Scale is scored from 1 - Strongly Disagree, through to 5 - Strongly Agree. System Usability Scale scores, based on therapist assessments, at end of study compared to baseline (after basic training).

  3. All adverse events [ Time Frame: Baseline - An average of 5 weeks after therapy has begun ]
    At each study visit, participants will be asked if they have experienced any adverse events. Participants will be in the study for an expected average of 5 weeks.

  4. Amplitudes to elicit muscle movement [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
    The amplitudes that are used to elicit the muscle movement will be recorded for the various muscles for each participant. The average required amplitude will be calculated and the minimum and maximum amplitudes will be noted. This will provide future guidance on the typical range of amplitudes needed for the various muscles to treat patients.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke confirmed by MRI or CT scan
  2. Sub-acute subjects at least 10 days post stroke. Chronic subjects at least 6 months post stroke
  3. Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment Stage 1-2 (arm and hand)
  4. Severe hemiplegia of the upper extremity defined as UE-FMA score of less than or equal to 19
  5. Subject is able to follow instructions
  6. Subject is able to sit and participate in one hour of upper limb therapy
  7. Anticipated to be discharged home or already at home following conventional inpatient rehabilitation
  8. Willing to attend outpatient therapy if chronic or late sub-acute
  9. Subject is able and willing to give written informed consent
  10. Men and women aged 18 or older

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Global Aphasia
  2. Previous history of clinical stroke either ischemic infarct, hemorrhagic and subarachnoid bleeding
  3. Upper extremity injury or condition prior to stroke that limits the function of the hand or arm
  4. Life expectancy of less than 12 months due to other illness
  5. Subject has malignant skin lesion on the affected upper extremity
  6. Subject has history of seizure disorder and on seizure medications
  7. Subject has existing electrical stimulation devices (ICD, Pacemaker, Spinal Stimulation)
  8. Neurologic condition that may affect motor response (e.g. Parkinson's, ALS, MS)
  9. Subject has rash or open wound at any potential electrode site
  10. In the judgment of the medical provider, subject has medical complications that may interfere with the execution of the study
  11. Botulinum toxin (Botox) injection into affected upper extremity at least 3 months before the study or during the study
  12. Currently enrolled in another upper limb study
  13. Enrolled in the past six months in a clinical study involving drugs or biologics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02266836


Locations
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Canada, Ontario
Brampton, Ontario, Canada
London, Ontario, Canada
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
MyndTec Inc.
University Health Network, Toronto
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Debbie A Hebert, MSc(Kin) University Health Network, Toronto
Principal Investigator: Mark Bayley, MD University Health Network, Toronto

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Responsible Party: MyndTec Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02266836     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MT-ST-2001
First Posted: October 17, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Keywords provided by MyndTec Inc.:
Stroke
Cerebrovascular accident
Upper Extremity
Cerebral Infarction
Brain Infarction
Brain Ischemia
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stroke
Paresis
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms