Human Immunity Against Staphylococcus Aureus Skin Infection
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02262819|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 13, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 30, 2021
- Staphylococcus aureus, or staph, is commonly found on the skin and in the respiratory system. Sometimes people who get sick with staph infection do not get better with standard treatment. These staph infections can be serious and even deadly. Researchers want to find out why some people are more likely to get the infection.
- To look at the immune response of the skin when it is exposed to bacteria.
- People age 2 65 with hyper IgE syndrome (HIES) and those with recurrent staph infections.
- Healthy volunteers.
- Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.
- Over 1 5 days, participants may have blood tests and a skin and nasal swab. They may have additional tests if needed. If they had a recent biopsy, researchers may ask for a sample from it.
- Some participants will spend the night at the clinic. Their vital signs will be taken and they will have blood drawn. Some participants will take aspirin or ibuprofen starting 2 days before their stay.
- Some participants will have blisters created on the inside of their forearm. Suction will pull a layer of skin from their arm. Skin will be removed. Different solutions will be applied to the blisters. Up to 3 biopsies may be taken.
- Children will not have blood tests or biopsies.
- Participants will be called every day for 10 days, then at 30 days after the procedure.
- Participants will have a follow-up visit 10 days after the procedure.
- Participants who did not get blisters or biopsies will not have any follow-up appointments.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Staphylococcus Aureus Skin Infection||Drug: S. aureus||Phase 1|
The incidence of community-associated (CA) staphylococcal infections, especially those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), has increased dramatically in recent years. Skin and soft tissues are the primary site for most of these infections, and skin or mucosal colonization increases the risk of disseminated disease. Many patients without apparent underlying immune dysfunction suffer from recurrent and persistent skin infections with MRSA. Additionally, patients with conditions such as atopic dermatitis and Hyper IgE (or Job s) Syndrome (HIES) are disproportionately affected. Although underlying host molecular defects responsible for some of these predisposing conditions have been uncovered in recent years (e.g. STAT3 mutations in HIES), the skin immune response to S. aureus infections has not been elucidated in either healthy controls or susceptible populations. In this protocol, we will perform exploratory evaluations of anti-staphylococcal immune responses in healthy subjects, subjects with STAT3 mutations, and otherwise healthy subjects with a history of recurrent staphylococcal skin infections. An additional group of subjects with other underlying conditions of interest may be included.
The primary objective of this research is to perform in vivo and ex vivo challenges with killed bacteria through the use of the skin blister model and keratinocyte cultures to evaluate skin immune responses. Occasionally, a commensal fungi, such as Candida species may also be used. We will use three experimental approaches to complete this objective: 1) evaluation of in vivo responses in skin blisters to killed microbe exposure, 2) ex vivo evaluation of anti-microbial responses through derivation of keratinocyte cultures from skin blisters or biopsies, and 3) evaluation of function and immune-stimulatory ability of commensal organisms.
Specifically, a suction blister device will be used to induce a skin blister on the forearm. The tops of the blisters will be removed, and solutions of killed S. aureus, commensal coagulase-negative staphylococcal species, or other Gram-negative commensals as well as commensal fungi, such as Candida species will be applied to the blisters to stimulate inflammatory responses. The blister fluid will then be collected at various time points over 24 hours for laboratory analysis. Baseline skin and/or nasal swabs, skin biopsies, and blood draws will also be performed (The skin and nasal swabs may be performed at the screening or baseline visit.). Pediatric participants may be enrolled for baseline skin and/or nasal swabs. All research procedures will be performed at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. We anticipate that the research will provide critical new information on the human skin immune response to S. aureus that has direct relevance for the development of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||49 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Basic Science|
|Official Title:||Human Immunity Against Staphylococcus Aureus Skin Infection|
|Study Start Date :||October 10, 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 24, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||April 24, 2019|
- Drug: S. aureus
S. aureus, commensal coagulase-negative staphylococcal species, and Gram-negative commensals, such as Roseomonas and Pseudomonas species
- Evaluate the local in vivo skin immune response to bacteria. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
- Evaluate the keratinocyte responses to bacterial challenge. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
- Determine if abnormalities in specific immune pathways, such as IL-17 and vitamin D metabolism, are present in subjects with recognized susceptibility to S. aureus infections. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
- Characterize cultured skin bacteria (S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and other skin commensals) with molecular and functional studies. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
- Assess the impact of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on skin immune function. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
- Characterize blood immune parameters in a cohort of patients with invasive and/or recurrent skin and soft tissue S. aureus infections. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02262819
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Ian A Myles, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|