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Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02257528
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 6, 2014
Results First Posted : August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2022
NRG Oncology
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well nivolumab works in treating patients with cervical cancer that has grown, come back, or spread to other places in the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cervical Adenocarcinoma Cervical Adenosquamous Carcinoma Recurrent Cervical Carcinoma Stage IV Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IVA Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IVB Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7 Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To assess the antitumor activity (proportion of objective response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1 criteria) of nivolumab with objective tumor response in patients with persistent, recurrent or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix.

II. To determine the nature and degree of toxicity of nivolumab as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) in patients with persistent, recurrent or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix.


I. To estimate the duration of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).


I. To systematically evaluate programmed cell death (PD)-1 and B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1) (i.e., PD-1 ligand) expression in tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and cervical cancer cells and explore their correlations with objective response, PFS, and OS in nivolumab-treated patients with PD-1 and B7-H1 scoring results.

II. To explore the composition of immune infiltrates in tumor specimens/biopsies from primary and/or metastatic/recurrent sites with selected markers including (but not limited) to cluster of differentiation (CD)4+, CD8+, forkhead box P3 (FoxP3), CD25, lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3), T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (TIM-3), and inducible T-cell co-stimulator (ICOS) and their correlations to objective response, PFS and OS in nivolumab-treated patients.

III. To evaluate human papillomavirus (HPV) status and to explore the changes of pre- and post-immune therapy responses to HPV16/18/31/35/45 E7 antigens in patients peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and serum using proliferative and interferon (IFN)-gamma enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) (cellular immunity) and serological (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]) assays.

IV. To explore the levels of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) pre-treatment and at 8 and 12 weeks and their association with patient outcome.


Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over approximately 60 minutes every 2 weeks for a maximum of 46 doses over 92 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Evaluation of Nivolumab, a Fully Human Antibody Against PD-1, in the Treatment of Persistent or Recurrent Cervical Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : May 18, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 5, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cervical Cancer
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (nivolumab)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over approximately 60 minutes every 2 weeks for a maximum of 46 doses over 92 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • CMAB819
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • Nivolumab Biosimilar CMAB819
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Tumor Response as Assessed by RECIST 1.1 Criteria [ Time Frame: The average of study treatment time was 3.8 months. ]
    Proportion of participants with objective tumor response. Objective tumor response is defined as complete or partial tumor response assessed by RECIST 1.1.

  2. Adverse Events (Grade 3 or Higher) During Treatment Period as Assessed by CTCAE Version 4 [ Time Frame: Within 100 days of last protocol treatment ]
    Number of participants with a maximum grade of 3 or higher during treatment period. Adverse events are graded and categorized using CTCAE v4.0.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Time from study entry to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, up to 5 years of follow-up. ]
    Progression-free survival is the period of time from study entry to time of disease progression, death or date of last contact, whichever occurs first. Progression is assessed by RECIST 1.1.

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from study entry to time of death or the date of last contact, up to 5 years of follow-up ]
    Overall survival is defined as the duration of time from study entry to time of death or the date of last contact.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Tumor Expressions of PD-1 and PD-L1 in Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Cervical Cancer Cells [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Spearman's correlation coefficient will be used to explore the associations of tumor expressions of PD-L1, PD-1 and other interested biomarkers with tumor response. Cox proportional hazards (PH) model will be utilized to evaluate the associations of these tumor expressions with PFS and OS. These expressions may also be dichotomized into high versus low values (cut at the median). Log-rank tests will be used to assess the associations of these dichotomized tumor expressions with PFS and OS. The corresponding hazard rations will be estimated by Cox PH models.

  2. Immune Infiltration Related Biomarkers (i.e., CD4+, CD8+, FoxP3) in Tumor Specimens [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Immune infiltration related biomarkers (i.e., CD4+, CD8+, FoxP3) in tumor specimens will be associated with objective tumor response, PFS and OS in nivolumab-treated patients.

  3. Change in the Immune Response to HPV 16/18/31/35/45 E7 Antigen in Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes and Serum [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 5 years ]
    Wilcoxon signed rank test (for interval or ordinal data) or McNemar's test (for binary data) may be utilized to examine whether the study treatment will change immune response to HPV 16/18/31/35/45 E7 antigen in peripheral blood lymphocytes and serum by changes in the measures of pre- and post-treatment immune response to HPV 16/18/31/35/45 E7.

  4. Change in the CTC Count [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 12 weeks ]
    Change in the CTC count and whether the CTC count is associated with objective response, PFS and OS in nivolumab-treated patients will be evaluated.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have persistent, recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the cervix with documented disease progression (disease not amendable to curative therapy); NOTE: the following cervical tumors are not eligible: minimal deviation/adenoma malignum, gastric type adenocarcinoma, clear cell carcinoma and mesonephric carcinoma; histologic confirmation of the original primary tumor is required via the pathology report
  • All patents must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1; measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded); each lesion must be >= 10 mm when measured by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or caliper measurement by clinical exam; or >= 20 mm when measured by chest x-ray; lymph nodes must be >= 15 mm in short axis when measured by CT or MRI
  • Patients must have at least one "target" lesion" to be used to assess response on this protocol as defined by RECIST 1.1; tumors within a previously irradiated field will be designated as "non-target" lesions unless progression is documented or a biopsy is obtained to confirm persistence at least 90 days following completion of radiation therapy
  • Appropriate for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:

    • History/physical examination within 28 days prior to registration
    • Imaging of target lesion(s) within 28 days prior to registration
    • Further protocol-specific assessments:

      • Recovery from adverse effects of recent surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy
      • Any other prior therapy directed at the malignant tumor including chemotherapy, biologic/targeted agents and immunologic agents must be discontinued at least three weeks prior to registration
      • Investigation agents must be discontinued for at least 30 days prior to registration
      • Any prior radiation therapy must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to registration
      • At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since any major surgery prior to registration
  • Patients must have had one prior systemic chemotherapeutic regimen for management of persistent, recurrent or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix (e.g.; paclitaxel/cisplatin, paclitaxel/cisplatin/bevacizumab); chemotherapy administered concurrent with primary radiation (e.g.; weekly cisplatin) is not counted as a systemic chemotherapy regimen; adjuvant chemotherapy given following the completion of radiation therapy (or concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy) is not counted as a systemic chemotherapy regimen (e.g.; paclitaxel and carboplatin for up to 4 cycles); NOTE: patients who have received more than one prior regimen are NOT eligible
  • Performance status of 0 or 1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ul
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 40 mL/min using Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN
  • Normal thyroid function testing (thyroid stimulating hormone [TSH]) within 14 days prior to registration
  • The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent authorization permitting release of personal health information prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had prior therapy with nivolumab or with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-ligand (L)1, anti-PD-L2, anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune check point pathways
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure and unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients who are pregnant or nursing; women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks after the last dose of investigational drug; WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IV/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab; women must not be breastfeeding

    • Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile or have undergone definitive radiation) do not require contraception
    • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy of bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal; menopause is defined clinically as 12 month amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes; in addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level greater than 40 mIU/mL
    • WOCBP receiving nivolumab will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 23 weeks after the last dose of investigational product
    • Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform the treating physician immediately
  • Patients with known brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases are excluded unless the following conditions are met:

    • Metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks after treatment is complete (must be confirmed within 28 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab administration)
    • There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration
  • Patients should be excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

    • Patients should be excluded if they have a positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IRB), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded; patient with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible; patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible

    • NOTE: patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event)
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration; inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses =< 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease; patients are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption); physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if =< 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents; a brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted
  • Patients who have had evidence of active or acute diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, abdominal/pelvic fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction and/or who require parenteral hydration and/or nutrition

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02257528

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Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
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Principal Investigator: Alessandro D Santin NRG Oncology
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT02257528    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-02021
NCI-2014-02021 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NRG-GY002 ( Other Identifier: NRG Oncology )
NRG-GY002 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180868 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 6, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Adenosquamous
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action