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Phase IIIB-IV Long-Term Follow-up Study for Patients Who Participated in CAMMS03409 (TOPAZ)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02255656
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 2, 2014
Results First Posted : July 23, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi ( Genzyme, a Sanofi Company )

Brief Summary:

Primary Objective:

To evaluate long-term safety of alemtuzumab.

Secondary Objectives:

  • To evaluate long term efficacy of alemtuzumab.
  • To evaluate the safety profile of participants who received other Disease Modifying Treatment (DMT) following alemtuzumab treatment.
  • To evaluate participant-reported Quality of Life (QoL) outcomes and health resource utilization of participant who received alemtuzumab.
  • To evaluate as needed re-treatment with alemtuzumab and other DMTs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Drug: alemtuzumab GZ402673 Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The total duration per participants was up to 5.6 years.

As per Study Investigator discretion, participants can be treated with additional courses of alemtuzumab or any commercialized DMTs.

All participants who completed CAMMS03409 were allowed into the study, which might include specific vulnerable populations. If the investigator decided to treat a participant with a course of alemtuzumab, appropriate cautionary measures were applied as indicated in the approved labelling, or, in ex-European Union countries where Lemtrada was not approved, according to the investigator's brochure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1062 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Long-term Follow-up Study for Multiple Sclerosis Patients Who Have Completed the Alemtuzumab Extension Study (CAMMS03409)
Actual Study Start Date : January 7, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 15, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : July 15, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Alemtuzumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alemtuzumab
All Participants who completed the study CAMMS03409 (extension study of CAMMS223 [NCT00050778], CAMMS323 [NCT00530348], or CAMMS324 [NCT00548405]) and received alemtuzumab within 48 months prior to enrollment were included in this LPS13649 study. Participants received alemtuzumab, intravenous infusion of 12 milligram per day (mg/day) for 3 consecutive days, at the study investigators' discretion; and at least 12 months after the prior treatment course in the current study (LPS13649).
Drug: alemtuzumab GZ402673
Pharmaceutical form:concentrate for solution for infusion Route of administration: intravenous




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs), and Treatment-Emergent Serious Adverse Events (TESAEs) [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the end of the study (up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years) ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily had to have causal relationship with treatment. TEAEs were defined as AEs that developed/worsened during the 'treatment period (time from Baseline until the end of the study LPS13649 [i.e. up to a maximum of 5.6 years]). Serious adverse events (SAEs) was any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose: resulted in death, was life-threatening, required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, was a congenital anomaly/birth defect, was a medically important event.

  2. Number of Participants With Infusion-Associated Reactions (IAR) [ Time Frame: Within 24 hours of any alemtuzumab infusion ]
    Infusion-associated reactions (IAR) was defined as any adverse event occurring during and within 24 hours of alemtuzumab infusion.

  3. Number of Participants With Adverse Events of Special Interest (AESI) [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the end of the study (up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years) ]
    Adverse events of special interest included the following: hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis; pregnancy of a woman entered in the study; symptomatic overdose (serious or non-serious) with investigational medicinal Product (IMP); increase in alanine transaminase (ALT); autoimmune mediated conditions; hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis; progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy; temporally associated AEs; serious infections; malignancy; and pneumonitis.

  4. Number of Participants With Potentially Clinically Significant Laboratory Abnormalities [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the end of the study (up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years) ]

    Criteria for potentially clinically significant laboratory abnormalities included:

    • Hemoglobin (Hb): less than or equal to (<=)115 grams per liter (g/L)(Male [M]), <= 95 g/L (Female[ F]); greater than or equal to (>=)185 g/L (M), >= 165 g/L (F); Decrease From Baseline (DFB) >= 20 g/L.
    • Hematocrit: <= 0.37 volume/volume (v/v) (M); <= 0.32 v/v (F); >= 0.55 v/v (M); >= 0.5 v/v (F).
    • Red Blood Cells (RBCs): >=6 *10^12/L.
    • Platelets: <100 *10^9/L; >=700 *10^9/L. As pre-specified, data collection and analysis for this outcome measure was done on the overall population along with 2 subgroups (DAT and IAT).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Annualized Relapse Rate [ Time Frame: Up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years ]
    Relapse was defined as new neurological symptoms or worsening of previous neurological symptoms with an objective change on neurological examination. Annualized relapse rate was obtained from the total number of confirmed relapses that occurred during the treatment follow up time of all participants divided by the total years of follow-up for all participants. The annualized relapse rate was estimated using a negative binomial model with robust variance estimation.

  2. Proportion of Participants Who Were Relapse Free [ Time Frame: Up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years ]
    Relapse was defined as new neurological symptoms or worsening of previous neurological symptoms with an objective change on neurological examination. The proportion of participants who were relapse free (without event) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Change From Baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) Score at Month 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 54 and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 54 and 60 ]
    EDSS is an ordinal scale in half-point increments that qualifies disability in participants with multiple sclerosis (MS). It consists of 8 ordinal rating scales assessing seven functional systems (pyramidal, cerebellar, brainstem, sensory, bowel and bladder, visual, cerebral, and other). EDSS total score ranges from 0 (normal neurological examination) to 10 (death due to MS), where higher scores indicated worst outcomes.

  4. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment: Number of Gadolinium Enhancing (Gd-enhancing) Lesions Per MRI Scan [ Time Frame: Up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years ]
    Number of Gd-enhancing lesions per scan was defined as the total number of Gd-enhancing lesions that occurred during the treatment period divided by the total number of scans performed during the treatment period. The adjusted cumulative count of lesions was estimated by a repeated negative binomial regression with generalized estimating equation (GEE) adjusted for analysis groups and geographic region as covariates.

  5. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment: Number of New or Enlarged T2 Lesions Per MRI Scan [ Time Frame: Up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years ]
    Number of new or enlarged T2 lesions per scan was defined as the total number of new or enlarged T2 lesion that occurred during treatment period divided by the total number of scans performed during treatment period. The adjusted cumulative count of lesions was estimated by a repeated negative binomial regression with GEE adjusted for analysis groups and geographic region as covariates.

  6. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment: Number of New T1 (and New Hypointense T1) Lesions Per MRI Scan [ Time Frame: Up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years ]
    Number of new T1 lesions per scan was defined as the total number of new T1 lesion (and New Hypointense T1) that occurred during treatment period divided by the total number of scans performed during treatment period.The adjusted cumulative count of lesions was estimated by a repeated negative binomial regression with GEE adjusted for analysis groups and geographic region as covariates.

  7. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment: Percent Change From Baseline in Volume of T1 Lesions at Months 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    The total lesion volume (T1 lesions) was measured by MRI scan.

  8. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment: Percent Change From Baseline in Volume of T2 Lesions at Months 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    The total lesion volume (T2 lesions) was measured by MRI scan.

  9. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment: Percent Change From Baseline in Brain Parenchymal Fraction (BPF) at Month 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    The brain parenchymal fraction was measured by MRI scan.

  10. Change From Baseline in Self-reported Quality of Life (QoL) as Assessed by the Medical Outcome Study (MOS) 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) Scores at Month 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    The MOS SF-36 is an extensively validated and widely used measure of QoL that assesses participants' perceptions of health status and its impact on their lives. It consisted of 36 items organized into 8 scales (physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role emotional and mental health). Two summary measures of physical and mental health, the PCS and MCS, respectively, were derived from scale aggregates, and were reported in this outcome measure. The score range for each of these 2 summary scores was from 0 (worst) to 100 (best), higher scores indicated better QoL.

  11. Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Multiple Sclerosis (FAMS) Score at Month 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    The FAMS is a self-reported multidimensional index comprising a total of 58 items on 7 subscales: mobility (7 items); symptoms (7 items); emotional well-being (7 items); general contentment (7 items); thinking and fatigue (9 items); family/social well-being (7 items); and additional concerns (14 items, these are not scored). Each item (except those for "additional concerns") was rated on a 5-point scale of 0 (lower quality of life) to 4 (higher quality of life). Total FAMS score was the sum of 44 scored items, which ranged from 0 (poor) to 176 (best), with higher numbers reflecting a higher quality of life.

  12. Change From Baseline in European Quality of Life -5 Dimension (EQ-5D) Score: Utility Scores at Month 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    The EQ-5D is a generic, standardized instrument that provides a simple, descriptive profile and a single index value for health status used in the clinical and economic evaluation of health care as well as in population health surveys. The EQ-5D comprises 5 dimensions of health: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Each dimension measured on 3 levels: some, moderate, and extreme problems. The 5 dimensional 3-level systems was converted into single index utility score ranges from 0 to 100, where 100=best health state; and 0=worst health state; higher scores indicated better outcome.

  13. Change From Baseline in EQ-5D Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Scores at Month 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    EQ-5D VAS was used to record a participant's rating for his/her current health-related quality of life state and captured on a vertical VAS (0 to 100), where 0=worst imaginable health state to 100=best imaginable health state, and higher score indicated better outcome.

  14. Modified Healthcare Resource Utilization Questionnaire (HRUQ): Number of Participants Who Reported Change in Employment Situation, Availing of Sick Leaves, Admissions and Stays in Hospital, Rehabilitation Centers or Nursing Homes Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRUQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. Questionnaire addresses the following content areas: employment situation and changes in employment situation due to MS;sick leaves,admissions and stays in hospital, rehabilitation centers, or nursing homes; typical MS-related investments (eg, stair and bed lift, ramps,rails) and devices (eg,walking aids,wheelchairs); assistance by community or social services (e.g. home nurse, transportation), or help from family or friends. Each question requires a binary answer (yes/no). Number of participants who reported "Yes" as an answer to "employment situation change; had sick leaves; had hospital admission; had spent time in rehabilitation center and had spent time in a nursing home or a similar institution" questions were reported in this outcome measure.

  15. Modified HRUQ: Number of Participants Who Reported Other Changes/Changes in Lifestyle Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRUQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS.Questionnaire addresses following content areas: employment situation and changes in employment situation due to MS; admissions and stays in hospital, rehabilitation centers, or nursing homes; typical MS-related investments(e.g.stair and bed lift,ramps,rails) and devices(e.g.walking aids,wheelchairs);assistance by community or social services(e.g.home nurse, transportation), or help from family or friends. Each question requires a binary answer (yes/no). Number of participants who reported other changes/changes in lifestyle due to MS, i.e."Yes" as an answer to "had made changes to your house, apartment, car or did you require any special equipment or aids; assistance required; other assistance required" questions were reported in this outcome measure.

  16. Health Related Productivity Questionnaire (HRPQ): Number of Participants Reporting Current Employment Status (Part Time/Full Time/Not Employed) Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Current employment status of participants (i.e. Part Time/Full Time/Not Employed) was reported in this outcome measure.

  17. HRPQ: Total Scheduled Working Hours and Number of Hours Missed From Work Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Data for "total scheduled working hours of participants; number of hours missed from work by participants due to MS" were reported in this outcome measure.

  18. HRPQ: Percentage Impact on Work Output Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Percentage impact on work output due to MS were reported in this outcome measure.

  19. HRPQ: Total Scheduled Household Chores Hours; Number of Hours Missed From Household Chores Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Data for "total scheduled household chores hours; number of hours missed from planned household chores by participants due to MS" were reported in this outcome measure.

  20. HRPQ: Percentage Impact on Work Output for Household Chores Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0 of LPS13649), Month 12, Month 24, Month 36, Month 48 and Month 60 ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Percentage impact on work output for household chores due to MS were reported in this outcome measure.

  21. HRPQ: Duration of Disease (in Months) Since Development of Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline up to end of the study (up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years) ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Mean and standard deviation data for duration of MS disease (in months) since the start of MS development in participants was reported in this outcome measure.

  22. HRPQ: Number of Participants Who Reported Impact on Work Due to Multiple Sclerosis [ Time Frame: Baseline up to end of the study (up to a maximum duration of 5.6 years) ]
    Participants use of healthcare resources, non-medical resources, and informal care as well as their work capacity was assessed at scheduled study visits using a modified questionnaire (HRPQ) designed to evaluate the economic impact of MS. The questionnaire addresses the following content area: participant reported data regarding employment status, work productivity, impact on household chores due to MS. Number of participants who reported "Yes" as an answer to questions related to impact on work: "forced me to work part-time when I wanted to work full-time; kept me from having a job when I wanted to work full-time; kept me from having a job when I wanted to work part-time; none of the above" questions were reported in this outcome measure.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Participant had completed at least 48 months of the Extension Study CAMMS03409. Signed written informed consent form.

Exclusion criteria:

Participant participating in another investigational interventional study.

The above information was not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participant's potential participation in a clinical trial.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02255656


Locations
Show Show 131 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Sanofi ( Genzyme, a Sanofi Company ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 28, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 9, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02255656    
Other Study ID Numbers: LPS13649
2013-003884-71
U1111-1148-2987 ( Other Identifier: UTN )
First Posted: October 2, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 23, 2021
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Qualified researchers may request access to patient level data and related study documents including the clinical study report, study protocol with any amendments, blank case report form, statistical analysis plan, and dataset specifications. Patient level data will be anonymized and study documents will be redacted to protect the privacy of trial participants. Further details on Sanofi's data sharing criteria, eligible studies, and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Alemtuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents