A Novel Technique of Circumcision Incision Orchidopexy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02249637|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 25, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 7, 2015
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Cryptorchidism Undescended Testis||Procedure: Novel technique Circumcision Incision Orchidopexy|
Cryptorchidism is the most common disorder of the male endocrine gland in children.. 1 According to the latest guideline by European Association of Urology in the Pediatric Urology for the treatment of cryptorchidism, both inguinal and scrotal approaches orchidopexy are accepted standard treatment options. 2 In the local setting, circumcision is another common surgical procedure among the children, particularly under the same instance of anesthesia for other procedure. Not only due to religious and sociocultural reasons, male circumcision has been recently considered having a protective effect against acquisition of various sexually transmitted infections (STIs). 3 This benefit is one of many that have led to many affirmative evidence-based policy statements by medical bodies in support of the procedure.
Given that both procedures are commonly done in a single setting, we adopted the technique of orchidopexy via circumcision incision, particularly for palpable low inguinal cryptorchidism. In this paper, we aim to present a novel technique and discuss our preliminary outcome of such procedure compared to the traditional inguinal-scrotal double incision technique. Specifically, we aimed to determine the differences in operative time, testicular size changes, peri-operative complications, pain score and parent's satisfaction of both novel technique and conventional orchidopexy.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||14 participants|
|Observational Model:||Case Control|
|Official Title:||A Novel Technique of Circumcision Incision Orchidopexy for Palpable Low Inguinal Cryptorchidism: A Preliminary Report|
|Study Start Date :||September 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2014|
Patients with diagnosed palpable low inguinal cryptorchidism underwent inguinal approach as originally described by Schuller and Bevan.
Novel Technique (Circumcision incision)
Patients with diagnosed palpable low inguinal cryptorchidism underwent novel technique- circumcision incision orchidopexy.
Procedure: Novel technique Circumcision Incision Orchidopexy
The novel technique starts with retraction of the prepucial skin off the glans penis and double incision circumcision done with mucosal sparing, then degloving of the penis on the side of the undescended testis. Dissection via Dartos' layer into the inguinal area until the palpable testicle was identified and extracted with mobilization of the spermatic cord. Hernia sac was then separated and suture ligated as high as the area of internal ring opening. Spematic cord lengthening was done until adequate length achieved for fixation into the inferior aspect of the scrotum. Then development of the Dartos' pouch via the circumcision site was done. A double or single suture testicular fixation using Vicryl 3-0 simple interrupted sutures on the everted Dartos' pouch inner surface was done. Subsequent placement of the testicle into the Dartos' pouch was done as the inner surface was inverted. The last step was the completion of the circumcision closure using Chromic 4-0 interrupted sutures.
Other Name: Chua's Procedure
- Complication rate occurence related to the procedure [ Time Frame: 3 months- 5 years ]Perioperative complications such as incidents of persistence of procesus vaginalis, testicular atrophy, hematoma, surgical site wound infection as well as the post-operative outcome such as testicular size changes
- Visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score post-operation [ Time Frame: post-operative 24-48 hour ]Average pain score post operation as described by the patient using visual analogue scale
- Parent's satisfaction score for the procedure post-operation [ Time Frame: 1 week post operative follow up ]Parent's satisfaction score measured as 1-5 scale, with 1 being very unsatisfied, 2 being unsatisfied, 3 being neutral, 4 being satisfied, 5 being very satisfied
- Operative time consumed by the procedure [ Time Frame: Operative time ]Time from incision to incision closure end
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02249637
|Institute of Urology|
|Quezon City, NCR, Philippines|