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A Multicenter Open Label Phase II Study of Pomalidomide and Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone in Relapse/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Patients Who Were First Treated Within the IFM/DFCI 2009 Trial (PCD)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02244125
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut Curie

Brief Summary:

Imnovid in combination with dexamethasone is indicated in the treatment of adult patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior treatment regimens, including both lenalidomide (Revlimid) and bortezomib (Velcade), and have demonstrated disease progression on the last therapy.

Patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who have received bortezomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone combination, considered to be the multiple myeloma optimal treatment, can access to pomalidomide under marketing authorization only as from third line of treatment.

In France this combination is not authorized for marketing for a first line treatment and only patient randomized in the IFM/DFCI 2009 trial received it.

This study concerns patients previously randomized in the IFM/DFCI 2009 trial who have received bortezomib, lenalidomide and Dexamethasone combination in first line, which at progression/relapse time therapeutic opportunities remained limited and who cannot access pomalidomide under marketing authorization.

This study is a multicentre, phase 2, open label, study testing the triple combination of pomalidomide and cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (PCD) in multiple myeloma patients who are refractory or in first progression/relapse after a first line treatment with bortezomib and lenalidomide, an IMiDs (an Immuno Modulatory Drug and a proteasome inhibitor) according to the IFM/DFCI 2009 trial.

In the IFM/DFCI trial, patients in arm A received eight cycles of the Velcade-Revlimid-Dexamethasone combination followed by 1 year of lenalidomide maintenance, patients in arm B received 3 cycles of Velcade-Revlimid-Dexamethasone combination plus melphalan 200mg/m2 with an autologous transplantation followed by 2 cycles of Velcade-Revlimid-Dexamethasone combination consolidation and 1 year of lenalidomide maintenance.

This study will contain 3 treatment phases:

  • Study treatment phase:

All patients will receive 4 cycles (28 days) of pomalidomide-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone combination.

  • Consolidation phase (depends on the initial randomization in the IFM/DFCI 2009 trial):

    • For patients previously randomized in IFM/DFCI 2009's arm A:

      • Melphalan 200 mg/m2 followed by Autologous Transplantation
      • Three months after, 2 cycles of pomalidomide-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone combination
    • For patients previously randomized in IFM/DFCI 2009's arm B:

      • 5 cycles of pomalidomide-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone combination
  • Maintenance phase (identical to all patients) subsequent cycles of pomalidomide and Dexamethasone until progression / relapse or discontinuation for any other reason.

For arm B patients, in case relapse occurs at least 12 months after the end of the maintenance IFM/DFCI 2009 trial, they could proceed to a second autologous transplantation and therefore follow the arm A procedure. The decision to proceed to a second transplant will be made by the physician and the patient.

In order to have the same amount of patients enrolled in this trial in the initial Arm A and Arm B of the IFM/DFCI 2009 trial, once 50 patients have been included in either arm A or B, subsequent patients will be eligible if they have not been initially treated as the first 50 patients from either arm.

The primary endpoint is the response rate (Partial Response (PR) or better) after 4 cycles of the triple combination pomalidomide and cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (PCD) in the studied population using International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) response criteria.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma First Relapse Drug: PCD Procedure: Autologous transplantation (ASCT) Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Open Label Phase II Study of Pomalidomide and Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone in Relapse/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Patients Who Were First Treated Within the IFM/DFCI 2009 Trial
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Previous IFM/DFCI 2009 arm A

Patients previously randomized into IFM/DFCI 2009 trial arm A (or if transplantation was not done) will receive:

  • The treatment phase:

    • 4 cycles of PCD (Pomalidomide-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone)
  • The consolidation phase:

    • Melphalan 200mg/m2 followed by ASCT (Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation)
    • 2 cycles of PCD (Pomalidomide-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone)
  • The maintenance phase: Until progression or discontinuation for any other reason

    • Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone
Drug: PCD

STUDY TREATMENT PHASE: All patients

  • 4x 28 days cycles of PCD

[Pomalidomide: 4mg/day oral route on 21 days per cycle]

[Cyclophosphamide: 300mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

[Dexamethasone: 40mg/day oral route on days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 15, 16, 17, 18 per cycle]

CONSOLIDATION PHASE: depends on previous IFM/DFCI 2009's arm:

Arm A:

  • Melphalan 200mg/m2 followed by Autologous Transplantation
  • 2x 28 days cycles of PCD, three months post transplantation

Arm B:

  • 5x 28 days cycles of PCD

[Pomalidomide: 4mg/day oral route on 21 days per cycle]

[Cyclophosphamide: 300mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

[Dexamethasone: 40mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

MAINTENANCE PHASE: All patients

- Until progression/relapse or discontinuation for any other reason

[Pomalidomide: 4mg/day oral route on 21 days per cycle]

[Dexamethasone: 20mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

Other Name: Pomalidomide-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone association

Previous transplantation IFM/DFCI 2009 arm B

Patients previously randomized into IFM/DFCI 2009 trial arm B (RVD plus Transplant) will receive:

  • The treatment phase:

    • 4 cycles of PCD (Pomalidomide-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone)
  • The consolidation phase:

    • 5 cycles of PCD (Pomalidomide-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone)
  • The maintenance phase: Until progression or discontinuation for any oher reason

    • Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone
Drug: PCD

STUDY TREATMENT PHASE: All patients

  • 4x 28 days cycles of PCD

[Pomalidomide: 4mg/day oral route on 21 days per cycle]

[Cyclophosphamide: 300mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

[Dexamethasone: 40mg/day oral route on days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 15, 16, 17, 18 per cycle]

CONSOLIDATION PHASE: depends on previous IFM/DFCI 2009's arm:

Arm A:

  • Melphalan 200mg/m2 followed by Autologous Transplantation
  • 2x 28 days cycles of PCD, three months post transplantation

Arm B:

  • 5x 28 days cycles of PCD

[Pomalidomide: 4mg/day oral route on 21 days per cycle]

[Cyclophosphamide: 300mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

[Dexamethasone: 40mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

MAINTENANCE PHASE: All patients

- Until progression/relapse or discontinuation for any other reason

[Pomalidomide: 4mg/day oral route on 21 days per cycle]

[Dexamethasone: 20mg/day oral route on days 1, 8, 15, 22 per cycle]

Other Name: Pomalidomide-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone association

Procedure: Autologous transplantation (ASCT)

Arm A:

•Melphalan 200mg/m2 followed by Autologous Transplantation





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate (Partial response (PR) or better) [ Time Frame: 4 months after treatment initiation ]
    after 4 cycles of the triple association


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety : incidence of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events and laboratory abnormalities [ Time Frame: from consent to 28 days after the last dose ]
    using National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTC AE) V4.03


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Time to response and response duration [ Time Frame: every 28 days until progression/relapse or discontinuation ]
    Time to response (from the date of inclusion to the date of the first observation of response) and response duration (time between first documentation of response and disease progression).

  2. Time to Disease Progression [ Time Frame: every 28 days until progression/relapse or discontinuation ]
    from first dose to first observation of disease progression

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 5 years from last study drug intake ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have been treated in first line within the IFM/DFCI 2009 trial to be treated within the PCD trial in second line
  2. Must be able to understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  3. Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  4. Age: 18-70 years
  5. Life expectancy >6 months
  6. Patients must have progressive (+/- symptomatic) Myeloma as defined by the IMWG criteria with increase of ≥25% from lowest response value in any one or more of the following:

    • Serum M-component and/or (the absolute increase must be ≥0.5 g/dl)
    • Urine M-component and/or (the absolute increase must be ≥200 mg/24h)
    • Only in patients without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels. The absolute increase must be >10 mg/dl
    • Bone marrow plasma cell percentage; the absolute percentage must be ≥10%
    • Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or definite increase in the size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas
    • Development of hypercalcaemia (corrected serum calcium >11.5 mg/dl or 2.65mmol/l) that can be attributed solely to the plasma cell proliferative disorder.
  7. Patients must have a clearly detectable and quantifiable monoclonal M-component value:

    • IgG (serum M-component >10g/l)
    • IgA (serum M-component >5g/l)
    • IgD (serum M-component >0.5g/l)
    • Light chain (serum M-component >1g/l or Bence Jones >200mg/24h)
    • In patients without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels and in the absence of renal failure: when the absolute serum FreeLightChain (sFLC) is ≥100mg/l and an abnormal sFLC K/λ ratio (<0.26 or>1.65) is found.
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2
  9. Adequate bone marrow function, documented within 96 hours prior to treatment without transfusion or growth factor support, defined as:

    • Absolute neutrophils ≥1000/mm3
    • Platelets ≥75000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥8.5g/dl
  10. Adequate organ function, documented within 96 hours prior to treatment, defined as:

    • Serum SGOT/AST or SGPT/ALT <3.0 X Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) ≥50 ml/min
    • Serum total bilirubin <2.0 mg/dl
  11. Wash out period of at least 2 weeks from previous antitumor therapy or any investigational treatment.
  12. Able to take antithrombotic medicines such as low molecular weight heparin or aspirin.
  13. Subjects affiliated with an appropriate social security system
  14. Agree to abstain from donating blood while taking study drug therapy and for at least 28 days following discontinuation of study drug therapy
  15. Agree not to share study medication with another person and to return all unused study drug to the investigator
  16. Female subjects of childbearing potential (*) must:

    • Understand the potential teratogenic risk to the unborn child
    • Understand the need and agree to use, and be able to comply with, two reliable forms of contraception simultaneously or to practice complete abstinence from heterosexual contact during the following time periods related to this study:

      1. for at least 28 days before starting study drug;
      2. while participating in the study;
      3. dose interruptions; and
      4. for at least 28 days after study treatment discontinuation.

    The two methods of reliable contraception must include one highly effective method and one additional effective (barrier) method. Females of childbearing potential must be referred to a qualified provider of contraceptive methods if needed. The following are examples of highly effective and additional effective methods of contraception:

    • Highly effective methods:

      • Intrauterine device (IUD)
      • Hormonal (birth control pills, injections, implants)
      • Tubal ligation
      • Partner's vasectomy
    • Additional effective methods:

      • Male condom
      • Diaphragm
      • Cervical Cap

    Because of the increased risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with multiple myeloma taking pomalidomide and cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone, combined oral contraceptive pills are not recommended. If a female subject is currently using combined oral contraception the patient should switch to another one of the highly effective methods listed above. The risk of venous thromboembolism continues for 4-6 weeks after discontinuing combined oral contraception. The efficacy of contraceptive steroids may be reduced during co-treatment with dexamethasone.

    Implants and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices are associated with an increased risk of infection at the time of insertion and irregular vaginal bleeding. Prophylactic antibiotics should be considered particularly in patients with neutropenia.

    o Agree to have pregnancy testing based on the frequency outlined below.

    Medically supervised pregnancy tests with a minimum sensitivity of 25 mIU/ml must be performed for females of childbearing potential, including females of childbearing potential who commit to complete abstinence:

    • Before starting study drug: females of childbearing potential must have two negative pregnancy tests prior to starting study drug. The first pregnancy test must be performed within 10-14 days prior to the start of study drug and the second pregnancy test must be performed within 24 hours prior to the start of study drug. The patient may not receive study drug until the study doctor has verified that the results of these pregnancy tests are negative.
    • During study participation and for 28 days following study drug discontinuation:

    Females of childbearing potential with regular or no menstrual cycles must agree to have pregnancy tests weekly for the first 28 days of study participation and then every 28 days while on study, at study discontinuation, and at day 28 following study drug discontinuation.

    If menstrual cycles are irregular, the pregnancy testing must occur weekly for the first 28 days and then every 14 days while on study, at study discontinuation, and at days 14 and 28 following study drug discontinuation.

    *Criteria for women of childbearing potential: This protocol defines a female of childbearing potential as a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (ie, has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).

  17. Male subjects must:

    • Practice complete abstinence or agree to use a condom during sexual contact with a pregnant female or a female of childbearing potential while participating in the study, during dose interruptions and for at least 28 days following study drug discontinuation, even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy.
    • Agree not to donate semen or sperm during study drug therapy and for at least 28 days following discontinuation of study drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any other uncontrolled medical condition or comorbidity that might interfere with subject's participation
  2. Primary amyloidosis or myeloma complicated by amyloidosis
  3. Pregnant or breast feeding females
  4. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 2 weeks before study treatment initiation (except local radiotherapy and/or corticosteroid until dose of dexamethasone 160mg)
  5. Known positive for HIV or Active infectious hepatitis, type B or C
  6. Patients with non-secretory MM
  7. Prior history of malignancies within 10 years
  8. Evidence of Central Nervous System (CNS) involvement
  9. Any >grade 2 toxicity unresolved
  10. Peripheral neuropathy >grade 2
  11. Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide, lenalidomide, cyclophosphamide or dexamethasone
  12. Ongoing active infection, especially ongoing pneumonitis
  13. Participant with clinical signs of heart or coronary failure, or evidence of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) inferior to 40%.

    Participant with myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrolment or have New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, and controlled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities

  14. Inability or unwillingness to comply with birth control requirements
  15. Unable to take antithrombotic medicines at study entry
  16. Unable to take corticotherapy at study entry
  17. Scheduled vaccination with a live agent such as yellow fever vaccine
  18. Individually deprived of liberty or placed under the authority of a tutor

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02244125


Locations
Show Show 30 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut Curie
Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: KUHNOWSKI Frederique, MD Institut Curie
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Institut Curie
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02244125    
Other Study ID Numbers: IC 2013-05
First Posted: September 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Institut Curie:
Myeloma
Multiple Myeloma
Relapse
Refractory
PCD
IFM/DFCI 2009
Transplantation
Autologous
Pomalidomide
Immunoglobulin
Ig
Free light Chain
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Recurrence
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Dexamethasone
Cyclophosphamide
Pomalidomide
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Anti-Inflammatory Agents