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Fluoro-L-Thymidine Positron Emission Tomography (FLT PET) vs. Adv. Magnetic Resonance (MR) Techniques in Recurrent Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02241668
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Withdrawn due to other initiatives)
First Posted : September 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2016
GE Healthcare
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if using a new imaging solution, 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine, in a positron emission tomography (PET) scan can help doctors determine if your brain lesion is from the tumor returning or the effects of previous treatments.

The results of this imaging scan (called an FLT PET scan) will be compared to the results of a Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan, which you have already had or are scheduled to have outside of this study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain Tumor Procedure: PET Scan Drug: 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine Not Applicable

Detailed Description:


If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will have an FLT PET scan.

An FLT PET scan uses the 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine solution, which contains a small amount of radioactive material. The radioactive nature of the solution allows the scanner to "see" it in certain places in your body. You will receive the solution by vein through a catheter. A central venous catheter is a sterile flexible tube that will be placed into a large vein while you are under local anesthesia. Your doctor will explain this procedure to you in more detail, and you will be required to sign a separate consent form.

After the injection, you will need to rest quietly until it is time for the scan. The amount of rest time may vary, but be prepared to wait for about 60 minutes. During the scan, you will lie flat on your back on a table. After the solution is injected into a vein, the PET scanner takes pictures of the radioactive solution as it moves through the body and collects at various sites in the body. By watching how the solution travels through the body and studying where the solution collects, researchers may be able to learn where the disease is in your body. The entire procedure should last about 60-70 minutes.

You must not eat or drink anything except water for at least 6 hours before the FLT PET scan.

About 2 minutes after the FLT solution is injected, blood (about 10 teaspoons) will be drawn from the catheter. This blood will be drawn to measure how much FLT is in your body and may help the study staff understand the images better.

Length of Study:

After the FLT PET scan is complete, your active participation on this study will be over.

Follow-Up Medical Record Review:

About 30 days after the FLT PET scan, you will be contacted by phone by the study staff to check if you are having any side effects. The phone call should last about 15 minutes.

Your medical records will continue to be reviewed for up to an additional 5 years to learn how you are doing, what other treatments you may have had and how they worked, if you had any new brain problems, or if the tumor came back.

This is an investigational study. The 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine solution is not FDA approved or commercially available. At this time, 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine solution is only being used in research.

Up to 20 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Pilot Study to Assess Accuracy of Time-resolved FLT PET and MR Techniques in Determining Treatment-related Necrosis From Recurrent Glioma
Study Start Date : June 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FLT PET Scan + 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine
After a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of brain performed, an FLT PET scan using 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine solution performed. After solution is injected into a vein, the PET scanner takes pictures of the radioactive solution as it moves through the body and collects at various sites in the body. The entire procedure should last about 60-70 minutes.
Procedure: PET Scan
FLT Pet Scan performed about 60 minutes after 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine solution injected.
Other Name: Positron Emission Tomography

Drug: 3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine
3'-Deoxy-3'-18f-Fluorothymidine solution injected through a central venous catheter after MRI scan. After solution injected into a vein, PET scanner takes pictures of the radioactive solution as it moves through the body and collects at various sites in the body. Entire procedure should last about 60-70 minutes.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Performance of Fluoro-L-Thymidine Positron Emission Tomography (FLT PET) and Perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in the Diagnosis of Recurrent High-Grade Glial Tumor [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Performance (sensitivity, specificity, negative/ positive predictive values) for MR perfusion and FLT PET made using prior reported values (PEI > 20% 10 and normalized uptake >1.3 17, respectively). Particular attention placed on the location for ROI's and pathology sampling in large heterogenous lesions. Additional, exploratory analysis performed to determine post-hoc optimal cut-off values for classifying glioma vs. necrosis. Logistic regression used to fit a model using a combination of a perfusion values, spectroscopy values, diffusion values, and values from FLT PET.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient is >/= 18 years old, agrees to participate in the clinical study and to complete all required visits and evaluations. The pediatric population has a different disease profile from the glioma patients we hope to recruit. To reduce heterogeneity in the patient population we will not consider patients younger than 18 for this study.
  2. Patient is a candidate for cerebral tumor resection due to an enhancing brain lesion, with history of previous pathologically proven primary brain tumor (WHO grade II-IV diffuse glioma)
  3. Patient had diffuse glioma (WHO grade 2 - 4) and as part of their treatment received radiation therapy and Temozolomide (a first-line chemotherapeutic agent).
  4. Patient will have subsequently developed an enhancing brain mass greater than 1cm in diameter, at least 6 months after finishing radiation therapy (to differentiate from the more acute treatment related effect of "pseudo-progression").
  5. As the predominate means of determining TRN versus recurrent glial tumor at MD Anderson, a brain tumor/ necrosis protocol is ordered as clinically indicated.
  6. Patient's clinician based on the clinical and MR information wants to proceed with biopsy or surgical resection within 30 days from when the brain tumor MR protocol was performed. The patient meets with the neurosurgeon and agrees to surgical biopsy or resection.
  7. Patient is able to understand and give consent to participation in the study
  8. Patient has received as part of their care the Brain Tumor Imaging protocol.
  9. Patient agrees to undergo, prior to the procedure, FLT PET at CABI

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient is found to have unfavorable anatomy to indicate that stereotactic biopsy/ resection could not be safely performed
  2. Claustrophobia that does not readily respond to oral medication
  3. Allergy to Fluoro-L-Thymidine
  4. Pregnant or lactating (Based on self-reported and clinical care testing with physicians before study participation)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02241668

Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
GE Healthcare
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Principal Investigator: Eric Rohren, MD, PHD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT02241668    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013-0283
First Posted: September 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 26, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Brain tumor
Fluoro-L-Thymidine Positron Emission Tomography
Magnetic resonance imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases