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Argon Plasma Coagulation for Bleeding Peptic Ulcers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02241044
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Huay-Min Wang, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital.

Brief Summary:

Background:

A second endoscopic method added to injection therapy is recommended for high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers. Many endoscopic devices have been proved as useful hemostatic instruments, whereas the hemostatic efficacy of argon plasma coagulation (APC) has not been widely investigated.

Aim:

This study was designed to know whether additional APC treatment could influence the hemostatic efficacy after endoscopic injection therapy in treating high-risk bleeding ulcers.

Methods:

From October 2010 to January 2012, eligible patients who had high-risk bleeding ulcers were admitted to our hospital. They prospectively randomly underwent either APC therapy plus distilled water injection or distilled water injection alone. Pantoprazole infusion was conducted during the fasting period after endoscopy and orally for 8 weeks to encourage ulcer healing. Episodes of rebleeding were retreated with endoscopic combination therapy. Patients who did not benefit from retreatment underwent emergency surgery or transarterial embolization (TAE).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bleeding Ulcers Device: Argon plasma coagulation Device: Distilled water Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Patients and methods Study cohort Patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) who were admitted to Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital between January 2011 and January 2012 were screened. Inclusion criteria were (i) over 20 years of age and (ii) patients with high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding. Acute hemorrhage from upper gastrointestine was defined as classical presentation with hematemesis, coffee-ground emesis, and/or melena. High-risk bleeding ulcers were defined as participants with stigmata of a bleeding visible vessels (eg, spurting, oozing), a non-bleeding visible vessels (NBVV) or adherent clot.4 A NBVV at endoscopy was defined as a raised red, red-blue or pale hemispheric vessel protruding from the ulcer bed, without active bleeding. An adherent clot was defined as an overlying blood clot that was resistant to vigorous irrigation.

Exclusion criteria were as follows: (i) the presence of another possible bleeding site (eg, gastroesophageal varix, gastric cancer, reflux esophagitis); (ii) coexistence of actively severe ill diseases (eg, septic shock, stroke, myocardial infarction, surgical abdomen); (iii) treatment with an anticoagulant (eg, warfarin); (iv) pregnancy; (v) the presence of operated stomach or; (vi) refusal to participate in the study.

In current study, baseline characteristics of both study groups were collected at the first 24 hours after admission. Some definitions of events were expressed herein: smoking was defined as inhalation of smoke from burning tobacco daily in recent 3 months; habitual consumption of alcohol was defined as participants imbibing alcohol twice or more per week in recent 3 months; shock was considered systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg or diastolic less than 60 mmHg, and heart rate over 100 beats per minute; comorbid diseases included unresolved malignancy, diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis, uremia, congestive heart failure, chronic pulmonary obstructive disease and pneumonia; and coagulopathy was defined as prothrombin time > 14 seconds and/or activated partial thromboplastin time > 45 seconds.

Randomization In this prospective, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial, eligible patients were randomized into two groups using opaque-sealed envelopes numbered according to a table of random numbers before the fist therapeutic endoscopy (index endoscopy): the Combined group and the Injection group. Informed consent was obtained from each enrolled participant. Combined group patients received APC therapy following distilled water injection at index endoscopy. Injection group patients underwent distilled water alone at index endoscopy. Thereafter both treatment groups were treated with intravenous pantoprazole (Pantoloc i.v., Nycomed GmbH, Singen, Germany) 40 mg every 12 hours during the first 3 days, followed by oral pantoprazole (Pantoloc, Takeda GmbH, Oranienburg, Germany) 40 mg daily until the end of 56-day study period. Primary end point was rebleeding. Secondary end points included initial hemostasis, the need for surgery, transfusion requirements, the period of hospitalization, severe adverse event (stricture, obstruction or perforation) and death at 30 days postrandomization.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 116 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Ivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Study Start Date : October 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: the Combined group
The Combined group patients received Argon plasma coagulation therapy, PSD-60/Endoplasma (Olympus Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), following distilled water injection at index endoscopy. Then participants were treated with intravenous pantoprazole (Pantoloc i.v., Nycomed GmbH, Singen, Germany) 40 mg every 12 hours during the first 3 days, followed by oral pantoprazole (Pantoloc, Takeda GmbH, Oranienburg, Germany) 40 mg daily until the end of 56-day study period.
Device: Argon plasma coagulation
Argon plasma coagulation therapy was realized by an Olympus electrosurgical unit/APC unit (PSD-60/Endoplasma, Olympus Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), and its catheters were 2.3mm and 3.5 mm equipped with different endoscope channels.7 APC treatment used a coagulation mode at gas flow/power settings of 1.5L/min and 40 watt for duodenal ulcers and 40-60 watt for gastric ulcers.10 Operative distance between the probe and target bleeding ranged from 2 to 8 mm. Air warranted to be sucked frequently at endoscopy in an attempt at decrease of APC-induced smoke and gastric decompensation, with appropriate treatment of high-risk bleeding ulcers.
Other Name: PSD-60/Endoplasma (Olympus Corporation, Tokyo, Japan)

Device: Distilled water
Distilled water was then applied in aliquots of 0.5-2.0 mL, at and around the site of target bleeding, up to 25.0 ml if necessary. Injection amount was determined by endoscopists according to ulcer or vessel size and its location.

Placebo Comparator: the Injection group
Injection group patients underwent distilled water alone at index endoscopy. Then patients were treated with intravenous pantoprazole (Pantoloc i.v., Nycomed GmbH, Singen, Germany) 40 mg every 12 hours during the first 3 days, followed by oral pantoprazole (Pantoloc, Takeda GmbH, Oranienburg, Germany) 40 mg daily until the end of 56-day study period.
Device: Distilled water
Distilled water was then applied in aliquots of 0.5-2.0 mL, at and around the site of target bleeding, up to 25.0 ml if necessary. Injection amount was determined by endoscopists according to ulcer or vessel size and its location.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. rebleeding [ Time Frame: up to 30 days ]
    Rebleeding was observed for a 30-day study period. One or more the following criteria were considered as evidence of recurrent bleeding: aspiration of fresh blood from a nasogastric or orogastric tube; pulse rate over 100 beats per minute; a drop in systolic blood pressure exceeding 30 mmHg; or continue coffee ground emesis or melena with a decline in hemoglobin of at least 2g/dL.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. mortality [ Time Frame: up to 30 days ]
    All-cause deaths were recorded.

  2. Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 30 days ]
    the need for surgery wihtin 30 days

  3. sever adverse events [ Time Frame: up to 30 days ]
    Namely, stricture, obstruction and perforation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • (i) over 20 years of age and (ii) patients with high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • (i) the presence of another possible bleeding site (eg, gastroesophageal varix, gastric cancer, reflux esophagitis); (ii) coexistence of actively severe ill diseases (eg, septic shock, stroke, myocardial infarction, surgical abdomen); (iii) treatment with an anticoagulant (eg, warfarin); (iv) pregnancy; (v) the presence of operated stomach or; (vi) refusal to participate in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02241044


Locations
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Taiwan
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine
Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 81362
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Huay-Min Wang, MD Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Huay-Min Wang, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung,Taiwan, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02241044     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VGHKS98-CT8-13
First Posted: September 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2014
Last Verified: September 2014

Keywords provided by Huay-Min Wang, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital.:
argon plasma coagulation, bleeding peptic ulcer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ulcer
Hemorrhage
Peptic Ulcer
Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Duodenal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage