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A Randomised, Open-label, Three-way Crossover Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Single Doses of Four Sprays of Sativex® in a Range of Oral pH Environments in Healthy Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02240160
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : September 15, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Brief Summary:

To evaluate the effect of oral pH on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single oromucosal dose of Sativex (four sprays containing 10.8 mg Δ9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and 10 mg cannabidiol (CBD)) by comparing the PK profile of Sativex in healthy subjects.

The primary clinical hypothesis is that there will be an effect of oral pH on the PK of Sativex when administered as a single oromucosal dose (four sprays).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
To Provide Further Information About the Potential Need for Sativex Dose Adjustments in Patient Populations. Drug: Sativex Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase I, randomised, open-label, three-way crossover study to assess the effects of oral pH on the PK of Sativex. Subjects will receive each of the following treatments in a random order across three residential treatment visits:

  • Treatment A (acidic oral pH): Sativex (four sprays) after pre-treatment with Coca-Cola;
  • Treatment B (neutral oral pH): Sativex (four sprays) after pre-treatment with tap water;
  • Treatment C (alkaline oral pH): Sativex (four sprays) after pre-treatment with an oral suspension of magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia).

The target pH for each treatment will be determined from the results of a pilot study.

Each dose administration will be separated by at least seven days. Study subjects will participate in a total of five study visits.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Randomised, Open-label, Three-way Crossover Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Single Doses of Four Sprays of Sativex® in a Range of Oral pH Environments in Healthy Subjects
Study Start Date : August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sativex: acidic oral pH
Four sprays of Sativex taken within two minutes of pH measurement immediately following oral pre-treatment with Coca-Cola (30 mL held in the mouth for 45-60 seconds then spat out, repeated three times).
Drug: Sativex
Oromucosal spray containing THC (27 mg/mL) and CBD (25 mg/mL) in ethanol:propylene glycol (50:50) excipients, with peppermint oil (0.05%) flavouring. Each 100 μL spray delivers 2.7 mg THC and 2.5 mg CBD.
Other Names:
  • Nabiximols
  • THC/CBD spray

Experimental: Sativex: neutral oral pH
Four sprays of Sativex taken within two minutes of pH measurement immediately following oral pre-treatment with tap water (30 mL held in the mouth for 45-60 seconds then spat out, repeated three times).
Drug: Sativex
Oromucosal spray containing THC (27 mg/mL) and CBD (25 mg/mL) in ethanol:propylene glycol (50:50) excipients, with peppermint oil (0.05%) flavouring. Each 100 μL spray delivers 2.7 mg THC and 2.5 mg CBD.
Other Names:
  • Nabiximols
  • THC/CBD spray

Experimental: Sativex: alkaline oral pH
Four sprays of Sativex taken within two minutes of pH measurement immediately following oral pre-treatment with milk of magnesia (30 mL held in the mouth for 45-60 seconds then spat out, repeated three times).
Drug: Sativex
Oromucosal spray containing THC (27 mg/mL) and CBD (25 mg/mL) in ethanol:propylene glycol (50:50) excipients, with peppermint oil (0.05%) flavouring. Each 100 μL spray delivers 2.7 mg THC and 2.5 mg CBD.
Other Names:
  • Nabiximols
  • THC/CBD spray




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic parameters of THC: Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean highest observed plasma concentration of the measured concentration-time profile (Cmax), area under the concentration-time curve from administration to the last sampling point (AUC(0-t)), and area under the concentration-time curve extrapolated to infinity (AUC(0-∞)) of THC are presented.

  2. Pharmacokinetic parameters of CBD: Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) of CBD are presented.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 11-hydroxy-CBD (11-OH-CBD): Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) of 11-OH-CBD are presented.

  2. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 7-hydroxy-CBD (7-OH-CBD): Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) of 7-OH-CBD are presented.

  3. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 6-hydroxy-CBD (6-OH-CBD): Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean Cmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-∞) of 6-OH-CBD are presented.

  4. Pharmacokinetic parameters of THC: t½ and Tmax [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean terminal elimination half-life (t½) and time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) of THC are presented.

  5. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 11-OH-CBD: t½ and Tmax [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean t½ and Tmax of 11-OH-CBD are presented.

  6. Pharmacokinetic parameters of CBD: t½ and Tmax [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean t½ and Tmax of CBD are presented.

  7. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 7-OH-CBD: t½ and Tmax [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean t½ and Tmax of 7-OH-CBD are presented.

  8. Pharmacokinetic parameters of 6-OH-CBD: t½ and Tmax [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean t½ and Tmax of 6-OH-CBD are presented.

  9. Total body clearance (CL/F) of THC and CBD from plasma [ Time Frame: 0-24 hours post-dose ]
    Mean total body clearance of THC and CBD from plasma is presented.

  10. The incidence of adverse events as measure of subject safety [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects who experienced an adverse event during the study is presented. The time-frame for adverse event reporting was from screening to the follow-up visit.

  11. The number of subjects with a clinically significant change in physical and oral examination results, relative to pre-treatment baseline [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects with a change in physical and oral examination results indicative of an adverse event, relative to the pre-treatment baseline, is presented.

  12. The number of subjects with a clinically significant change in 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) results, relative to pre-treatment baseline [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects with a change in ECG results indicative of an adverse event, relative to the pre-treatment baseline, is presented.

  13. The number of subjects with clinically significant changes in laboratory test parameters, relative to pre-treatment baseline [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects with clinically significant changes in serum biochemistry, haematology and urinalysis, relative to the pre-treatment baseline, is presented.

  14. The number of subjects with a clinically significant change in vital signs, relative to pre-treatment baseline [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects with a change in vital signs (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate) indicative of an adverse event, relative to the pre-treatment baseline, is presented.

  15. The number of subjects with a clinically significant change in body temperature, relative to pre-treatment baseline [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects with a change in body temperature indicative of an adverse event, relative to the pre-treatment baseline, is presented.

  16. The number of subjects with a clinically significant change in body weight, relative to pre-treatment baseline [ Time Frame: From screening to follow-up, an expected average of 35 days ]
    The number of subjects with a change in body weight indicative of an adverse event, relative to the pre-treatment baseline, is presented.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study;
  • Male and/or female subjects aged 18 to 50 years, inclusive;
  • Subject must weigh at least 50.0 kg and have a body mass index (BMI) between 19.0 and 35.0 kg/m2, inclusive;
  • Subject must be a non-smoker for at least three months prior to screening and must be willing to abstain from smoking during the study;
  • Subject must be in good health as determined by the investigator from medical history, physical and oral examination findings, 12-lead standard ECG findings and clinical laboratory test results (laboratory results outside of the reference range must be documented as acceptable by both the investigator and sponsor);
  • Subject is able (in the investigator's opinion) and willing to comply with all study requirements;
  • Subject is willing to allow his or her primary care practitioner and consultant, if appropriate, to be notified of participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of any prescription medications or herbal supplements within 2 weeks prior to Day 1 of the first treatment visit or any over the counter medications or supplements within 72 hours prior to first study medication administration;
  • Subject has oral issues/condition likely, in the opinion of the investigator, to affect the assessment of the oromucosal absorption of Sativex;
  • Subject is physically dependent on alcohol, has a history of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to dose administration or evidence of such abuse as indicated by the laboratory assays conducted during the screening or baseline evaluations;
  • Subject has a positive result for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis C virus antibodies (HCAb) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies;
  • Subject is currently using or has used cannabis, cannabinoid-based medications (e.g. Marinol®, Nabilone®, Cannador®) or Acomplia (rimonabant) or taranabant within 30 days of study entry (first treatment visit) and is unwilling to abstain for the duration of the study;
  • Subject consumes more than five caffeinated beverages per day (e.g., five cups of tea or coffee or cans of cola) or is unwilling to abstain from consumption of caffeine-containing food and beverages throughout the study period;
  • Subject has any known or suspected history or family history of schizophrenia, or other psychotic illness, history of severe personality disorder or other significant psychiatric disorder;
  • Subject has any history of epilepsy as evidenced by one or more seizures in the last 12 months;
  • Subject has any known or suspected hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or any of the excipients of the investigational medicinal product (IMP), Coca-Cola or antacid medications;
  • Subject who has received an IMP within the 12 weeks prior to the screening visit, or who has received the last dose of an IMP greater than three months ago but is on extended follow-up;
  • Subject with any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, may either put the subject at risk because of participation in the study, may influence the result of the study or the subject's ability to participate in the study;
  • Following a physical examination, the subject has any abnormalities that, in the opinion of the investigator would prevent the subject from safe participation in the study;
  • Travel outside the country of residence planned during the study;
  • Subjects who are vegans or have medical dietary restrictions.
  • Subject has a positive urine drug (including THC), cotinine or alcohol result at screening or at Day -1 of first treatment visit; or positive urine drug (excluding THC), cotinine or alcohol result at Day -1 of subsequent treatment visits;
  • Female subjects of child bearing potential and male subjects whose partner is of child bearing potential, unless willing to ensure that they or their partner use two effective forms of contraception e.g, oral contraception, double barrier or intra-uterine device (IUD), during the study and for three months thereafter (however a male condom should not be used in conjunction with a female condom);
  • Female subject who is pregnant, lactating or planning pregnancy during the course of the study and for three months thereafter;
  • Subjects who have donated or lost more than 450 mL of blood in the 60 days prior to screening or are unwilling to abstain from donation of blood during the study;
  • Subject has previously been randomised into this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02240160


Sponsors and Collaborators
GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: James Ritter, DPhil, FRCP, FMedSci Quintiles Drug Research Unit at Guy's Hospital, Quintiles Ltd, 6 Newcomen Street, London SE1 1YR, United Kingdom

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Responsible Party: GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02240160     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GWCP10116
2013-004459-19 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 15, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 11, 2016
Last Verified: August 2016

Keywords provided by GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.:
Sativex
Pharmacokinetics
Oral pH

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Nabiximols
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs