Brief Skills Training Intervention for Suicidal Individuals
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02236325|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 10, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2014
A significant percentage of individuals who die by suicide do not seek mental health services in the time preceding their death. This population is underserved and it is unclear what barriers keep them from seeking treatment. In order to begin a line of research aimed at addressing this high-risk population, this proposal rests on the hypothesis that suicidal individuals who do not seek treatment prior to attempting suicide experience the same psychopathological difficulties as suicidal individuals who do seek treatment - namely, severe emotion dysregulation. However, these non-treatment-seeker s will likely require more creative recruitment strategies and briefer interventions than treatment-seeking individuals. As such, this application proposes to use wide-reaching recruitment efforts throughout the community to locate and enroll individuals who are suicidal but not seeking treatment. Further, there is a paucity of empirical support for interventions targeting suicidal individuals. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is one of the few treatments that have been demonstrated to be effective with a suicidal population and is the only treatment whose effectiveness has been replicated. Previous research has suggested that an abbreviated version of the skills that are taught in DBT skills training have effectively reduced emotion dysregulation (i.e., depression and anxiety) in problem drinkers and the format of the proposed intervention is derived from this evidence-based emotion dysregulation intervention. As such, the proposed research is a randomized, controlled pilot trial of a very brief, one-time, skills-based intervention targeting difficulties in emotion regulation and distress tolerance.
This research aims to evaluate the safety of the intervention, the feasibility of the research methods (including the appropriateness of the relaxation training control condition), and to preliminarily estimate the immediate (one week) and long-term (one and three month) changes resulting from the DBT Brief Skills Intervention (DBT-BSI) relative to a relaxation training control on the primary outcomes of suicide ideation and emotion dysregulation as well as a number of secondary outcomes. These results will inform the design of a subsequent full-scale randomized controlled trial of the DBT-BSI.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Suicide||Behavioral: DBT Brief Suicide Intervention Behavioral: Relaxation Training||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||93 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Brief Skills Training Intervention for Suicidal Individuals|
|Study Start Date :||January 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||April 2014|
|Experimental: DBT Brief Suicide Intervention||
Behavioral: DBT Brief Suicide Intervention
Participants assigned to the DBT Brief Suicide Intervention are presented with a selection of coping strategies selected from the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills training curriculum. The strategies are 1) mindfulness, 2) mindfulness of current emotions, 3) opposite-to-emotion action, 4) distraction, and 5) changing your body chemistry.
|Active Comparator: Relaxation Training||
Behavioral: Relaxation Training
Participants assigned to the Relaxation Training condition receive instruction in a sensory awareness practice and are guided through the practice by the therapist.
- Scale for Suicidal Ideation [ Time Frame: 12-weeks of follow-up ]
- Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale [ Time Frame: 12-weeks of follow-up ]
- DBT Ways of Coping Scale [ Time Frame: 12-weeks of follow-up ]
- Patient Health Questionnaire - Depression Module [ Time Frame: 12-weeks of follow-up ]
- Beck Anxiety Inventory [ Time Frame: 12-weeks of follow-up ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02236325
|Principal Investigator:||Erin Ward-Ciesielski, M.S.||University of Washington|