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Trial record 44 of 44 for:    CSF | "Hydrocephalus"

People Presenting With Neurocysticercosis in North America

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02233855
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : September 9, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is caused by tapeworms that infect people. NCC can lead to serious brain problems such as seizures, sevre headaches and difficulties with movements or sensation in the limbs. Researchers want to learn more about the different ways in which people in the United States present with this disease and how they respond to standard and newer treatments.

Objective:

- To learn about the different forms of NCC that occurs throughout North America and how patients with these forms respond to treatment.

Eligibility:

- Adults age 18 or older with NCC.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with:
  • Medical history and physical exam.
  • A computed tomography (CT) brain scan The participant will lie still on a table that slides into a large donut-shaped scanner.
  • Blood drawn through an arm vein for analysis
  • A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain and spine. They will lay flat in a long metal cylinder as the machine makes images of the body. During the scan, participants will receive a contrast agent through an IV that allows high resolution imaging of the brain and spine
  • Participants will visit the clinic at 0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months (7 times), and depending on the need for monitoring, more times. Participants will receive a schedule that will explain the procedures done at each visit.
  • At these visits, participants may:
  • Repeat the screening procedures.
  • Be asked about their NCC symptoms and their physical and mental health.
  • Have a urine test.
  • Take a test of their ability to concentrate, their memory and spatial recognition.
  • Have a lumbar puncture, if indicated by the state and severity of infection. A needle will be inserted through the skin and into the space between the bones in the back. Cerebrospinal fluid will be removed.

Condition or disease
Neurocysticercosis

Detailed Description:

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common helminthic CNS infection and the main cause of adult-onset seizures in low-to-middle income countries. Studies have documented significant endemicity in Latin America, Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, India and other parts of the world. The prevalence of NCC in North America is rising as a result of increased migration of people with the disease and, occasionally, immigration of individuals with asymptomatic tapeworms. Despite the gains in knowledge and understanding of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment, clinical care continues to be hampered by unanswered fundamental questions related to optimal diagnosis, staging, treatment, and follow-up of patients with NCC.

This multi-center, natural history study seeks to characterize: the frequency of the various forms of NCC in North American populations; the spectrum of treatment and management strategies across the North American Cysticercosis Consortium; and the response to therapy by evaluating a number of endpoints related to disease evolution and treatment, such as burden of disease, cognitive changes, radiographic changes, and treatment complications. This study will inform future research studies needed to eventually establish standardized management protocols for each form of this complex infection.

Subjects will have visits at screening, baseline, 1, 2 (optional), 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Evaluations will include assessment of clinical status, antigen assays, radiographic imaging, functional assessments, immunologic evaluations, cognitive assessments, and quality of life measures. Additional clinically indicated visits may be scheduled as needed. This study does not provide any interventional therapies but will collect data on the course of treatment. Diagnostic examinations, consultations and medical treatment will be determined by the study clinician. Any samples removed for medical indications related to NCC may be evaluated for research purposes.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: NACC 002: A Multicenter Prospective Natural History Study of Patients Presenting With Neurocysticercosis in North America
Study Start Date : September 3, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 13, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : June 13, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The heterogeneity and complexity of the different forms of NCC will make it necessary to use different endpoints in analyzing the data collected from patients with each subtype of NCC. The endpoints listed here will be tailored and applied to th... [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To characterize the spectrum of diagnostic and treatment approaches across sites, including type and length of anthelmintic, anti-inflammatories, and anticonvulsants [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  2. To determine exposure risks and estimate time to clinical symptomatic disease (incubation time) for each form of NCC [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  3. For each form of NCC, to assess patient outcomes relative to: a) duration and type of anthelmintic therapy; b) duration and type of immunosuppressive therapy; and c) anticonvulsant therapy [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  4. To correlate clinical features with radiographic findings at presentation, during treatment and follow-up for each form of NCC [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  5. Determine proportion of patients with clinical and radiographic success 1 and 2 years after initiation of therapy. Definition of radiographic success will vary by form of NCC, but be based upon improvement followed by radiologic stability or slo... [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  6. To enumerate complications associated with NCC or treatment type for each form of NCC [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  7. To characterize and correlate the clinical features, radiographic findings, antigen presence and levels, and antibody responses for NCC with perilesional edema [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  8. To assess diagnostic parameters of serology and antigen detection assays in North American patients [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  9. To correlate antigen levels in serum and CSF with burden of disease and recurrence of disease in subjects with NCC [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]
  10. To characterize cognitive function at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months as assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) test [ Time Frame: Throughout the course of the study. ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Adults greater than or equal to18 years of age.
    2. Subject, or Subject s Legally Authorized Representative (LAR)/ Durable Power of Attorney (DPA), is able to provide informed consent and agree to allow samples to be stored for future research.
    3. Previously or currently diagnosed with definitive or probable NCC by a practitioner at NACC in accordance with the Del Brutto criteria modified for use in a North American populations.

For the purpose of this study, definitive and probable diagnostic certainty based on presence of criteria below.

Definitive diagnosis

  1. Presence of 1 absolute criterion
  2. Presence of 2 major + 1 minor + 1 epidemiological criterion

Probable diagnosis Presence of 1 major + 2 minor criterion

  1. Presence of 1 major + 1 minor + 1 epidemiological criterion
  2. Presence of characteristic calcification(s)

Del Brutto Diagnostic criteria

  1. Absolute criteria

    1. Biopsy of a brain or spinal cord lesion
    2. Cystic lesion with scolex on CT or MRI
    3. Fundoscopic examination (subretinal parasites)
  2. Major criteria

    1. Highly suggestive lesions on neuroimaging
    2. Positive serum enzyme-linked immunotransfer blot (EITB) assay
    3. Resolution of intracranial cysts after therapy
    4. Spontaneous resolution of small single enhancing lesions
  3. Minor criteria

    1. Compatible lesions on neuroimaging
    2. Clinical manifestations suggestive for NCC (eg, headaches, seizures, neurological symptoms)
    3. Positive CSF ELISA for specific Ag/Ab
    4. Cysts outside CNS
  4. Epidemiological criteria

    1. Evidence of household contact with T. solium
    2. Individuals coming from/living in endemic areas
    3. History of frequent travel to endemic areas
  5. Single or multiple characteristic calcifications in subjects who meet epidemiologic criteria (4) without another identifiable etiology will be considered NCC in the case of calcified granulomas

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

1. Subjects that in the opinion of the investigator have contraindications for participation in the study will be excluded, such as patients with current substance abuse or patients currently undergoing cancer chemotherapy.

Justification for Exclusion or Inclusion of Special Populations

Children

Children are eligible to participate in this clinical trial but will not be enrolled at the NIH because the NIH investigators do not see nor specialize in pediatric populations. In addition, NCC in the U.S. generally afflicts travelers and immigrants and is therefore exceedingly rare in pediatric populations in the U.S.

Adults Unable To Provide Consent-

Patients will be offered standard of care treatment delivered irrespective of cognitive status, including lumbar punctures that are used clinical management decisions as determined by the site PI. Exclusion of patients unable to provide consent because of cognitive impairment would limit the study population significantly, and potentially compromise the generalizability of results from this observational study. In cases where cognitive function precludes informed consent we will seek consent from the designated legal guardian.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02233855


Locations
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United States, California
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
United States, Washington
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Siddhartha Mahanty, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02233855     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 140191
14-I-0191
First Posted: September 9, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2018
Last Verified: June 13, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Seizures
Cestode
Hydrocephalus
Taenia Solium
Helminth

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neurocysticercosis
Cysticercosis
Taeniasis
Central Nervous System Helminthiasis
Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Cestode Infections
Helminthiasis
Central Nervous System Infections
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases