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CPI-613 and Fluorouracil in Treating Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02232152
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 5, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2021
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:
This pilot phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of CPI-613 when given together with fluorouracil in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and cannot be removed by surgery. CPI-613 may kill tumor cells by turning off their mitochondria. Mitochondria are used by tumor cells to produce energy and are the building blocks needed to make more tumor cells. By shutting off these mitochondria, CPI-613 deprives the tumor cells of energy and other supplies that they need to survive and grow in the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving CPI-613 with fluorouracil may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum Recurrent Colon Cancer Recurrent Rectal Cancer Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum Stage IIIA Colon Cancer Stage IIIA Rectal Cancer Stage IIIB Colon Cancer Stage IIIB Rectal Cancer Stage IIIC Colon Cancer Stage IIIC Rectal Cancer Stage IVA Colon Cancer Stage IVA Rectal Cancer Stage IVB Colon Cancer Stage IVB Rectal Cancer Drug: 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid Drug: fluorouracil Other: pharmacological study Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of CPI-613 (6,8-bis[benzylthio]octanoic acid), when used in combination with 5-FU (fluorouracil), in patients with non-resectable metastatic colorectal cancer who have failed FOLFOX (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil and oxaliplatin), FOLFIRI (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan hydrochloride) and, if Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) wild type, then a epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor-based regimen.


I. To assess the pharmacokinetic (PK), safety and efficacy of various doses of CPI-613, when used in combination with 5-FU, in patients with non-resectable metastatic colorectal cancer.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid.

Patients receive 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on days 1-4 and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on days 2-4. Courses repeat every 2 weeks for 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months for 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Clinical Trial of Fluorouracil (5-FU) + CPI-613 Combination in Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients
Actual Study Start Date : January 6, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 19, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid, fluorouracil)
Patients receive 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid IV over 2 hours on days 1-4 and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on days 2-4. Courses repeat every 2 weeks for 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid
Given IV
Other Names:
  • alpha-lipoic acid analogue CPI-613
  • CPI-613

Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU

Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD of 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid in combination with fluorouracil based on the incidence of dose-limiting toxicities graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of toxicity of 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid and fluorouracil combination graded according to NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Examine toxicities by assessing each toxicity by grade.

  2. PK parameters (maximum observed concentration, area under the curve, half-life, elimination rate constant, drug clearance, and volume of distribution) of 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid in plasma samples [ Time Frame: Week 1: days 1 and 4 before infusion of 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid and at 30 minutes, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6 and 8 (optional) hours after the completion of infusion ]
  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Time from the first dose of 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid to disease progression, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Plot a PFS curve using Kaplan-Meier methods, examine median PFS.

  4. Overall response rate (ORR) (i.e., sum of complete response [CR] and partial response [PR]) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Assess ORR and its 95% confidence interval.

  5. Disease control rate (DCR) (i.e., sum of CR, PR, and stable disease) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Assess DCR and its 95% confidence interval.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically and cytologically confirmed metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma (colon, rectal or colorectal cancer) that is not resectable
  • Have failed or have not tolerated FOLFOX, FOLFIRI and, if KRAS wild type, then a EGFR inhibitor-based regimen
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status being 0-2
  • Women of child-bearing potential (i.e., women who are pre-menopausal or not surgically sterile) must use accepted contraceptive methods (abstinence, intrauterine device [IUD], oral contraceptive or double barrier device) during the study, and must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 1 week prior to treatment initiation
  • Fertile men must practice effective contraceptive methods during the study, unless documentation of infertility exists
  • At least 2 weeks must have elapsed from any prior surgery
  • Granulocyte count >= 1500/mm^3
  • White blood cell (WBC) >= 3500 cells/mm^3 or >= 3.5 bil/L
  • Platelet count >= 100,000 cells/mm^3 or >= 100 bil/L
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500 cells/mm^3 or >= 1.5 bil/L
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 90 g/L
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 3 x upper normal limit (UNL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x UNL (=< 5 x UNL if liver metastases present)
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 x UNL
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL or 13 umol/L
  • International normalized ratio or INR must be =< 1.5 unless on therapeutic blood thinners
  • No evidence of active infection and no serious infection within the past month
  • Mentally competent, ability to understand and willingness to sign the informed consent form
  • At least one measurable lesion as assessed by computed tomography (CT) scan using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Therapy with CPI-613 prior to participating in this trial
  • Known hypersensitivity to 5-FU injection, poor nutritional state, known dipyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency, or taking sorivudine (such as Usevir, brovavir, etc.)
  • History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of any component of treatment
  • Previous radiotherapy for central nervous system metastases
  • Patients receiving any other standard or investigational treatment for their cancer, or any other investigational agent for any indication, within the past 2 weeks prior to initiation of treatment with study drugs
  • Serious medical illness that would potentially increase patients' risk for toxicity
  • Any active uncontrolled bleeding, and any patients with a bleeding diathesis (e.g., active peptic ulcer disease)
  • History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation =< 6 months prior to treatment with study drugs
  • Pregnant women, or women of child-bearing potential not using reliable means of contraception
  • Lactating females
  • Fertile men unwilling to practice contraceptive methods during the study period
  • Any condition or abnormality which may, in the opinion of the investigator, compromise the safety of patients
  • Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements
  • Symptomatic heart disease including but not limited to symptomatic congestive heart failure, symptomatic coronary artery disease, symptomatic angina pectoris, symptomatic myocardial infarction or symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • Patients with a history of myocardial infarction that is < 3 months prior to registration
  • Evidence of active infection, or serious infection within the past month
  • Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • Patients who have received cancer immunotherapy of any type within the past 2 weeks prior to initiation of CPI-613 treatment; steroid use for management of refractory pain or for contrast induced allergy is allowed
  • Requirement for immediate palliative treatment of any kind including surgery
  • Any condition or abnormality which may, in the opinion of the investigator, compromise the safety of the patient

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02232152

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United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Caio Rocha Lima, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences
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Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier: NCT02232152    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00028139
NCI-2014-01779 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CCCWFU #59314 ( Other Identifier: Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University )
P30CA012197 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 5, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rectal Neoplasms
Colonic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
Thioctic Acid
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs