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Study of Acute Peripheral Vascular Effects, Safety and Tolerability in Subjects With Raynaud's Phenomenon Secondary to Systemic Sclerosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02228850
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 29, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NexMed (U.S.A.), Inc. (subsidiary of Apricus Biosciences, Inc.)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate pharmacodynamics (PD) in adult subjects with a diagnosis of Raynaud's Phenomenon secondary to Systemic Sclerosis (SSc).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Raynaud's Phenomenon Secondary to Systemic Sclerosis Drug: Alprostadil Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacodynamic (PD) effects of topical Alprostadil on digital perfusion by laser Doppler capillary velocimetry and digital temperature recovery with thermography following standardized cold challenge and to assess the safety and tolerability of 3 doses of Alprostadil topical cream and placebo cream in adult subjects with a diagnosis of Raynaud's Phenomenon secondary to Systemic Sclerosis (SSc).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Phase 2a Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial of the Acute Peripheral Vascular Effects, Safety and Tolerability of Alprostadil Topical Cream in Subjects With Raynaud's Phenomenon Secondary to Systemic Sclerosis (SSc, Scleroderma)
Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alprostadil Cream (300mcg)
300 micrograms/.42% Alprostadil Cream with 2.5% Dodecyl-2-N,N-dimethylaminopropionate hydrochloride (DDAIP-HCl) and Placebo, one dispenser for each administration
Drug: Alprostadil
Other: Placebo
Experimental: Alprostadil Cream (1000mcg)
1000 micrograms/.42% Alprostadil Cream with 2.5% Dodecyl-2-N,N-dimethylaminopropionate hydrochloride (DDAIP-HCl) and Placebo, one dispenser for each administration
Drug: Alprostadil
Other: Placebo
Experimental: Alprostadil Cream (3000mcg)
3000 micrograms/.42% Alprostadil Cream with 2.5% Dodecyl-2-N,N-dimethylaminopropionate hydrochloride (DDAIP-HCl) and Placebo, two dispensers for each administration
Drug: Alprostadil
Other: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacodynamic evaluation: digital perfusion by laser Doppler capillary velocimetry and on digital temperature recovery with thermography. [ Time Frame: two hours (intermittently) after cold-challenge and post-dose ]
  2. Safety assessments based on review of adverse events, vital sign measurements, electrocardiograms, physical examinations, and clinical laboratory tests. [ Time Frame: One month ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a diagnosis of SSc by current ACR/EULAR Classification Criteria;
  • Evidence of ongoing activity of Raynaud's Phenomenon as measured by a Raynaud Condition Score of 3 or greater at Screening;
  • All females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test;

    a. Females of childbearing potential must abstain from sexual activity that could result in pregnancy, or agree to use an acceptable method of contraception throughout the study period and for 30 days following dosing of the investigational study drug. Acceptable contraception includes:

    1. Intrauterine devices
    2. Double barrier methods (e.g. condom or diaphragms with spermicidal gel or foam)
    3. Condom use is advised for all forms of contraception
  • Must be willing and able to discontinue ongoing therapy for RP for at least 72 hours prior to each application of study medication; such drugs include calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, short-acting PDE-5i (sildenafil, vardenafil, avanafil), sympatholytics and topical or systemic nitrates;
  • Must be willing and able to discontinue consumption of caffeine-containing products (e.g., beverages and over-the-counter (OTC) medications) for at least 24 hours prior to each day of study dosing;
  • Must be willing and able to remove jewelry from the treated hand prior to each day of study dosing;
  • Must be willing to remove nail polish and/or nail coverings from the treated hand prior to each day of study dosing;
  • Must not donate blood during the study;
  • Have adequate finger extension to permit application of study treatments and attachment of physiologic measuring instruments.
  • Must be willing to comply with all study procedures and study visits;
  • Must provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • BMI less than 18.5;
  • Clinically significant medical abnormality or history or presence of significant neurological, hepatic, renal, endocrine, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, pulmonary, psychiatric and/or metabolic condition as determined by the Investigator);
  • Clinical diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis in association with other rheumatologic diseases including Mixed Connective Tissue Disease;
  • Clinically significant abnormal laboratory test results at screening as determined by the Investigator;
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon thought to be of non-systemic sclerosis etiology;
  • Peripheral or central vasculopathy other than Systemic Sclerosis;
  • History of Scleroderma renal crisis or currently being treated for hypertension, however, subjects with controlled hypertension will not be excluded;
  • Active digital ulcers or rash on hand intended for study medication;
  • History in the past (5) five years of autonomic neuropathy or postural hypotension;
  • Upper extremity sympathectomy at any level in the 12 months prior to study;
  • Tobacco smoking within six months of screening or unwillingness to avoid smoking throughout the study (e.g., cigarette, pipe, cigar, e-cigarettes) and the use of nicotine-containing products;
  • Systolic Blood pressure less than 85mm/Hg;
  • Prostanoid use by any route of administration within the previous six months;
  • Current use of systemic or topical nitrates, endothelin receptor antagonists (e.g., bosentan) or any long-acting PDE-5 Inhibitors (e.g. tadalafil);
  • Use of topical corticosteroid to the hand or fingers within 10 days of screening;
  • Current use of ergot preparations, methysergide, B-adrenergic antagonists, contraceptives containing female steroid hormones, cyclosporine, clonidine, nicotine and cocaine;
  • Pregnant or lactating female;
  • Has known exaggerated pharmacological sensitivity or hypersensitivity to any drug similar to Alprostadil or its excipients;
  • Has known hypersensitivity to nitrile;
  • Involvement in any investigational drug or device study within 30 days prior to screening;
  • History of non-compliance with treatment or clinic visit attendance.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02228850


Locations
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United States, California
Diagnamics, Inc.
Encinitas, California, United States, 92024
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Scleroderma Program - Division of Rheumatology/Dept. of Internal Medicine
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Pennsylvania
Scleroderma Research Center - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15261
Sponsors and Collaborators
NexMed (U.S.A.), Inc. (subsidiary of Apricus Biosciences, Inc.)
Investigators
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Study Director: Barbara Troupin, MD, MBA NEXMED (U.S.A.), Inc.

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Responsible Party: NexMed (U.S.A.), Inc. (subsidiary of Apricus Biosciences, Inc.)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02228850     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NexMed 2014-RPS-001
First Posted: August 29, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016

Keywords provided by NexMed (U.S.A.), Inc. (subsidiary of Apricus Biosciences, Inc.):
Secondary Raynaud's Phenomenon
Secondary Raynaud's Disease
Scleroderma
Raynaud's Disease secondary to systemic sclerosis
CREST
Apricus Biosciences
laser doppler
thermography

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sclerosis
Neoplasm Metastasis
Scleroderma, Systemic
Scleroderma, Diffuse
Raynaud Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplastic Processes
Neoplasms
Connective Tissue Diseases
Skin Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Alprostadil
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Vasodilator Agents
Urological Agents