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Oral Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors, AZD3759 or AZD9291, in Patients Who Have Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (BLOOM)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02228369
First Posted: August 29, 2014
Last Update Posted: December 13, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca
  Purpose
This is the first time in patient study to assess the safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of AZD3759 in patients with advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) In this study, patients with Leptomeningeal Metastasis and Brain Metastasis may also be enrolled to assess the anti-tumour efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics and potential biological activity of AZD9291

Condition Intervention Phase
EGFR Mutation Positive Advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: AZD3759 Drug: AZD9291 Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I, Open-label, Multicentre Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Anti-Tumour Activity of AZD3759 or AZD9291 in Patients With EGFR Mutation Positive Advanced Stage Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by AstraZeneca:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and Tolerability (The number of patients with each AE by system organ class, preferred term and CTCAE grade) [ Time Frame: From Informed consent until the end of the follow-up period which is defined as 28 days (+7 days) after study treatment is discontinued. ]
    Adverse events will be collected from Informed consent until the end of the follow-up period which is defined as 28 days (+7 days) after study treatment is discontinued.Physical exam (screening, single dosing day, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle of multiple dosing and treatment discontinuation). ECG and vital signs (screening, Day 1 and 2 of Cycle 0 for AZD3759 cohorts, Day 8 of Cycle 1 for AZD3759 cohorts, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle, treatment discontinuation, and if occurrence of any cardiac adverse event). Lab variables (screening, first dosing day, Day 1, 8 and 15 of multiple dosing, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle and treatment discontinuation). Eye exam (at screening and study drug discontinuation and upon occurrence of any visual AE). Echocardiogram or multigated radionuclide angiography (at screening,whenever necessary as clinically indicated throughout the study for AZD3759 cohorts.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Plasma concentration of AZD3759 and metabolite and pharmacokinetics parameters after single dose of AZD3759(Cmax, tmax, terminal rate constant, half life, AUC, clearance, volume of distribution, mean residence time) [ Time Frame: Cycle 0 Day 1 to 3 in Part A patients. ]

    The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in plasma samples will be analyzed: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, hour in Day 1; 24hour in Day 2 and 48hour in Day 3.

    AUC: Area Under Curve


  • Plasma,urine,cerebrospinal fluid concentration of AZD3759 and metabolite and pharmacokinetics parameters after multiple dosing(Cmax,ss, tmax,ss, Cmin,ss, AUCss, CLss/F). [ Time Frame: Blood samples: Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in all patients. Urine samples: 0-12h at Cycle 1 Day 8 in Part A. CSF samples: pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 in BM; Pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in LM ]
    The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in plasma samples from all patients will be analyzed: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12hour on Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 . The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in urine samples from Part A patients will be analyzed: 0-12h at Cycle 1 Day 8. The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in cerebrospinal fluid samples will be analyzed: pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 in brain metastasis patients; pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in leptomeningeal metastasis patients. AUCss: Area Under Curve Steady State CLss: Clearance Steady State

  • Plasma,urine, cerebrospinal fluid concentration of AZD3759 and metabolite and pharmacokinetics parameters after multiple dosing (extent of accumulation, renal clearance, time dependency of pharmacokinetics and amount of drug excreted) [ Time Frame: Blood samples: Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in all patients. Urine samples: 0-12h at Cycle 1 Day 8 in Part A patients. CSF samples: pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in Part B patients . ]
    The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in plasma samples from all patients will be analyzed: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12hour on Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1. The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in urine samples from Part A patients will be analyzed: 0-12h at Cycle 1 Day 8. The parent drug and N-demethylated metabolite in cerebrospinal fluid samples will be analyzed: pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 in brain metastasis patients; pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in leptomeningeal metastasis patients.

  • Plasma, cerebrospinal fluid concentration of AZD9291 and metabolite and pharmacokinetics parameters after multiple dose of AZD9291(Cmax,ss, tmax,ss, Cmin,ss, AUCss, CLss/F). [ Time Frame: Blood samples: Cycle 1 Day 1, 8, 15 and Cycle 2 Day 1. Cerebrospinal fluid samples: pre-dose of Cycle 2 Day 1 and pre-dose of Cycle 3 Day 1. ]
    The parent drug and metabolites in plasma samples from all patients treated with AZD9291 will be analyzed: pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 1, 8, 15; pre-dose, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24hour on Cycle 2 Day 1. The parent drug and metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid samples will be analyzed: pre-dose of Cycle 2 Day 1 in brain metastasis patients; pre-dose of Cycle 2 Day 1 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in leptomeningeal metastasis patients . AUCss: Area Under Curve Steady State CLss: Clearance Steady State

  • Plasma, cerebrospinal fluid concentration of AZD9291 and metabolites and pharmacokinetics parameters after multiple dosing (extent of accumulation, renal clearance, time dependency of pharmacokinetics and amount of drug excreted) [ Time Frame: Blood samples: Cycle 1 Day 1, 8, 15 and Cycle 2 Day 1. Cerebrospinal fluid samples: pre-dose of Cycle 2 Day 1 and pre-dose of Cycle 3 Day 1. ]
    The parent drug and metabolites in plasma samples from all patients treated with AZD9291 will be analyzed: pre-dose of Cycle 1 Day 1, 8, 15; pre-dose, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24hour on Cycle 2 Day 1. The parent drug and metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid samples will be analyzed: pre-dose of Cycle 2 Day 1 in brain metastasis patients; pre-dose of Cycle 2 Day 1 and Cycle 3 Day 1 in leptomeningeal metastasis patients . AUCss: Area Under Curve Steady State CLss: Clearance Steady State

  • Overall survival follow up for all expansion patients [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks after the 28- day safety follow-up visit ]
    After 28-day follow-up visit, patients will be followed for overall survival via telephone every 6 weeks until death, lost to follow-up or consent withdrawal

  • 4b-hydroxy cholesterol in Part B patients with BM [ Time Frame: pre-dose of Cycle 0 Day 1 and Cycle 1 Day 15 ]
    Blood collection at pre-dose of Cycle 0 Day 1 and Cycle 1 Day 15 to evaluate if AZD3759 affects 4b-hydroxy cholesterol which is an endogenous marker of CYP enzyme induction

  • The effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of AZD3759 in plasma [ Time Frame: Cycle 0 Day 1 to Day 4 in Part B patients with BM ]
    Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 hour of Cycle 0 Day 1and Day 4; 24 hour of Cycle 0 Day 2 and Day 4.A Mixed Effects model with treatment (fed/fasted) and period as fixed effects and patient as a random effect will be used to compare AUC/Cmax in the fed state with AUC/Cmax in the fasted state.

  • Cerebrospinal fluid response rate for patients with LM and/or BM [ Time Frame: Screening and every 6 weeks (relative to first dose of multiple dosing) until progression, expected average 6 months ]
    Cerebrospinal fluid collection at screening and every 6 weeks until progression to evaluate the cerebrospinal fluid response rate which is defined as the percentage of leptomeningeal metastasis patients who have at least one cerebrospinal fluid response (100% clearance of tumour cells from cerebrospinal

  • Changes from baseline in central nervous system symptoms (analyzed from QLQ-BN20) in patients with LM treated with AZD3759 /AZD9291 [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle and treatment discontinuation, expected average 6 months. ]
    Quality of life questionnaire-Brain Cancer 20 questionnaire completed by patients at screening, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle and treatment discontinuation. Use relevant symptom questions to evaluate improvement of central nervous system symptoms.

  • Changes from baseline in neurological exam in patients with LM treated with AZD3759 /AZD9291 [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle and treatment discontinuation, expected average 6 months. ]
    Neurological exam will be performed: screening, single dosing day, Day 1 of every 3-week cycle of multiple dosing and treatment discontinuation

  • Measurement of Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Screening within 28days of treatments start and then every 6 weeks ± 1week(relative to first dose of multiple dosing) until objective disease progression or withdrawal from study,expected average 6 months. ]
    ORR assessed through the number of patients who achieve a disease response (i.e. complete response or partial response) assessed according to modified RECIST 1.1 criteria for central nervous system disease, extracranial disease and overall disease

  • Measurement of Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Screening within 28days of treatments start and then every 6 weeks ± 1week(relative to first dose of multiple dosing) until objective disease progression or withdrawal from study,expected average 6 months. ]
    DCR assessed through the number of patients who achieve a best response of confirmed CR, confirmed PR or responding, or stable disease according to modified RECIST 1.1 criteria for central nervous system disease, extracranial disease, leptomeningeal disease and overall disease

  • Measurement of Response Rate (RR) [ Time Frame: Screening within 28days of treatments start and then every 6 weeks ± 1week(relative to first dose of multiple dosing) until objective disease progression or withdrawal from study,expected average 6 months. ]
    RR assessed through the number of patients who have at least one confirmed response of Complete Response or Responding prior to any evidence of progression according to modified RECIST 1.1 criteria for leptomeningeal disease

  • Measurement of Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Screening within 28days of treatments start and then every 6 weeks ± 1week(relative to first dose of multiple dosing) until objective disease progression or withdrawal from study,expected average 6 months. ]
    PFS assessed through change in tumour size (as well as assessment of non-target lesions and appearance of any new lesions) according to modified RECIST 1.1 criteria for Part B patients with brain metastasis and patients with leptomeningeal metastasis

  • Best Leptomeningeal Metastasis (LM) assessment for AZD9291 LM patients [ Time Frame: Screening within 28days ]
    Best LM assessment via LANO criteria through the number of patients with LM present at baseline, without a requirement for confirmation. LANO assessments will be mapped to RECIST-like scores and performed via central imaging reading.


Enrollment: 108
Actual Study Start Date: November 5, 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 3, 2018
Primary Completion Date: August 19, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Daily dose of AZD3759
Daily oral dose of AZD3759
Drug: AZD3759
Starting dose 50 mg, administered twice daily. If tolerated subsequent cohorts will test increasing doses of AZD3759, until a maximum tolerated dose or an effective dose is defined
Experimental: Daily Dose of AZD9291
Daily oral dose of AZD9291
Drug: AZD9291
AZD9291 160mg once daily

Detailed Description:
A Phase I, Open-Label, Multicentre Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Anti-Tumour Activity of AZD3759 or AZD9291 in Patients with EGFR Mutation Positive Advanced Stage Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) who failed standard treatment and developed brain or leptomeningeal diseases
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Obtained written informed consent
  2. Male or female aged at least 18 years. Aged at least 20 if Japanese.
  3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of NSCLC with single activating EGFR mutations (L858R or Exon19Del).
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to1. For LM patients, 0 to 2 is acceptable.
  5. In Part A, prior treatment with at least one line of a single agent EGFR TKI and at least 1 line of chemotherapy.
  6. In Part B-BM expansion, patients must have not received any EGFR TKI and have asymptomatic brain metastasis, either found during screening process which does not require local treatment in the opinion of the investigator or local treatment has been given (surgery or radiation), patient must be stable without corticosteroid and/or anti-convulsants treatment for at least 2 weeks before study enrollment. For Part B-LM expansion, patients who received previous EGFR TKI treatment must have stable extracranial disease;EGFR TKI treatment naïve patients can also be enrolled into AZD9291 cohorts, or AZD3759 cohorts if efficacy signal seen in Part A and agreed by Safety Review Committee.
  7. For patients with neither LM nor measurable BM: At least one measurable extracranial lesion. For patients with measurable BM but without LM: at least one measurable intracranial lesion
  8. For patients with LM: Confirmed diagnosis of LM by positive CSF cytology.
  9. Male patients should be willing to use barrier contraception, i.e., condoms, until 3 months after last study drug is taken.
  10. Females should agree to use adequate contraceptive measures, should not be breast feeding and must have a negative pregnancy test prior to start of dosing if of child-bearing potential or must have evidence of non-child-bearing potential
  11. In Part B-AZD9291 LM expansion (sub-cohort of T790M+ LM patients), patients must have central confirmation of T790M+ mutation status from a sample taken after documented progression on the last treatment administered prior to enrolling in the study. Patients must have received prior therapy with an EGFR TKI and may also have received additional lines of treatment. Stable extracranial disease is not required.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. For patients with LM and/or BM, CNS complications that require urgent neurosurgical intervention
  2. For patient with LM, inability to undergo collection of CSF
  3. Treatment with an EGFR TKI (e.g., erlotinib or gefitinib) within 8 days or approximately 5 x half-life, whichever is the longer, of the first dose of study treatment.
  4. Any cytotoxic chemotherapy,or other anticancer drugs for the treatment of advanced NSCLC from a previous treatment regimen within 14 days of the first dose of study treatment
  5. Radiotherapy with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks or radiotherapy with a limited field of radiation for palliation within 1 week of the first dose of study treatment with the exception of patients receiving radiation to more than 30% of the bone marrow which must be completed within 4 weeks of the first dose of study treatment.
  6. Patients currently receiving (or unable to stop use at least 1 week prior to receiving the first dose of AZD3759/AZD9291) medications or herbal supplements known to be potent inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4/5 and potential inhibitors of cytochrome P450 2C8 (for patients to be enrolled into AZD9291 cohorts only).
  7. Past medical history of interstitial lung disease, drug-induced interstitial lung disease, radiation pneumonitis which required steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active interstitial lung disease.
  8. Known intracranial haemorrhage which is unrelated to tumour
  9. Refractory nausea and vomiting if not controlled by supportive therapy, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the formulated product or previous significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of AZD3759/AZD9291
  10. Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension and active bleeding diatheses
  11. Inadequate bone marrow reserve or organ function
  12. Clinically significant ECG abnormalities or any factors that increase the risk of corrected QT interval prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events
  13. Prior history of whole brain radiotherapy (only applicable for AZD3759 BM expansion)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02228369


Locations
United States, California
Research Site
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Research Site
Santa Monica, California, United States, 90404
Australia
Research Site
Camperdown, Australia, 2050
Research Site
Heidelberg, Australia, 3084
Korea, Republic of
Research Site
Seongnam-si, Korea, Republic of, 13620
Research Site
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 03080
Research Site
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 03722
Research Site
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 05505
Research Site
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 06351
Taiwan
Research Site
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
Investigators
Study Director: Pamela Yang, M.D. PhD Building 2, 199 Liangjing Road, Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park, Shanghai 201203, China
  More Information

Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02228369     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D6030C00001
First Submitted: August 20, 2014
First Posted: August 29, 2014
Last Update Posted: December 13, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer, EGFR, Tyrosine kinase inhibitor,EGFR mutation positive, Brain Metastasis, Leptomeningeal Metastasis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Osimertinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action