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Crizotinib in High-Risk Uveal Melanoma Following Definitive Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02223819
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Richard D. Carvajal, Columbia University

Brief Summary:
The study is designed to determine the 32 month rate of distant relapse in patients with uveal melanoma who are at high risk of recurrence following definitive therapy with surgery or radiation who receive adjuvant crizotinib; and secondarily, the overall survival and disease specific survival in this patient population.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Uveal Melanoma Drug: Crizotinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults, and arises from melanocytes within the choroid plexus of the eye. Melanomas of the ocular and adnexal structures comprise approximately 5% of all melanomas and are biologically and prognostically distinct from cutaneous melanoma. In the United States, an estimated 2000 patients are diagnosed with this disease each year.

The development of metastasis in this disease is common and occurs in approximately 50% of patients with posterior uveal melanoma within 15 years after the initial diagnosis and treatment. Uveal melanoma is thought to be particularly resistant to systemic treatment, and no systemic therapy has yet been demonstrated to improve survival. Drugs commonly used to treat advanced cutaneous melanoma rarely achieve durable responses in patients with uveal melanoma.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Adjuvant Crizotinib in High-Risk Uveal Melanoma Following Definitive Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : March 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Crizotinib
Subjects will receive 48 weeks (12 four-week cycles) of crizotinib 250 mg PO twice a day (BID). Subjects will be evaluated by routine bloodwork and physical exam every 4 weeks while they are receiving crizotinib and during follow up period.
Drug: Crizotinib

An anti-cancer drug acting as an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1) inhibitor, used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has spread to other parts of the body and is caused by a defect in a gene called ALK.

Crizotinib will be provided as capsules containing 200 or 250 mg of study medication for oral administration.

Other Name: Xalkori




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relapse Free Survival (RFS) rate [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    RFS rate will be defined as the percentage of patients who do not experience any new tumor growth at any site on the body distant from the primary site or death from any cause from the time of study entry to the end of the relevant timepoint.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) rate [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    OS will be defined as the time from treatment start to date of death or last followup and estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.

  2. Disease-Specific Survival (DSS) time [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    DSS is defined as the time from treatment start to death due to disease or last followup.

  3. Prevalence of treatment discontinuation due to toxicity [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Toxicity grading will be performed in accordance with NCI CTCAE, version 4.0.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primary diagnosis of uveal melanoma at least 12 mm in largest basal diameter as clinically determined by the treating investigator. Cytologic determination of diagnosis is not required. Size is based on clinical assessment (e.g. by ultrasound or direct ophthalmoscopy) prior to enucleation or radiation therapy.
  • Definitive therapy of the primary uveal melanoma must have been performed within 90 days of initiating protocol therapy.
  • High-risk (class 2) uveal melanoma as determined by gene expression profiling
  • No evidence of metastatic disease.
  • Age ≥18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 1 (Karnofsky ≥ 70%.
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months.
  • Able to swallow and retain orally-administered medication and does not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,000 cells/mm³
  • Platelet count >75,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin >9.0g/dL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <3x upper limited of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin <2x ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase <3x ULN
  • Serum creatinine <2x ULN or a creatinine clearance > 60mL/min
  • Note: Patients with hyperbilirubinemia clinically consistent with an inherited disorder of bilirubin metabolism (e.g., Gilbert syndrome) will be eligible at the discretion of the treating physician and/or the principal investigator.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation until 4 months after completion of crizotinib administration. Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study entry. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study therapy, and 4 months after completion of crizotinib administration.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of another malignancy except for those who have been disease-free for 3 years, or patients with a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer and/or patients with indolent secondary malignancies not requiring active therapy, are eligible. Consult the study Principal Investigator if unsure whether second malignancies meet the requirements specified above.
  • Any major surgery or extensive radiotherapy (except that which is required for definitive treatment of primary uveal melanoma), chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, biologic therapy, or immunotherapy within 21 days prior to initiation of study therapy.
  • History of prior crizotinib use.
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days (or five half-lives, whichever is shorter; with a minimum of 14 days from the last dose) preceding the first dose of study therapy and during the study.
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to crizotinib.
  • Concurrent administration of crizotinib and a strong inhibitor or inducer of CYP3A is not permitted. Many over-the-counter and dietary supplements also inhibit or induce CYP3A and thus are prohibited.
  • A QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula QTcB ≥ 480 msec.
  • Concurrent administration of crizotinib and agents that can cause QTc prolongation is not permitted.
  • Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (with the exception of chronic or cleared HBV and HCV infection, which will be allowed). HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with crizotinib. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02223819


Locations
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United States, Florida
Mount Sinai Comprehensive Cancer Center
Miami Beach, Florida, United States, 33140
United States, New York
Columbia Univeristy Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Ohio
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
Pfizer
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Richard Carvajal, MD Associate Professor of Medicine at the Columbia University Medical Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Richard D. Carvajal, Associate Professor of Medicine at the Columbia University Medical Center, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02223819     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAO8010
First Posted: August 22, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 8, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Richard D. Carvajal, Columbia University:
Crizotinib
14-063

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Nevi and Melanomas
Uveal Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Eye Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Eye Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Crizotinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action