Therapy for Progressive and/or Refractory Hematologic Malignancies
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02223312|
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Sponsor decision to discontinue study.)
First Posted : August 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 28, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Tumor Associated Peptide Antigen (TAPA) pulsed dendritic cell (DC) vaccines in the treatment of progressive and/or refractory hematologic malignancies (HM). We hypothesize that treatment of patients with relapsed and/or refractory HM, without available potentially curative treatment options, and whose neoplastic cells express at least one (1) TAPA of a defined panel of TAPAs, using low-dose cyclophosphamide (CYP) followed by an autologous, monocyte-derived, TAPA-pulsed DC vaccine and low-dose granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), will result in TAPA-specific T-cell responses without significant toxicities. We also hypothesize CD4+ T-cell and CD8+ T-cell responses generated against specific TAPAs may translate into clinical antitumor activity.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cancer Hematologic Malignancies||Biological: TAPA-pulsed DC vaccine||Phase 1 Phase 2|
Patients diagnosed with progressive and/or refractory hematologic malignancies, who have failed conventional therapy and have no potentially curative therapeutic options available, will be candidates for this Phase I/II study. Following confirmation of disease progression and/or refractoriness, eligible patients who agree to participate and sign a consent form will have their neoplastic cells and/or blood analyzed for the expression of a specific panel of Tumor Associated Peptide Antigens (TAPAs), including SP17, Ropporin, AKAP4, PTTG1 and Span-xb. Patients whose tumors express one (1) or more of these TAPAs will receive three (3) days of subcutaneous Granulocyte Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) to increase bone marrow production of monocytes and dendritic cell (DC) precursors, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells will be obtained by phlebotomy and/or leukapheresis for generation of autologous DCs. Patient's DCs will be generated at Kiromic's Cell Processing GMP facility, according to established Standard Operating Procedures, and activated by pulsing/loading them with the TAPA(s) relevant for each particular patient. Patients will receive five (5) days of low-dose cyclophosphamide prior to each vaccination with TAPA-pulsed DCs to decrease Treg activity. TAPA-pulsed DCs will be administered at a fixed dose of up to 1 x 107 DCs at least two (2) days following cyclophosphamide administration. DC vaccination schedule will be once every fourteen (14) days via subcutaneous (SC) and intradermal (ID) injections for a total of 6 vaccinations. Low dose GM-CSF will also be administered SC for five (5) consecutive days, starting three (3) to six (6) hours after each TAPA-pulsed DC treatment, to optimize immune response and DC viability in vivo. Patients will be followed on a weekly basis (or more frequently if required) to evaluate treatment-related toxicity. Immune responses and anti-tumor responses will be evaluated per protocol specifications. Continuation and stopping rules for the study will be defined based on toxicity/tolerability (Phase I) and/or immune efficacy (Phase II).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||0 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase I/II Study of Low-Dose Cyclophosphamide, Tumor Associated Peptide Antigen-Pulsed Dendritic Cell Therapy and Low Dose GM-CSF, in Patients With Progressive and/or Refractory Hematologic Malignancies|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 28, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 31, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 31, 2019|
Experimental: TAPA-pulsed DC vaccine
The subject will take low-dose cyclophosphamide by mouth for 5 days starting 7 days prior to the vaccine cycle. The vaccine contains 1 x 10^7 TAPA-pulsed dendritic cells and is administered SQ with low-dose GM-CSF following the low-dose cyclophosphamide cycle. A total of six (6) cycles of cyclophosphamide and six (6) DC vaccines cycles will be administered alternating every 14 days.
Biological: TAPA-pulsed DC vaccine
A cycle of low-dose cyclophosphamide (100mg/day) by mouth for 5 days starting seven 7 days prior to the DC vaccine cycle to reduce Treg activity. Low-dose cyclophosphamide will be taken every 14 days for six 6 cycles. A total of 6 vaccines containing 1 x 10^7 TAPA-pulsed DC will be administered SQ every 14 days. The DC vaccine is given on Day 1 of the DCV cycle plus low-dose GM-CSF 50mcg/day SQ x 5 days (Day 1 to Day 4). GM-CSF is administered for 5 days to increase monocyte production and dendritic cell precursors to optimize immune responses.
Primary Outcome Measures :
- Number of adverse events that occur due to toxicity of low-dose CYP followed by TAPA-pulsed DC therapy and low-dose GM-CSF administration [ Time Frame: Every 7 days ]
Secondary Outcome Measures :
- Immunological efficacy as indicated by T-cell cytokine levels [ Time Frame: up to 5 months ]
- Immunological efficacy as determined by a positive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin test [ Time Frame: up to 5 months ]DTH skin test will be performed 8-10 days before vaccine administration. DTH response will be evaluated again at days 28 and 70 of the trial as well as 14 and 60 days after the trial has ended.
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