Try the modernized beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working… Menu

Alisertib and Fulvestrant in Treating Patients With Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer That is Metastatic or Locally Advanced and Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02219789
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 19, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 3, 2018
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of alisertib when given together with fulvestrant in treating patients with hormone positive breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes and cannot be removed by surgery. Alisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Estrogen and progesterone are type of hormones made by the body and they can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by lowering the amount of estrogen or progesterone the body makes. Giving alisertib together with fulvestrant may be a better treatment for breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Estrogen Receptor Positive Progesterone Receptor Positive Recurrent Breast Carcinoma Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Stage IV Breast Cancer Drug: Alisertib Drug: Fulvestrant Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximally tolerated dose of alisertib in combination with fulvestrant.


I. To describe the safety and tolerability of alisertib in combination with fulvestrant.

II. To examine tumor response in postmenopausal women treated with alisertib in combination with fulvestrant.


I. To assess aurora A kinase expression in archived breast cancer tissue biospecimens of participants, and to describe levels in those who do or do not experience dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) or objective response.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of alisertib.

Patients receive fulvestrant intramuscularly (IM) on day 1 (days 1 and 15 of course 1 only) and alisertib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1 month.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial to Evaluate the Safety of the Addition of Alisertib to Fulvestrant in Women With Advanced Hormone Receptor Positive (HR+) Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : December 5, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 28, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 1, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Fulvestrant

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (alisertib, fulvestrant)
Patients receive fulvestrant IM on day 1 (days 1 and 15 of course 1 only) and alisertib PO BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Alisertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aurora A Kinase Inhibitor MLN8237
  • MLN-8237
  • MLN8237

Drug: Fulvestrant
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Faslodex
  • Faslodex(ICI 182,780)
  • ICI 182,780
  • ICI 182780
  • ZD9238

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of alisertib in combination with fulvestrant graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The MTD is defined as the highest dose level among those under consideration where at most 1 of 6 patients develops a dose limiting toxicity and 2 or more of the 3-6 patients treated at the next higher dose level develop a dose limiting toxicity. The maximum grade of each type of toxicity will be recorded for each patient. For each toxicity reported by dose level, the percentage of patients developing any degree of that toxicity as well as the percentage of patients developing a severe degree (grade 3 or higher) will be determined.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response (complete or partial response) using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month post-treatment ]
    The number of confirmed tumor response will be tabulated for each dose level.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Aurora A kinase (AURKA) expression levels [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The percentage of patients who develop a DLT among those who have high AURKA expressing breast cancer and those who do not will be tabulated. The progression free survival times of those who have high aurora A kinase expressing breast cancer and those who do not will be determined and visually compared and contrasted.

  2. Expression levels of ER-alpha, SMAD family member 5 (P~SMAD5), (sex determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX-2), E-cadherin, vimentin, cluster of differentiation (CD)44, CD24, and protein C receptor, endothelial (PROCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month post-treatment ]
    Cross tables of AURKA expression levels with expression levels of ER-alpha, P~SMAD5, SOX2, E-cadherin, Vimentin, CD44, CD24, and PROCR will be constructed to examine patterns of association between the biomarkers.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic proof of metastatic or locally advanced, unresectable breast cancer which is estrogen receptor positive and/or progesterone positive per institutional standards
  • Non-measurable or measurable disease
  • Post-menopausal women, as verified by:

    • Post bilateral surgical oophorectomy, or
    • No spontaneous menses >= 1 year, or
    • No menses for < 1 year with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol levels in postmenopausal range, according to institutional standards
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelet (PLT) >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement)
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 gm/dL
  • Calculated creatinine clearance must be >= 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
  • Ability to provide informed written consent
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
  • Life expectancy >= 4 months
  • Willing to provide tissue samples for research purposes
  • Prior therapies:

    • All women: at least one prior line of hormonal therapy for de novo disease (stage IV metastatic at diagnosis, no prior adjuvant therapy) or relapse > 1 year after completion of adjuvant therapy; relapse on adjuvant hormonal therapy will count as the one prior line of therapy
    • All women: at least 1 prior line of chemotherapy in the adjuvant and/or metastatic setting, but not more than 2 regimens in the metastatic setting
  • Capable of swallowing tablets

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known standard therapy for the patient's disease that is potentially curative or definitely capable of extending life expectancy
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Any of the following prior therapies:

    • Chemotherapy =< 21 days prior to registration
    • Mitomycin C/nitrosoureas =< 42 days prior to registration
    • Immunotherapy =< 28 days prior to registration
    • Biologic therapy =< 28 days prior to registration
    • Radiation therapy =< 21 days prior to registration
    • Radiation to > 25% of bone marrow prior to registration
    • Hormonal therapy =< 14 days prior to registration
  • Failure to recover to grade =< 1 from acute, reversible effects of prior chemotherapy regardless of interval since last treatment
  • Uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) metastases

    • NOTE: metastases have been treated by surgery and/or radiotherapy and patients have been neurologically stable and off of steroids > 12 weeks are eligible
  • Other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational (utilized for a non-Food and Drug Administration [FDA]-approved indication and in the context of a research investigation)
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy; NOTE: patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
  • Other active malignancy =< 5 years prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: patients must not be receiving other active treatment for another cancer
  • History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
  • > 2 prior chemotherapy regimens
  • Any prior treatment with an aurora kinase inhibitor (either an aurora A kinase or pan-aurora kinase inhibitor)
  • Plans to begin bisphosphonates or denosumab after registration or began therapy regiment =< 30 days from registration

    • NOTE: patients on a stable dose of bisphosphonates or denosumab > 30 days prior to registration are acceptable
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedures that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of alisertib; examples include, but are not limited to partial gastrectomy, history of small intestine surgery, and celiac disease
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; requirement for supplemental oxygen
  • Requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, histamine-2 (H2) antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes; histamine-2 (H2) receptor antagonists are not permitted from the day prior (day -1) through to the end of alisertib dosing (e.g., day 7), except as required for premedication for a protocol-specific agent (e.g., taxane); neutralizing antacids and calcium-containing supplements cannot be taken from 2 hours prior to alisertib dosing until up to 2 hours after dosing
  • Systemic infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy within 14 days preceding the first dose of study drug, or other severe infection
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or St. John's wort within 14 days prior to the first dose of alisertib and during the study
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C; testing is not required in the absence of clinical findings or suspicion
  • Receipt of corticosteroids within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment, unless patient has been taking a continuous dose of no more than 15 mg/day of prednisone for at least 1 month prior to first dose of study treatment; low dose steroid use for the control of nausea and vomiting will be allowed; topical steroid use is permitted; inhaled steroids are permitted
  • Inability to swallow oral medication or inability or unwillingness to comply with the administration requirements related to alisertib
  • Administration of myeloid growth factors or platelet transfusion within 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, including uncontrolled diabetes, malabsorption, resection of the pancreas or upper small bowel, requirement for pancreatic enzymes, any condition that would modify small bowel absorption of oral medications, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment in this study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02219789

Layout table for location information
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Tufia Haddad Mayo Clinic
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT02219789    
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1231
NCI-2014-01726 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1231 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 19, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 3, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs