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Safety and Tolerance Study of Three Probiotic Strains in Infants (PROBINFANT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02215304
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 14, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Lallemand Health Solutions
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ProbiSearch SL

Brief Summary:
Study to evaluate the safety and tolerance of three probiotic bacteria intake by healthy infants. Participants are divided at random and unknown to the researchers, in four groups, three of which receive one of three probiotic bacteria while the fourth group receives placebo product.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Body Weight Body Height Head Circumference Dietary Supplement: Bifidobacterium longum ssp infantis R0033 Dietary Supplement: Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 Dietary Supplement: Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071 Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Subjects' parents or legal tutors will be contacted for voluntary participation and a written informed consent will be obtained.

The study visits will take place either in the hospital or primary health center.

During Visit 1, inclusion in- and exclusion criteria will be checked and information on demographic profile, subject characteristics, feeding option, relevant medical history, medication and nutritional supplements will be recorded. Weight and length and head circumference measurements of the infant will be made. The researcher will explain to the parents that during the first 2 weeks of participation in the study the infant must not intake any probiotic supplements (run-in ). Parents will be instructed to collect and send and/or store fecal and urine samples before starting the study. In addition they will be instructed to collect and send and/or store fecal and urine samples after the initial run-in period (2 weeks), after the product intake period (8 weeks) and after the final wash out period (2 weeks).

During Visit 2, subjects will be randomly allocated to receive either one of the test products or the placebo. Body weight and length will be measure. The researcher will review with the parents the study diary in detail, how to record data on gastrointestinal tolerance, stool frequency and stool characteristics, respiratory symptoms, diagnosed infections, sleeping and crying habits, changes in sleeping pattern, fever episodes, unscheduled visits resulting from suspected infection or a health problem and antibiotic prescription. The researcher will explain the procedure of administering the study product to the infant and anticipated phone calls. The parents will be instructed to start intake of the product as soon as possible after the collection of fecal and urine samples.

During product intake period (8 weeks) subject's parents will be called weekly by someone from the Study Team (Phone call 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7). During the phone call relevant data related to possible Adverse Events (AEs) or Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) will be collected. Parents will be asked about infant's well-being (fever episodes, rashes, diarrhea, visits to the doctor, antibiotic prescription, etc.). Issues regarding diary completion, if any, will be discussed. During the Phone call 7 parents will be instructed to collect and send and/or store fecal and urine samples in one of the days prior to the third visit.

At the third visit (Visit 3, 8 weeks after product intake period), body weight and length will be measured and relevant data will be collected with respect to health and well-being aspect of the infant and AE or SAE (fever episodes, rashes, diarrhea, visits to the doctor, antibiotic prescription, etc.). Completed diaries and fecal and urine samples will be collected. Parents will be explained that for the last 2 weeks of participation in the study their infants could not intake any probiotic supplement (final wash out period). Parents will be instructed to collect and send and/or store fecal and urine samples in one of the days prior to the next visit (Visit 4).

During visit 4, after the final wash out period, body weight and length will be measured and relevant data will be collected with respect to health and well-being aspect of the infant and AEs or SAEs (fever episodes, rashes, diarrhea, visits to the doctor, antibiotic prescription, etc.). Completed diaries and samples will be collected.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 221 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Intervention Study to Assess the Safety and Tolerance Effect of Three Probiotic Strains in Infants
Study Start Date : June 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Bifidobacterium longum R0033
Bifidobacterium longum ssp infantis R0033, 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU) in 1 sachet per day to be diluted in 10 mL water by mouth for eight weeks
Dietary Supplement: Bifidobacterium longum ssp infantis R0033

12 weeks intervention study: A run-in period of two weeks, 8 weeks of intervention (from weeks 2 to 10) and two weeks after intervention finishing time.

During the 8 weeks of intervention participants will intake one daily dose of the product which contains 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU)


Active Comparator: Lactobacillus helveticus R0052
Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU) in 1 sachet per day to be diluted in 10 mL water by mouth for eight weeks
Dietary Supplement: Lactobacillus helveticus R0052

12 weeks intervention study: A run-in period of two weeks, 8 weeks of intervention (from weeks 2 to 10) and two weeks after intervention finishing time.

During the 8 weeks of intervention participants will intake one daily dose of the product which contains 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU)


Active Comparator: Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071
Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071, 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU) in 1 sachet per day to be diluted in 10 mL water by mouth for eight weeks
Dietary Supplement: Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071

12 weeks intervention study: A run-in period of two weeks, 8 weeks of intervention (from weeks 2 to 10) and two weeks after intervention finishing time.

During the 8 weeks of intervention participants will intake one daily dose of the product which contains 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU)


Placebo Comparator: Placebo
potato starch 1 sachet per day to be diluted in 10 mL water by mouth for eight weeks
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

12 weeks intervention study: A run-in period of two weeks, 8 weeks of intervention (from weeks 2 to 10) and two weeks after intervention finishing time.

During the 8 weeks of intervention participants will intake one daily dose of the product which contains 3*10E9 colony forming units (CFU)





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerance will be evaluated according to infant growth (weight, height and head circumference) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    growth will be evaluated considering weight, height and head circumference, at four different time points during study: 1st measure will be at screening visit (visit 1/week 0), 2nd measure will be after the run-in period and before starting intervention (visit 2/ week 2), 3rd measure will be after the eight weeks of intervention (visit 3/ week 10) and the 4th measure will be two weeks later (visit 4/week 12).

  2. Adverse Event and/or Serious Adverse Event [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Adverse Event and/or Serious Adverse Event will be recorded daily by parents and notified to investigator within 24hrs., in particular gastro-intestinal symptoms, fever and rashes.

  3. Fecal characteristics [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Fecal characteristics (stool frequency, stool consistency, stool amount and stool color) will be recorded daily by parents according to the "Amsterdam scale" and notified weekly to investigators.

  4. Use of medication [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Medication used (antibiotics, etc) will be recorded daily by parents and notified weekly to investigators.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Urine concentration of D-lactic acid. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    D-lactic acid will be measured in urine samples at 4 different time points (weeks 0, 2, 10 and 12).

  2. Changes in sleep and crying patterns [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Changes in sleep and crying patterns will be recorded daily by parents and notified weekly to investigators.

  3. Immune compounds in fecal samples [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Immunoglobulins (Ig) A, G1, G2, G3, G4 and M, cytokines, chemokines and growth factors such as interleukins (IL) 1β, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, and 17, interferon-γ (INF-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), growth related oncogene-α (GRO-α), macrophages chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), macrophages inflammatory protein-1β (MIP-1β), granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophages colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and Calprotectin concentrations will be measured at two time points, before and after the study probiotic intake (weeks 0 and 10).

  4. Composition of fecal microbiota [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Composition of fecal microbiota will be assessed at two different time points, before and after the intervention period



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 12 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy term infants between 3-12 months old
  • Written informed consent from at least one parent or the legal tutor.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Short bowel syndrome or any GI surgery.
  • Impaired intestinal epithelial barrier (e.g. diarrheal illness, intestinal inflammation).
  • Metabolic disorders (diabetes, lactose intolerance).
  • Immunodeficiency.
  • Heart failure and cardiac medical history (e.g. artificial heart valve, medical history of infectious endocarditis, cardiac malformation, rheumatic fever).
  • Surgery within one month prior to inclusion (Visit 1/ week 0).
  • Antibiotic prescription 1 week before inclusion (Visit 1/ week 0) and during run-in period (Visit 2/ week 2).
  • Investigator's uncertainty about the willingness or ability of the infant's parents to comply with the protocol requirements.
  • Participation in any other clinical trial within two weeks prior to entry into the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02215304


Locations
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Spain
Hospital Universitario La Paz
Madrid, Spain, 28046
Sponsors and Collaborators
ProbiSearch SL
Lallemand Health Solutions
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Felix Omeñaca, MD, PhD Hospital Universitario La Paz

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Responsible Party: ProbiSearch SL
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02215304     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LALLEM-001
First Posted: August 13, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 14, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016

Keywords provided by ProbiSearch SL:
Dietary supplementation
Probiotics
Safety/Efficiency
Healthy infants

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Sulfalene
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents